Individuals with disabilities are protected from discrimination in
employment primarily by the Americans
with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Rehabilitation Act. The Department of
Labor's Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP)
provides publications and other technical
assistance on the requirements of these laws. However, ODEP does not
enforce these laws.
The Department of Labor's Office of Federal
Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP) enforces Section 503 of the
Rehabilitation Act, which requires federal contractors and subcontractors with
government contracts in excess of $10,000 to take affirmative action to employ
and advance in employment qualified individuals with disabilities.
Additionally, OFCCP has coordinating authority under Title I of the Americans
with Disabilities Act, which prohibits job discrimination by employers against
qualified individuals with disabilities. The
Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) has primary authority for
enforcing the employment-related provisions of the ADA, which are found in
Title I. Most government contractors are covered by both Section 503 and Title
I of the ADA.
OFCCP also enforces the
Vietnam Era Veterans'
Readjustment Assistance Act (VEVRAA). Some disabled veterans are covered
under this law. If a covered disabled veteran believes he or she has been
discriminated against by a federal contractor or subcontractor, he or she may
file a complaint with
The Departments Civil Rights
Center (CRC) enforces the employment-related provisions of Section 504 of
the Rehabilitation Act. Section 504 covers organizations and entities that
receive federal financial assistance from DOL. CRC also enforces Title II of
the ADA as that title applies to the labor- and workforce-related practices of
state and local governments and other public entities. Finally, CRC enforces
Section 188 of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA), which bars
disability-based discrimination by programs and activities that are part of the
One-Stop employment and training
system established by WIA Title I. See the Laws &
Regulations subtopic for specific information on these laws.
DOL Web Pages on This
Related Web Pages on This
Rights Information from DisabilityInfo.gov
employment, housing, transportation, and many other rights afforded to people
Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)
The EEOC enforces Title I of
The Department of Justice enforces parts of the ADA and
coordinates enforcement of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act.
This Web site, developed by the Center for Information
Technology Accommodation in the U.S. General Services Administration's Office
of Governmentwide Policy, contains resources for understanding and implementing
the requirements of Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act.