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Q fever
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Disclaimer: These references are provided to give an overview of many aspects of Q fever and are not intended to be an exhaustive list of the literature.  Additional sources not listed here should be consulted for further detail.

Ackland, J.A., Worswick, D.A., and Marmion, B.P. (1994). Vaccine prophylaxis of Q fever: a follow-up study of the efficacy of Q-Vax (CSL) 1985-1990. The Medical Journal of Australia,160, 704-708.

Benenson, A.S. (ed.). (1995). Control of Communicable Diseases Manual. 16th edition. American Public Health Association, Washington D.C.

Bernard, K.W., Parham, G.L., Winkler, W.G., and Helmick, C.G. (1982).  Q fever control measures: recommendations for research facilities using sheep.  Infection Control, 3, 461-465.

Dasch, G.A., and Weiss, E. (1998).  The rickettsiae.  In: Collier, L, Balows, A., and Sussman, M. (Eds).  Topley and Wilson's Microbiology and Microbial Infections, 9th ed., vol. 2, 853-876. Oxford University Press, New York, NY.

Devine, P., Doyle, C., and Lambkin, G. (1997). Combined determination of Coxiella burnetii-specific immunoglobulin M (IgM) and IgA improves specificity in the diagnosis of acute Q fever. Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology,4, 384-386.

Dupont, H.T., Thirion, X., and Raoult, D. (1994). Q fever serology: cutoff determination for microimmunofluorescence. Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology,1 189-196.

Dupont, H.T., Raoult, D., Brouqui, P., Janbon, F., Peyramond, D., Weiller, P.J., Chicheportiche, C., Nezri, M., and Poirier, R. (1992). Epidemiologic features and clinical presentation of acute Q fever in hospitalized patients: 323 French cases. American Journal of Medicine,93, 427-434.

Dupuis, G., Petite, J., and Vouilloz, M. (1987). An important outbreak of human Q fever in a Swiss alpine valley. International Journal of Epidemiology,16, 282-287.

Dupuis, G., Peter, O., Peacock, M., Burgdorfer, W., and Haller, E. (1985).  Immunoglobulin responses in acute Q fever.  Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 22,  484-487.

Field, P.R., Hunt, J.G., and Murphy, A.M. (1983).  Detection and persistence of specific IgM antibody to C. burnetii by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay: a comparison with immunofluorescence and complement fixation tests.  Journal of Infections Disease, 148,  477-487.

Fiset, P., and Woodward, T.E. (1998).  Q fever.  In: Evans, A.S., and Brachman, P.S. (Eds).  Bacterial Infections of Humans: Epidemiology and Control, 3rd ed. 583-595.  Plenum Medical Book Company, New York, NY. 

Fournier, P.E., Marrie, T.J., and Raoult, D. (1998). Diagnosis of Q fever. Journal of Clinical Microbiology,36, 1823-1834.

Harrison, R.J., Vugia, D.J., and Ascher, M.S. (1990).  Occupational health guidelines for control of Q fever in sheep research. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 590,  283-290.

Hunt, J.G., Field, P.R., and Murphy, A.M. (1983).  Immunoglobulin responses to Coxiella burnetii (Q fever): single-serum diagnosis of acute infection, using an immunofluorescence technique.  Infection and Immunity, 39,  977-981.

Kazar, J. (1999). Q fever--current concept. In: Rickettsiae and Rickettsial Diseases at the Turn of the Third Millenium. Raoult, D., Brouqui, P., (Eds). Elsevier, Netherlands.

Levy, P.Y., Drancourt, M., Etienne, J., Auvergnat, J.C., Beytout, J., Sainty, J.M., Goldstein, F., and Raoult, D. (1991). Comparison of different antibiotic regimens for therapy of 32 cases of Q fever endocarditis. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy,35, 533-537.

Marrie, T.J., and Raoult, D. (1999).  Coxiella.  In: Murray, P.R., Baron, E.J., Pfaller, M.A., Tenover, F.C., and Yolken, R.H. (Eds).  In: Manual of Clinical Microbiology, 7th ed, 815-820.  ASM Press, Washington, D.C.

Marrie, T.J. (1995).  Coxiella burnetii (Q fever).  In: Mandell, G.L., Bennett, J.E., and Dolin, R. (Eds).  Mandell, Douglas and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 4th ed, 1727-1735.  Chruchill Liningstone, New York, NY.

Marrie, T.J., Van Buren, J., Faulkner, R.S., Haldane, E.V., Williams, J.C., and Kwan, C. (1984).  Seroepidemiology of Q fever in Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island.  Canadian Journal of Microbiology, 30,  129-134.

Maurin, M., and Raoult, D. (1999). Q fever. Clinical Microbiology Reviews,12, 518-553.

McDade, J.E. (1998).  Rickettsial diseases.  In: Collier, L., Ballows, A., and Sussman, M. (Eds).  Topley and Wilson's Microbiology and Microbial Infections, 9th ed., vol. 3, 995-1011.  Oxford University Press, New York, NY.

Newsome, J.T. (1997).  Q fever.  In: Connor, D.H., Chandler, F.W., Manz, H.J., Schwartz, D.A., and Lack, E.E. (Eds). Pathology of Infectious Diseases, 765-771.  Appleton and Lange, Stamford, CT.

Ormsbee, R., Peacock, M., Gerloff, R., Tallent, G., and Wilke, D.  (1978).  Limits of rickettsial infectivity.  Infection and Immunity, 19, 239-245.

Peacock, M.G., Philip, R.N., Williams, J.C., and Faulkner, R.S. (1983). Serological evaluation of Q fever in humans: enhanced phase I titers of immunoglobulins G and A are diagnostic of Q fever endocarditis. Infection and Immunity,41, 1089-1098.

Peter, O., Dupuis, G., Burgdorfer, W., and Peacock, M. (1985).  Evaluation of the complement fixation and indirect immunofluorescence tests in the early diagnosis of primary Q fever.  European Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 4,  394-396.

Raoult, D., Houpikian, P., Tissot-Dupont, H., Riss, J.M., Arditi-Djiane, J., and Brouqui, P. (1999).  Treatment of Q fever endocarditis: comparison of 2 regemins containing doxycycline and ofloxacin or hydroxychloroquine.  Archives of Internal Medicine, 159, 167-173.

Raoult, D. (1993). Treatment of Q fever. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 37, 1733-1736.

Raoult, D. Q fever. (1999). In: Conn’s Current Therapy, Rakel, R.E. (Ed). W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, Penn.

Raoult, D., Urvolgyi, J., Etienne, J., Roturier, M., Puel, J., and Chudet, H. (1988). Diagnosis of endocarditis in acute Q fever by immunofluorescence serology. Acta Virologica, 32, 70-74.

Scott, G.H., and Williams, J.C. (1990). Susceptibility of Coxiella burnetii to chemical disinfectants. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 590, 291-296.

Walker, D., and Peacock, M. (1988). Laboratory diagnosis of rickettsial diseases.  In: Biology of Rickettsial Diseases. Walker, D. (Ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 145-147.


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This page last reviewed August 10, 2000

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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