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The President’s 2009 Budget will:
  • Advance technological innovation through the President’s American Competitiveness Initiative;
  • Open new markets for U.S. exporters, protect intellectual property rights, obtain compliance with trade agreements, and enforce unfair trade laws;
  • Support critical demographic and economic statistics, including the 2010 Decennial Census;
  • Enhance understanding of the planet’s weather and climate;
  • Improve stewardship of ocean and coastal resources and wildlife; and
  • Restrain spending in lower-priority areas.

Advancing U.S. Competitiveness through Technological Innovation, Free Trade, and Intellectual Property Protection

  • Supports the American Competitiveness Initiative. Provides $634 million for investments in quantum and neutron research, nanotechnology, and related scientific work at the National Institute of Standards and Technology, a 20-percent increase over the 2008 enacted level, excluding earmarks and unrequested grants.

  • Facilitates the transition to digital television broadcasts. Ensures a smooth transition from analog to digital television broadcasts by February 18, 2009, through information and assistance efforts, thereby clearing valuable radio spectrum to enhance the capabilities of first responders and bring greater choice to media and telecommunications consumers.

  • Advances free trade. Opens and expands new markets for U.S. goods and services, helps develop and enforce free trade agreements with other nations, eliminates barriers to sales of U.S. products, and improves the competitiveness of U.S. firms. Disseminates advanced U.S. clean energy technologies throughout the Asia-Pacific region by hosting trade missions and other outreach events.

  • Protects intellectual property rights. Combats global piracy and counterfeiting, and strengthens the United States Patent and Trademark Office to support efforts to safeguard the value of intellectual property through more efficient and higher quality patent and trademark examinations.

Improving Public and Private-Sector Decisions with Enhanced Data

  • Prepares for the 2010 Decennial Census. Opens field offices and finalizes systems for the population count in spring 2010, which is called for in Article I of the Constitution.

  • Improves economic data. Promotes more accurate data on the contributions of the health care sector and research and development to gross domestic product (GDP), and also significantly improves measurement of the service sector.

This is line chart titled, Number of Fish Stocks for which Overfishing has been Ended, shows 2 lines—the Actual and the Target.  The Actual line starts in 1998 and goes thru 2007 showing a steady increase.  The Target starts in 2008 thru 2012 depicting the steady increase will continue.

Enhancing the Ability to Observe, Protect, and Manage the Earth’s Resources

  • Improves weather forecasting and global climate monitoring. Provides $981 million to develop and acquire vital weather satellites and climate sensors (an increase of $175 million over the 2008 request and $220 million over the enacted level) and $31 million over the 2008 request in new initiatives to improve forecasts of severe weather, fires, and droughts.

  • Protects oceans and manages natural resources. Increases funding for last year’s initiative supporting the Ocean Action Plan by $31 million over the 2008 request, to $154 million. These funds will enhance fisheries management and support the Magnuson-Stevens Act requirement of eliminating overfishing by 2011, as well as strengthen efforts to advance ocean observing networks, study ocean acidification, reduce harmful marine debris, support maritime commerce, and protect marine mammals.

Major Savings and Reforms

  • Six programs representing $375 million have been identified for termination or reduction, including:

    • Federal funding for Manufacturing Extension Partnership centers, which will become independent, as intended when the program began.

    • Economic Development Administration grants, which will be reduced and re-focused on economic adjustment assistance, to respond to sudden and severe economic events.

    • Public Telecommunications Facilities, Planning, and Construction grants, which in recent years have supported public broadcasters’ transition to digital broadcasts—a transition that is now largely complete.

Since 2001, the Department of Commerce has:

  • Vigorously contributed to the Administration’s free-trade agenda, leading to the signing or completion of free trade agreements with 17 countries that feature increased intellectual property protections and expanded access for U.S. products and services. From 2001 to 2006, annual U.S. exports increased by $440 billion (nearly 30 percent in constant dollars), which benefits businesses of all sizes and American workers.

  • Enforced trade agreements by initiating 286 antidumping or countervailing duty investigations and applied anti-subsidy countervailing duty investigations on imports from emerging non-market economies for the first time in 23 years.

  • Enhanced the quality and timeliness of key economic data; for example, making GDP information on a State-by-State basis available 12 months earlier.

  • Supported sound management of fisheries and related ocean resources, including protecting over 7,000 species within the world’s largest marine protected area—the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument in Hawaii.

  • Improved weather forecasting and climate science capabilities, such as increasing the lead time for winter storm warnings from 9 hours in 2000 to 19 hours in 2007.

Department of Commerce
(Dollar amounts in millions)

2008 2009
   Discretionary Budget Authority:      
      Departmental Management:      
         Salaries and Expenses 49 44 61
         Emergency Steel Guaranteed Loan Program −49
         Headquarters Renovation 4 7
         National Intellectual Property Law Enforcement Coordination

         Office of the Inspector General 23 22 25
      Subtotal, Departmental Management 72 70 45
      Economic Development Administration 281 274 133
      Bureau of the Census 893 1,230 2,605
      Economics and Statistics Administration 80 80 91
      International Trade Administration 402 405 420
      Bureau of Industry and Security 75 73 84
      Minority Business Development Agency 30 29 29
      National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA):      
         Operations, Research, and Facilities 2,821 2,933 2,913
         Procurement, Acquisition and Construction 1,085 971 1,239
         Other accounts −11 68 −42
      Subtotal, NOAA 4,065 3,972 4,110
      U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (PTO):      
         Program level 1,779 1,916 2,075
         Fees −1,791 −1,916 −2,075
      Subtotal, PTO −12
      Technology Administration 2
      National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST):      
         Scientific and Technical Research and Services 439 446 539
         Industrial Technology Services 177 136 4
         Construction of Research Facilities 59 160 99
      Subtotal, NIST 675 742 642
      National Telecommunications and Information Administration 40 36 19
      Discretionary offsetting receipts −23 −4 −1
   Total, Discretionary budget authority 6,410 6,907 8,177
    Memorandum: Budget authority from enacted supplementals 170
   Total, Discretionary outlays 6,418 7,145 8,072
   Mandatory Outlays:      
      Digital Television Fund programs:      
         Public Safety Interoperable Communications grants 24 296 396
         Digital Television Converter Box program 36 404 534
         Other programs 152 102
      All other 8 162 151
      Mandatory offsetting receipts 1  −852 −1,032
   Total, Mandatory outlays 68 162 151
   Total, Outlays 6,486 7,327 8,223
Credit activity      
   Direct Loan Disbursements:      
      Fisheries  Finance Direct Loan Financing account 84 52 39
  Number of Programs    2009 Savings
Major Savings, Discretionary
     Terminations 4   −200
     Reductions 2   −175
Mandatory offsetting receipts include spectrum auction receipts that fund mandatory programs in the National Telecommunications and Information Administration created by the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005.

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