Vaccines and Preventable Diseases:
A severe bacterial infection, occurring primarily in infants and children under 5 years
Meningitis, pneumonia, sepsis, epiglotittis (a severe throat infection), skin infections, and arthritis
(Can be serious in children under age 1, but there is little risk of getting the disease after age 5)
Hib meningitis (death in one out of 20 children, and permanent brain damage in 10% - 30% of the survivors)
Transmission is most likely through respiratory droplets (coughing and sneezing).
Hib vaccine is highly effective at preventing Hib disease.
Does my child need this vaccine?
All children under 5 years of age should be vaccinated with the Hib vaccine.
As an adult, do I need it?
Most people over 5 years old do not need Hib vaccine. However, you should discuss getting the vaccine with your physician if you have sickle cell anemia, or if your immune system is weakened because of
- HIV/AIDS or other diseases that affect the immune system
- treatment with drugs such as long-term steroids
- cancer treatment with x-rays or drugs
- bone marrow or organ transplant
- damaged spleen or no spleen.
Content last reviewed on May 18, 2007
Content Source: National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases