Congressional Bills: Added and Deleted Text
Text that was added to or deleted from a particular version of a bill
is indicated in different ways in ASCII text and Adobe Acrobat Portable
Document Format (PDF) files.
ASCII text files include tags to mark changes in the
- Added text is enclosed in quotation marks. These quotes should not
be confused with the quotation marks that are part of the text of the
- Deleted text is preceded by a <DELETED> tag and followed by
a </DELETED> tag. (In the files for the 103rd Congress,
deleted text is distinguished by the insertion of a hyphen before each
Note: When multiple paragraphs have been deleted,
the tags appear at the beginning and end of each affected paragraph.
However, when multiple paragraphs have been added, the quotation marks
appear at the beginning of each affected paragraph and at the end
of the last paragraph in the series.
PDF files mark changes in the text in exactly the same
way that those changes appear in the printed version. Example.
- Added text is presented in italics.
- Deleted text is stricken through with a line.