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EBSA’s Participant Assistance And Outreach Program

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U.S. Department of Labor
Employee Benefits Security Administration
October 2008

The Employee Benefits Security Administration (EBSA) maintains a participant assistance and outreach program to educate participants, beneficiaries and plan sponsors about their rights and obligations under employee benefit laws, and to assist individuals in obtaining retirement and health benefits that have been improperly denied. To improve the delivery of participant assistance and outreach, EBSA has established an Office of Participant Assistance (OPA) and employs 108 Benefits Advisors located throughout the country in the Agency’s 15 field offices. OPA formulates the Agency’s strategic plan for participant and compliance assistance, outreach and education; establishes policies and operating procedures for the field and national office programs; and, conducts quality assurance reviews. The office is also responsible for developing publications and other educational materials for participants and plan sponsors and for the content and design of EBSA’s Web site.

Quick Facts

  • In FY 2008, the Benefits Advisors closed 158,526 participant inquiries/complaints and recovered over $139 million in benefits for participants that had been improperly denied through an informal negotiation process with the employer. The Benefits Advisors inform the employer about their responsibilities under the law and facilitate resolution of the complaint without formal investigation or litigation.

  • Benefits Advisors also respond to compliance related inquiries directly from employers, plan sponsors and practitioners. Last year they handled 16,452 such inquiries.

  • Benefit Advisors play a critical role in EBSA’s overall enforcement program. When they receive a complaint from a participant that indicates a fiduciary breach by the employer or a problem that impacts all or several participants in the plan, the Advisor makes a referral to the enforcement staff for possible investigation. These types of referrals from our Advisors have become our best source of cases. Referrals from Benefits Advisors in FY 2008 resulted in 871 enforcement cases being opened. Monetary results from referred cases totalled $99.7 million.

  • Often when situations require investigation and litigation to resolve, participants are left in limbo for months or years before a final resolution of the case is settled. The Agency has implemented a policy to keep participants informed about the status of their complaint both before and after it has been referred for enforcement. This has helped to increase our customers’ satisfaction.

  • The Agency began monitoring how participants and other customers viewed the service provided by our Benefits Advisors in FY 2003 through a contract with the Gallup Organization. Customer Satisfaction is one of the GPRA goals established by the Agency. Over the last four years the participant assistance customer satisfaction rating has improved by 14 percentage points. Training has been provided to the Benefits Advisors by Gallup; offices have developed individual team impact plans for improving their overall office rating; and individual Advisor scores have been used for training and individual improvement. According to our most recent Gallup survey, 88.3% of our customers rate our service equal to or better than their experience with the private sector, and 92.2% equal to or better than public sector organizations.

  • EBSA maintains a toll free participant assistance line, 1.866.444.EBSA (3272). The hot line complements the Agency’s Web site for accepting electronic inquiries,

  • The toll free calls are directed to the field offices and are answered by Benefits Advisors in the region nearest the caller.

  • The Agency’s Web site,, hosted over 2.58 million web visitors in FY 2008 where they had access to numerous FAQs, publications and other useful consumer information as well as easy access to the “contact us” site.

  • Benefits Advisors also have access to a contracted translation service that can assist them in providing assistance to non-English speaking participants. The translation service provides translation in 150 different languages.

  • Benefit Advisors conduct both participant and compliance assistance outreach in their regions. Some examples of these outreach activities include:

    • On-site assistance to dislocated workers facing job loss as a result of plant closures or layoffs - Benefits Advisors participate in state sponsored Rapid Response sessions providing workers with critical need-to-know information about continuation health coverage under COBRA, special enrollment rights under HIPAA and retirement rollover provisions. In FY 2008 our Benefits Advisors participated in 830 Rapid Response sessions attended by over 25,000 workers. This direct on-site service provides timely information necessary for participants to make informed decisions about their benefits when faced with job loss.

    • Briefings to district congressional offices, state insurance commissioners, and other federal, state and community organizations - The purpose of these train-the-trainer/advocate sessions is to educate these professionals about the laws that EBSA administers and the services offered by our staff. The Benefits Advisors provide them with copies of our brochures, Qs & As, posters, as well as our website address and toll free number. In FY 2008 Benefits Advisors conducted 216 briefings to Congressional district staff. These briefings result in more referrals to our offices for benefit dispute resolution but they also reduce informational inquiries to our staff by enabling the staff in these offices to respond directly to their constituents’ questions and provide copies of our informative materials.

    • Compliance Assistance workshops for employers, plan sponsors and practitioners - Benefits Advisors conducted or participated in 516 compliance assistance outreach activities in FY 2008. Those include sponsoring fiduciary education seminars, cosponsoring HIPAA compliance assistance seminars with state insurance commissioners, cosponsoring workshops with the IRS, Small Business Development Centers and local Chambers of Commerce for small business owners to learn about retirement plan options to offer coverage for their employees, participation in workshops sponsored by associations such as the AICPA, WEB and the IFEBP, hosting Webcasts, and giving speeches to plan benefits administrators. By educating employers, plan sponsors and practitioners through these types of outreach seminars, fewer errors are made by the plan thus reducing the number of individuals who might need assistance in resolving complaints.

  • EBSA now has 85 publications which provide useful information to participants and beneficiaries about their pension and health benefits. Eleven of these pubs have been translated into Spanish. In 2008, 895,000 copies were distributed.

For more information about the Participant Assistance and Outreach Program, contact the Office of Participant Assistance at 202.693.8630. If you have a benefits question or need assistance resolving a complaint or claim for benefits, contact one of EBSA's Benefits Advisors, toll-free, at 1.866.444.EBSA (3272), or electronically at

This fact sheet has been developed by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employee Benefits Security Administration, Washington, DC 20210. It will be made available in alternate formats upon request: Voice telephone: 202.693.8664; Text telephone: 202.501.3911. In addition, the information in this fact sheet constitutes a small entity compliance guide for purposes of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996.