Roadway Safety: Instructor Manual
Laborers' Health and Safety Fund of North America
|This document is one in a program produced under an OSHA grant by a consortium of the Laborers' Health and Safety Fund N.A, the International Union of Operating Engineers, the American Road and Transportation Builders Assn, and the National Asphalt Pavement Assn. All of the documents from this set that are on eLCOSH can be found by clicking on Job Site, Heavy construction, and scrolling to the Street & highway heading. Or to download a complete version of the computerized program, go to http://wzsafety.tamu.edu.
Who Can Deliver This Training Module?
The Roadway Safety Awareness Program is designed for use by supervisory personnel with some safety and health experience or by safety
and health personnel to orient new workers as they arrive on the jobsite.
How Should an Instructor Deliver This Module?
As an instructor, you must do more than present knowledge. You must impact the trainee's attitude, belief, and behavior. Research shows that questioning interaction is the best method for influencing a trainee's attitudes and beliefs. Trainees must be able to voice their objections to new ideas and to contribute their own solutions to problems.
That is why the Roadway Safety Awareness Program is designed using the QUESTIONING METHOD. This manual presents a script which can be presented by any qualified instructor. The course content appears in the main column. The second column contains suggested questions and other relevant information designed to spark the interaction you need for effective classroom instruction.
Effective questioning helps you determine whether your trainees understand the information. It allows trainees to share their knowledge. Frank interaction helps trainees overcome their misunderstandings of the material. It helps instructors overcome resistance trainees may have to new information. Finally, frequent questioning prevents instructors from covering too much information too fast. Extensive use of questions is more time-consuming and requires a disciplined command of the topic. But it is the most effective method of classroom instruction.
What Does an Instructor Need to Deliver This Module?
1. A computer with CD drive, a projector, and the Roadway Safety CD, or
2. An overhead transparency projector and the Roadway Safety color overhead transparencies, or
3. The Roadway Safety color flipbook, and
4. Roadway Safety Trainee Booklets for all trainees.
Module 1: Runovers/Backovers
Can We Be Safe Near Equipment and Traffic?
Module 2: Operator Safety
What Other Precautions Do We Need?
What About Construction Equipment?
Do Safety Programs Help?
How Can Operators Stay Safe?
Module 3: Struck or Crushed
What Are Other Safety Measures?
How Can We Be Safe in the Work Zone?
How Can We Protect Other Workers?
How Can Road Workers Be Struck?
Module 4: Flagger Safety
What Is the Main Hazard of Flagging?
Module 5: Night Work
How Can We Protect Ourselves?
What Should Flaggers Avoid?
What Are the Special Challenges?
Module 6: Excavation
How Can We Protect Ourselves at Night?
How Can Our Health Habits Help?
Why Are Trenches Dangerous?
Module 7: Electrical Hazards
How Can We Prevent Cave-Ins?
What Else Does Excavation Require?
What Are the Dangers of Electricity?
Module 8: Sprains and Strains
How Do We Treat Above-Ground Utilities?
What If Contact Happens?
Can We Be Safe Around Buried Utilities?
What Injuries Are Most Common?
Module 9: Fall Hazards
What Causes These Injuries?
How Can We Avoid Sprains and Strains?
What Can You Do to Prevent Injuries?
What Causes Falls in Road Work?
Module 10: Noise Hazards
How Do We Prevent Falls on the Same Level?
How Do We Avoid Falls From Elevations?
Is Too Much Noise a Serious Problem?
Module 11: Health Hazards
Could Road Work Be Less Noisy?
How Do We Protect Our Hearing Now?
How Do Health Hazards Harm Us?
Module 12: Working Outdoors
How Harmful Is Silica?
How Harmful Is Asphalt?
How Harmful Is Lead?
Are There Other Health Hazards?
What Is Our Risk from Sun Exposure?
Module 13: Emergencies
What Are the Hazards of Hot Weather?
What Are the Hazards of Cold Weather?
How Are Plants and Animals Hazardous?
What Emergencies Are Most Common?
What Should We Do in an Emergency?
How Do We Prepare for an Emergency?
This paper appears in the eLCOSH website with the permission of the author and/or copyright holder and may not be reproduced without their consent. eLCOSH is an information clearinghouse. eLCOSH and its sponsors are not responsible for the accuracy of information provided on this web site, nor for its use or misuse.
©2002 Laborers Health & Safety Fund of North America,Washington, DC All rights reserved. This material was produced under grant number 46C1-HT21 from the Occupational Safety & Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor to a consortium of the Laborers' Health & Safety Fund of North America (LHSFNA), the International Union of Operating Engineers (IUOE), the American Road & Transportation Builders Association (ARTBA), and the National Asphalt Pavement Association (NAPA). It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. No statement made in this booklet should be construed to convey an impression that any member of the consortium, its affiliates, or employees have assumed any part of the employer's exclusive legal responsibility for providing a "safe and healthful workplace" as mandated by the Occupational Safety and Health Act. Produced for the consortium by FOF Communications.
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