Asbestos workers have increased chances of getting two principal types of
cancer: cancer of the lung tissue itself and mesothelioma, a cancer of the thin
membrane that surrounds the lung and other internal organs. These diseases do
not develop immediately following exposure to asbestos, but appear only after a
number of years. The following documents describe the health hazards of asbestos
and how to recognize it.
- Asbestos. OSHA Fact Sheet, (2002), 63 KB PDF*,
Asbestos Contamination in Soft Concrete. Hazard Information
Bulletin (HIB), (1998, October 8).
Alerts construction workers and employers to the hazard
posed by "soft concrete", a mixture of asbestos/concrete, that was
used as a 2 to 10 inch roofing layer. The removal of this type of
soft concrete is a task that requires extensive precautions and
control methods as prescribed by OSHA construction standard 29 CFR
1926.1101(g), methods of compliance, and the revised
1926.1101(h), respiratory protection. Other sections of 29 CFR
1926.1101 are also applicable.
- Asbestos Standard for the General Industry.
OSHA Publication 3095, (1995). Also available as a 190 KB PDF,
Provides general OSHA guidelines for asbestos.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Safety and Health Topic. Includes recommendations for preventing
occupational exposure to asbestos and other resources.
Revised Recommended Asbestos Standard.
US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute
for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 77-169, (1976, December). Provides
extensive discussion of asbestos hazards and control measures. Though
the material is dated, this is a valuable resource.
- Asbestos-Contaminated Vermiculite mined from Libby, Montana
Take Home Toxins. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
Provides information on contamination of workers' homes by hazardous
substances transported from the workplace.
Protect Your Family - Reduce Contamination at Home. US Department of Health
and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
(NIOSH) Publication No. 97-125, (1997). Summarizes a NIOSH conducted
study of contamination of workers' homes by hazardous substances transported
from the workplace.
Protecting Workers' Families - A Research Agenda: Report of the Workers'
Family Protection Task Force. US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS),
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication
No. 2002-113, (2002, February). Represents the Task Force's commentary on the 1995 NIOSH Workers' Home Contamination Study report, identifies gaps in the
current knowledge about take-home exposures and related health effects, and
provides a prioritized agenda for federally sponsored research.
*These files are provided for downloading.
- Toxicological Profile for Asbestos.
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), (2001, September).
toxicological and adverse health effects information of asbestos.
National Toxicology Program
(NTP). US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). Assesses
the carcinogenicity of chemicals and hazardous substances, including these respirable-size mineral fibers
assessed as "carcinogens" or "reasonably anticipated" carcinogens.
- Asbestos. 191 KB PDF,
- Ceramic Fibers. 192 KB PDF,
- Glass Wool. 194 KB
PDF, 2 pages.
- Environmental Protection Agency.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Asbestosis. American Lung Association (ALA). Provides fact sheets
on asbestosis, links to its
asbestos page, and to reports on other
forms of lung disease. Founded in
1904 to fight tuberculosis, ALA today fights lung disease in all its
Asbestos. Oklahoma State University. Provides information about asbestos
monitoring, exposure, toxidynamics, asbestos policy, regulatory standards and
Statistics and Information. US Geological Survey (USGS), (2008).
Includes commodities production summaries, minerals yearbook and special
- Asbestos Information. Utah
Department of Environmental Quality, Division of Air Quality,
(2005). Discusses asbestos minerals, diseases,
exposure, and occurrence.
- Fact Sheet on Asbestos Exposure: Questions and Answers. National Cancer
Institute (NCI), (Reviewed February 1, 2007).