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Please note: The reference numbers in the text below will take you to the References section of the CDC fact sheet HIV/AIDS among African Americans.

In the United States, the HIV/AIDS epidemic is a health crisis for African Americans. At all stages of HIV/AIDS—from infection with HIV to death with AIDS—blacks (including African Americans) are disproportionately affected compared with members of other races and ethnicities [1, 2].

STATISTICS

HIV/AIDS in 2005

  • According to the 2000 census, blacks make up approximately 13% of the US population. However, in 2005, blacks accounted for 18,121 (49%) of the estimated 37,331 new HIV/AIDS diagnoses in the United States in the 33 states with long-term, confidential name-based HIV reporting [2].*
  • Of all black men living with HIV/AIDS, the primary transmission category was sexual contact with other men, followed by injection drug use and high-risk heterosexual contact [2].
  • Of all black women living with HIV/AIDS, the primary transmission category was high-risk heterosexual contact, followed by injection drug use [2].
  • Of the estimated 141 infants perinatally infected with HIV, 91 (65%) were black (CDC, HIV/AIDS Reporting System, unpublished data, December 2006).
  • Of the estimated 18,849 people under the age of 25 whose diagnosis of HIV/AIDS was made during 2001–2004 in the 33 states with HIV reporting, 11,554 (61%) were black [3].

*See the box (before the References section) labeled Understanding HIV and AIDS Data for a list of the 33 states.

Race/ethnicity of persons (including children) with HIV/AIDS diagnosed during 2005

Race/ethnicity of persons (including children) with HIV/AIDS diagnosed during 2005.

No. = 37,331

Black: 49%
White: 31%
Hispanic: 18%
Asian/Pacific Islander: 1%
American Indian/Alaska Native: less than 1%

Note. Based on data from 33 states with long-term, confidential name-based HIV reporting.

Transmission categories for black adults and adolescents living with HIV/AIDS at the end of 2005

Transmission categories for African American adults and adolescents living with HIV/AIDS at the end of 2005

Note. Based on data from 33 states with long-term, confidential name-based HIV reporting.

AIDS in 2005

  • Blacks accounted for 20,187 (50%) of the estimated 40,608 AIDS cases diagnosed in the 50 states and the District of Columbia [2].
  • The rate of AIDS diagnoses for black adults and adolescents was 10 times the rate for whites and nearly 3 times the rate for Hispanics. The rate of AIDS diagnoses for black women was nearly 23 times the rate for white women. The rate of AIDS diagnoses for black men was 8 times the rate for white men [2].
  • The 185,988 blacks living with AIDS in the 50 states and the District of Columbia accounted for 44% of the 421,873 people in those areas living with AIDS [2].
  • Of the 68 US children (younger than 13 years of age) who had a new AIDS diagnosis, 46 were black [2].
  • Since the beginning of the epidemic, blacks have accounted for 397,548 (42%) of the estimated 952,629 AIDS cases diagnosed in the 50 states and the District of Columbia [2].
  • From the beginning of the epidemic through December 2005, an estimated 211,559 blacks with AIDS died [2].
  • Of persons whose diagnosis of AIDS had been made during 1997–2004, a smaller proportion of blacks (66%) were alive after 9 years compared with American Indians and Alaska Natives (67%), Hispanics (74%), whites (75%), and Asians and Pacific Islanders (81%) [2].

Race/ethnicity of adults and adolescents living with HIV/AIDS, 2005

Race/ethnicity of adults and adolescents living with HIV/AIDS, 2005

Note. Based on data from 33 states with long-term, confidential name-based HIV reporting.

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Last Modified: June 28, 2007
Last Reviewed: June 28, 2007
Content Source:
Divisions of HIV/AIDS Prevention
National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention
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