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Congressional Bills: Added and Deleted Text

Text that was added to or deleted from a particular version of a bill is indicated in different ways in ASCII text and Adobe Acrobat Portable Document Format (PDF) files.

ASCII text files include tags to mark changes in the text. Example.

  • Added text is enclosed in quotation marks. These quotes should not be confused with the quotation marks that are part of the text of the bill.
  • Deleted text is preceded by a <DELETED> tag and followed by a </DELETED> tag. (In the files for the 103rd Congress, deleted text is distinguished by the insertion of a hyphen before each deleted character.

Note: When multiple paragraphs have been deleted, the tags appear at the beginning and end of each affected paragraph. However, when multiple paragraphs have been added, the quotation marks appear at the beginning of each affected paragraph and at the end of the last paragraph in the series.

PDF files mark changes in the text in exactly the same way that those changes appear in the printed version. Example.

  • Added text is presented in italics.
  • Deleted text is stricken through with a line.