Federal Bureau of Prisons organization chartd

The Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) was created by the Act of May 14, 1930 (ch.274, 46 Stat. 325), signed into law by President Herbert Hoover.

The mission of the BOP is to protect society by confining offenders in the controlled environments of prisons and community-based facilities that are safe, humane, cost-efficient, and appropriately secure, and that provide work and other self-improvement opportunities to assist offenders in becoming law-abiding citizens.

The major functions of BOP are to:

Population Management

Human Resource Management

Security and Facility Management

Correctional Leadership and Effective Public Administration

Inmate Programs and Services

Building Partnership



The Federal Prison Industries, Inc. (FPI), a wholly-owned government corporation, was created by statute (P.L. 73-461) on June 23, 1934, and implemented by Executive Order No. 6917, signed by President Roosevelt on December 11, 1934.

The mission of the Federal Prison Industries, Inc., is to provide training and employment of prisoners confined in Federal Correctional Institutions.

The major functions of the FPI are to:


The National Institute of Corrections (NIC) is a national center that provides assistance to federal, state, and local correctional agencies and works to advance the practice of corrections throughout the country. The NIC was created by statute (P.L. 93-415) on September 7, 1974.

NIC is a center of correctional learning and experience. It works to advance and shape effective correctional practice and public policy that responds to the needs of corrections through collaboration and leadership and by providing assistance, information, education, and training to correctional agencies.

The major functions of the NIC are to:

Federal Bureau of Prisons Field Structure

Federal Bureau of Prisons Field Structured

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