The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)
The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) , which prescribes standards for the basic minimum wage
and overtime pay, affects most private and public employment. It requires employers to
pay covered employees who are not otherwise exempt at least the federal
minimum wage and overtime pay of one-and-one-half-times the regular rate
of pay. For nonagricultural operations, it restricts the hours that
children under age 16 can work and forbids the employment of children
under age 18 in certain jobs deemed too dangerous. For agricultural
operations, it prohibits the employment of children under age 16 during
school hours and in certain jobs deemed too dangerous. The Act is
administered by the
Employment Standards Administration's
Wage and Hour Division within the U.S. Department of Labor.
- Employment Law Guide - Minimum Wage and Overtime Pay - Describes the minimum wage and overtime pay requirements.
- General Information
on the FLSA - The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) establishes
minimum wage, overtime pay, recordkeeping, and child labor standards
affecting full-time and part-time workers in the private sector and
in federal, state, and local governments.
- The Handy Reference
Guide to the FLSA - The FLSA establishes minimum wage, overtime pay, recordkeeping, and youth
employment standards affecting full-time and part-time workers in
the private sector and in federal, state, and local governments.
- Questions and Answers About the
Minimum Wage - The federal minimum wage for covered nonexempt
employees is $5.85 per hour effective July 24, 2007; $6.55 per hour effective July 24, 2008; and $7.25 per hour effective July 24, 2009. The federal minimum wage provisions are
contained in the FLSA. Many states also
have minimum wage laws.
- Minimum Wage Rates for Each
- YouthRules! Web Site -
Contains information for teens who have a job or are looking for a job; and
for their parents, teachers, and employers.
- U.S. Department of Labor's (DOL) FairPay Overtime Initiative
- Child Labor Requirements in Nonagricultural Occupations
- Child Labor Requirements in Agricultural Occupations
- Frequently Asked Questions Regarding Child Labor
- General Information
from the Employment Standards Administration, Wage and Hour Division (PDF).
- Filing a complaint - DOL's Wage and Hour Division manages complaints regarding violations of the various laws and regulations it administers. To file a complaint concerning one of these laws, contact your nearest Wage and Hour Division office or call the Department's Toll-Free Wage and Hour Help Line at 1-866-4-US-WAGE.
- Topical Index - Alphabetical listing of Wage and Hour Division fact sheets.
Every employer covered by the Fair Labor Standards Act
(FLSA) must keep certain records for each covered, nonexempt worker.
There is no required form for the records, but the records must include
accurate information about the employee and data about the hours worked
and the wages earned. The following is a listing of the basic records
that an employer must maintain:
- Employee's full name, as used for social security purposes, and on the same record, the employee's identifying symbol or number if such is used in place of name on any time, work, or payroll records;
- Address, including zip code;
- Birth date, if younger than 19;
- Sex and occupation;
- Time and day of week when employee's workweek begins. Hours
worked each day and total hours worked each workweek;
- Basis on which employee's wages are paid;
- Regular hourly pay rate;
- Total daily or weekly straight-time earnings;
- Total overtime earnings for the workweek;
- All additions to or deductions from the employee's wages;
- Total wages paid each pay period;
- Date of payment and the pay period covered by the payment.
- Employment Standards Administration (ESA)
Wage and Hour Division
200 Constitution Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20210
Tel: 1-866-4USWAGE (1-866-487-9243)
- For questions on other DOL laws,
please call DOL's Toll-Free Help Line at 1-866-4-USA-DOL. Live assistance is available in English and Spanish, Monday through Friday from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. Eastern Time. Additional service is available in more than 140 languages through a translation service.
*Pursuant to the U.S. Department of Labor's Confidentiality Protocol
for Compliance Assistance Inquiries, information provided by a telephone caller
will be kept confidential within the bounds of the law. Compliance assistance
inquiries will not trigger an inspection, audit, investigation, etc.