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Withdrawn NGC Summaries

Use the index below to find guidelines (listed by guideline developer) that have been withdrawn from the NGC Web site. Select "All" to see a complete list of withdrawn NGC Guideline Summaries (organized alphabetically by guideline developer). For a list of guidelines that have been updated, go to Updated NGC Summaries.

Guideline summaries are removed from the NGC Web site because they no longer meet the NGC Inclusion Criteria with respect to date, or because the guideline developer has indicated that the clinical practice guideline upon which the summary is based is obsolete, should no longer be used, or has not yet been replaced with a new/revised guideline. Please refer to the guideline developer's Web site, where available, for more information.

Note to PC users: If you are not sure which developer you need, consider using the "Find" option under the Edit menu or select Control-F to search the complete list by keyword.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z All

The National Guideline Clearinghouse™ currently contains 1140 guidelines in the withdrawn archive.

Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine

  1. Practice guidelines for psychiatric consultation in the general medical setting. (NGC-0928)
    • Bronheim HE, Fulop G, Kunkel EJ, Muskin PR, Schindler BA, Yates WR, Shaw R, Steiner H, Stern TA, Stoudemire A. The Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine practice guidelines for psychiatric consultation in the general medical setting. The Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine. Psychosomatics 1998 Jul-Aug;39(4):S8-30. [138 references] PubMed

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

  1. Acute low back problems in adults. (NGC-0090)
    • Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR). Acute low back problems in adults. Clinical practice guideline. Rockville (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, AHCPR; 1994 Dec. 160 p. (Clinical practice guideline; no. 14). [360 references]

  2. Cardiac rehabilitation. (NGC-0093)
    • Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR), Cardiac Rehabilitation Guideline Panel. Cardiac rehabilitation. Rockville (MD): U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, AHCPR ; 1995 Oct. 202 p. (Clinical practice guideline; no. 17). [334 references]

  3. Heart failure: evaluation and care of patients with left-ventricular systolic dysfunction. (NGC-0086)
    • Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR), Heart Failure Guideline Panel. Heart failure: evaluation and care of patients with left-ventricular systolic dysfunction. Rockville (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Health Care Policy and Research; 1994 Jun. 122 p. (Clinical practice guideline; no. 11). [237 references]

  4. Management of cancer pain. (NGC-0087)
    • Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR). Management of cancer pain. Clinical practice guideline. Rockville (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, AHCPR; 1994. 257 p. (Clinical practice guideline; no. 9).

  5. Otitis media with effusion in young children. (NGC-0088)
    • Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR), Otitis Media Guideline Panel. Otitis media with effusion in young children. Clinical practice guideline . Rockville (MD): U. S. Department of Health and Human Service, Public Health Service, AHCPR ; 1994. 108 p. (Clinical practice guideline; no. 12).

  6. Post-stroke rehabilitation. (NGC-0092)
    • Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR), Post-Stroke Rehabilitation Guideline Panel. Post-stroke rehabilitation. Clinical practice guideline. Rockville (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, AHCPR; 1995 May. 248 p. (Clinical practice guideline; no. 16). [334 references]

  7. Pressure ulcers in adults: prediction and prevention. (NGC-1827)
    • Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR). Pressure ulcers in adults: prediction and prevention. Rockville (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, AHCPR; 1992 May. 63 p. (Clinical practice guideline; no. 3). [127 references]

  8. Quality determinants of mammography. (NGC-0089)
    • Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR). Quality determinants of mammography. Clinical practice guideline. Rockville (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, AHCPR; 1994 Oct. 153 p. (Clinical practice guideline; no. 13). [307 references]

  9. Recognition and initial assessment of Alzheimer's disease and related dementias. (NGC-0095)
    • Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR). Recognition and initial assessment of Alzheimer's disease and related dementias. Clinical practice guideline. Rockville (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, AHCPR; 1996 Nov. 128 p. (Clinical practice guideline; no. 19). [302 references]

  10. Treatment of pressure ulcers. (NGC-0008)
    • Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR). Treatment of pressure ulcers. Rockville (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, AHCPR; 1994 Dec. 154 p. (Clinical practice guideline; no. 15). [333 references]

  11. Unstable angina: diagnosis and management. (NGC-0085)
    • Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR), National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Unstable angina: diagnosis and management. Clinical practice guideline. Rockville (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, AHCPR; 1994 Mar. 154 p. (Clinical practice guideline; no. 10).

  12. Urinary incontinence in adults: acute and chronic management. (NGC-0078)
    • Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR), Urinary Incontinence Guideline Panel. Urinary incontinence in adults: Acute and chronic management. Clinical practice guideline. Rockville (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, AHCPR; 1996 Mar. 125 p. (Clinical practice guideline; no. 2).

For more information, please refer to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Web site.

Alzheimer's Association of Los Angeles, Riverside and San Bernardino Counties

  1. Guidelines for Alzheimer's disease management. (NGC-2383)
    • California Workgroup on Guidelines for Alzheimer's Disease Management. Guidelines for Alzheimer's disease management. Los Angeles (CA): Alzheimer's Association of Los Angeles, Riverside and San Bernardino Counties; 2002 Jan 1. 52 p. [296 references]

American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology

  1. Parameters for the diagnosis and management of sinusitis. (NGC-1103)
    • Parameters for the diagnosis and management of sinusitis. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 1998 Dec;102(6 Pt 2):S107-S144. [377 references]

For more information, please refer to the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Web site.

American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

  1. Practice parameter for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with schizophrenia. (NGC-2243)
    • American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Practice parameter for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with schizophrenia. Washington (DC): American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; 2000 Jun 6. 40 p. [125 references]


    • Practice parameter for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with schizophrenia. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2001 Jul;40(7 Suppl):4S-23S. [125 references]

  2. Practice parameter for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with suicidal behavior. (NGC-2245)
    • American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Practice parameter for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with suicidal behavior. Washington (DC): American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; 2000 Oct 17. 55 p. [189 references]


    • Practice parameter for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with suicidal behavior. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2001 Jul;40(7 Suppl):24S-51S. [189 references]

  3. Practice parameter for the prevention and management of aggressive behavior in child and adolescent psychiatric institutions with special reference to seclusion and restraint. (NGC-2246)
    • American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Practice parameter for the prevention and management of aggressive behavior in child and adolescent psychiatric institutions with special reference to seclusion and restraint. Washington (DC): American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; 2001 May 13. 81 p. [124 references]


    • Practice parameter for the prevention and management of aggressive behavior in child and adolescent psychiatric institutions, with special reference to seclusion and restraint. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2002 Feb;41(2 Suppl):4S-25S. [125 references]

  4. Practice parameter for the use of stimulant medications in the treatment of children, adolescents, and adults. (NGC-2244)
    • American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Practice parameter for the use of stimulant medications in the treatment of children, adolescents and adults. Washington (DC): American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; 2001 Jun 4. 96 p. [164 references]


    • Practice parameter for the use of stimulant medications in the treatment of children, adolescents, and adults. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2002 Feb;41(2 Suppl):26S-49S. [164 references]

  5. Practice parameters for child custody evaluation. (NGC-0317)
    • Practice parameters for child custody evaluation. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1997 Oct;36(10 Suppl):57S-68S. [55 references]

  6. Practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents who are sexually abusive of others. (NGC-1368)
    • American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents who are sexually abusive of others. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Working Group on Quality Issues. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1999 Dec;38(12 Suppl):32S-54S. [145 references]

  7. Practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with conduct disorder. (NGC-0322)
    • Practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with conduct disorder. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1997 Oct;36(10 Suppl):122S-139S. [225 references]

  8. Practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with language and learning disorders. (NGC-0756)
    • Practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with language and learning disorders. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1998 Oct;37(10 Suppl):46S-62S. [130 references] PubMed

  9. Practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder. (NGC-0324)
    • Practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1998 Oct;37(10 Suppl):27S-45S. [184 references]

  10. Practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder. (NGC-0314)
    • Practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1998 Oct;37(10 Suppl):4S-26S. [99 references]

  11. Practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children, adolescents, and adults with autism and other pervasive developmental disorders. (NGC-1367)
    • American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children, adolescents, and adults with autism and other pervasive developmental disorders. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Working Group on Quality Issues. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1999 Dec;38(12 Suppl):55S-76S. [173 references]

  12. Practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children, adolescents, and adults with mental retardation and comorbid mental disorders. (NGC-1366)
    • American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children, adolescents, and adults with mental retardation and comorbid mental disorders. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Working Group on Quality Issues. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1999 Dec;38(12 Suppl):5S-31S. [117 references]

  13. Practice parameters for the forensic evaluation of children and adolescents who may have been physically or sexually abused. (NGC-0318)
    • Practice parameters for the forensic evaluation of children and adolescents who may have been physically or sexually abused. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1997 Mar;36(3):423-42. [184 references]


    • Practice parameters for the forensic evaluation of children and adolescents who may have been physically or sexually abused. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1997 Oct;36(10 Suppl):37S-56S. [184 references]

  14. Practice parameters for the psychiatric assessment of children and adolescents. (NGC-0313)
    • Practice parameters for the psychiatric assessment of children and adolescents. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1997 Oct;36(10 Suppl):4S-20S. [84 references]

  15. Practice parameters for the psychiatric assessment of infants and toddlers (0-36 months). (NGC-0315)
    • Practice parameters for the psychiatric assessment of infants and toddlers (0-36 months). J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1997 Oct;36(10 Suppl):21S-36S. [100 references]

For more information, please refer to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Web site.

American Academy of Clinical Toxicology

  1. Position statement: cathartics. (NGC-1165)
    • Barceloux D, American Academy of Clinical Toxicology, European Association of Poisons Centres and Clinical Toxicologists, McGuigan M, Hartigan-Go K. Position statement: cathartics. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 1997;35(7):743-52. [32 references] PubMed

  2. Position statement: gastric lavage. (NGC-1163)
    • Vale JA, American Academy of Clinical Toxicology, European Association of Poisons Centres and Clinical Toxicologists. Position statement: gastric lavage. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 1997;35(7):711-9. [38 references] PubMed

  3. Position statement: ipecac syrup. (NGC-1167)
    • American Academy of Clinical Toxicology, European Association of Poisons Centres and Clinical Toxicologists. Position statement: ipecac syrup. Clin Toxicol 1997;35(7):699-709. [41 references]

  4. Position statement: single-dose activated charcoal. (NGC-1164)
    • American Academy of Clinical Toxicology, European Association of Poisons Centres and Clinical Toxicologists. Position statement: single-dose activated charcoal. Clin Toxicol 1997;35(7):721-41. [112 references]

  5. Position statement: whole bowel irrigation. (NGC-1166)
    • Tenenbein M, European Association of Poisons Centres and Clinical Toxicologists. Position statement: whole bowel irrigation. European Association of Poisons Centres and Clinical Toxicologists European Association of Poisons Centres and Clinical Toxicologists. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 1997;35(7):753-62. [29 references] PubMed

For more information, please refer to the American Academy of Clinical Toxicology Web site.

American Academy of Dermatology

  1. Guidelines of care for liposuction. (NGC-1936)
    • Coleman WP 3rd, et al. Guidelines of care for liposuction. Guidelines/Outcomes Committee. J Am Acad Dermatol 2001 Sep;45(3 Pt 1):438-47. [52 references]

  2. Guidelines of care for primary cutaneous melanoma. (NGC-1967)
    • Guidelines of care for primary cutaneous melanoma. J Am Acad Dermatol 2001 Oct;45(4):579-86. [44 references]

For more information, please refer to the American Academy of Dermatology Web site.

American Academy of Family Physicians

  1. AAFP policy on antepartum oxytocin privileges. (NGC-0439)
    • 1997-1998 AAFP reference manual - clinical policies. Kansas City (MO): AAFP; 1997. AAFP policy on antepartum oxytocin priveleges. p. 8 p. [9 references]

  2. Benefits and risks of controlling blood glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. (NGC-1603)
    • American Academy of Family Physicians, American Diabetes Association. Controlling blood glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Fam Pract 2000 May;49(5):453-60. [110 references]


    • American Academy of Family Physicians. The benefits and risks of controlling blood glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. A review of the evidence and recommendations American Academy of Family Physicians, American Diabetes Association. Leawood (KS): American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP); 1999 Apr.

  3. Management of minor closed head injury in children. (NGC-1498)
    • American Academy of Pediatrics, American Academy of Family Physicians. Management of minor closed head injury in children. Pediatrics 1999 Dec;104(6):1407-15. [31 references]

For more information, please refer to the American Academy of Family Physicians Web site.

American Academy of Neurology

  1. Assessment of brain SPECT. (NGC-0640)
    • American Academy of Neurology. Assessment of brain SPECT. Neurology 1996 Jan;46(1):278-85. [97 references] PubMed

  2. Assessment of digital EEG, quantitative EEG, and EEG brain mapping. (NGC-0651)
    • American Academy of Neurology, American Clinical Neurophysiology Society. Assessment of digital EEG, quantitative EEG, and EEG brain mapping. Neurology 1997 Jul;49(1):277-92. [325 references] PubMed

  3. Assessment of plasmapheresis. (NGC-0647)
    • Assessment of plasmapheresis. Report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology 1996 Sep;47(3):840-3. [33 references] PubMed

  4. Assessment: clinical autonomic testing. (NGC-0641)

    • Assessment: dermatomal somatosensory evoked potentials. (NGC-0653)
      • American Academy of Neurology, Therapeutics and Technology Assessments Subcommittee. Assessment: dermatomal somatosensory evoked potentials. Neurology 1997 Oct;49(4):1127-30. [325 references] PubMed

    • Assessment: electronystagmography. (NGC-0643)
      • Assessment: electronystagmography. Report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee. Neurology 1996 Jun;46(6):1763-6. [9 references] PubMed

    • Assessment: melodic intonation therapy. (NGC-0630)
      • American Academy of Neurology, Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee. Assessment: melodic intonation therapy. Neurology 1994 Mar;44(3 Pt 1):566-8. [27 references] PubMed

    • Assessment: Neurologic risk of immunization. Report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. (NGC-2050)
      • Fenichel GM. Assessment: Neurologic risk of immunization: report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology 1999 May 12;52(8):1546-52. [30 references] PubMed

    • Assessment: neurological evaluation of male sexual dysfunction. (NGC-0639)
      • Assessment: neurological evaluation of male sexual dysfunction. Report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology 1995 Dec;45(12):2287-92. [77 references] PubMed

    • Assessment: neuropsychological testing of adults. Considerations for neurologists. (NGC-0645)
      • Assessment: neuropsychological testing of adults. Considerations for neurologists. Report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology 1996 Aug;47(2):592-9. [57 references] PubMed

    • Evaluation and management of intracranial mass lesions in AIDS. (NGC-0654)
      • American Academy of Neurology, Quality Standards Subcommittee. Evaluation and management of intracranial mass lesions in AIDS. Neurology 1998 Jan;50(1):21-6. [52 references] PubMed

    • Evaluation of surgery for Parkinson's disease. A report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. The Task Force on Surgery for Parkinson's Disease. (NGC-2056)
      • Hallett M, Litvan I. Evaluation of surgery for Parkinson's disease: a report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. The Task Force on Surgery for Parkinson's Disease. Neurology 1999 Dec 10;53(9):1910-21. [109 references]

    • Practice advisory on selection of patients with multiple sclerosis for treatment with Betaseron. (NGC-0633)
      • Practice advisory on selection of patients with multiple sclerosis for treatment with Betaseron. Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology 1994 Aug;44(8):1537-40. [15 references] PubMed

    • Practice advisory on the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis with riluzole. (NGC-0652)
      • American Academy of Neurology, Quality Standards Subcommittee. Practice advisory on the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis with riluzole. Neurology 1997 Sep;49(3):657-9. [325 references] PubMed

    • Practice advisory: thrombolytic therapy for acute ischemic stroke. (NGC-0646)
      • Practice advisory: thrombolytic therapy for acute ischemic stroke-- summary statement. Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology 1996 Sep;47(3):835-9. [6 references] PubMed

    • Practice parameter: carpal tunnel syndrome. (NGC-0629)
      • American Academy of Neurology, Quality Standards Subcommittee. Practice parameter for carpal tunnel syndrome (summary statement). Neurology 1993 Nov;43(11):2406-9. [27 references] PubMed

    • Practice parameter: diagnosis of patients with nervous system Lyme borreliosis (Lyme disease). (NGC-0642)
      • Practice parameter: Diagnosis of patients with nervous system Lyme borreliosis (Lyme disease)-Summary statement. Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology 1996 Mar;46(3):881-2. [1 reference] PubMed

    • Practice parameter: electrodiagnostic studies in carpal tunnel syndrome. (NGC-2515)
      • American Association of Electrodiagnostic Medicine, American Academy of Neurology, American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Practice parameter for electrodiagnostic studies in carpal tunnel syndrome: summary statement. Muscle Nerve 2002 June;25:918-22. [6 references]


      • Jablecki CK, Andary MT, Floeter MK, Miller RG, Quartly CA, Vennix MJ, Wilson JR. Practice parameter: Electrodiagnostic studies in carpal tunnel syndrome: Report of the American Association of Electrodiagnostic Medicine, American Academy of Neurology, and the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Neurology 2002 Jun 11;58(11):1589-92. [6 references] PubMed

    • Practice parameter: evidence-based guidelines for migraine headache (an evidence-based review). Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. (NGC-2046)
      • Silberstein SD. Practice parameter: evidence-based guidelines for migraine headache (an evidence-based review): report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology 2000 Sep 26;55(6):754-62. [14 references] PubMed

    • Practice parameter: management issues for women with epilepsy. Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. (NGC-2053)
      • American Academy of Neurology. Practice parameter: management issues for women with epilepsy (summary statement). Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Epilepsia 1998 Nov;39(11):1226-31. PubMed


      • American Academy of Neurology. Practice parameter: management issues for women with epilepsy (summary statement). Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology 1998 Oct;51(4):944-8. PubMed

    • Practice parameter: neuroimaging in the emergency patient presenting with seizure. (NGC-0644)
      • Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology, American College of Emergency Physicians, American Association of Neurological Surgeons, American Society of Neuroradiology. Practice parameter: neuroimaging in the emergency patient present with seizure. Neurology 1996 Jul;47(1):288-91. PubMed

    • Practice parameter: the electroencephalogram in the evaluation of headache. (NGC-0638)
      • Practice parameter: the electroencephalogram in the evaluation of headache. Neurology 1995 Jul;45(7):1411-3. [1 reference]

    • Practice parameter: the management of concussion in sports. (NGC-0649)
      • American Academy of Neurology, Quality Standards Subcommittee. Practice parameter: the management of concussion in sports (summary statement). Neurology 1997 Mar;48(3):581-5. [66 references] PubMed

    • Practice parameter: the role of corticosteroids in the management of acute monosymptomatic optic neuritis. Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. (NGC-2057)
      • Kaufman DI, Trobe JD, Eggenberger ER, Whitaker JN. Practice parameter: the role of corticosteroids in the management of acute monosymptomatic optic neuritis. Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology 2000 Jun 13;54(11):2039-44. [91 references]

    • Practice parameter: treatment of Parkinson disease with motor fluctuations and dyskinesia (an evidence-based review). Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. (NGC-4938)
      • Pahwa R, Factor SA, Lyons KE, Ondo WG, Gronseth G, Bronte-Stewart H, Hallett M, Miyasaki J, Stevens J, Weiner WJ, Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Practice parameter: treatment of Parkinson disease with motor fluctuations and dyskinesia (an evidence-based review): report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology 2006 Apr 11;66(7):983-95. [59 references] PubMed

    • Practice parameters for determining brain death in adults. (NGC-0636)
      • Practice parameters for determining brain death in adults (summary statement). The Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology [comment]. Neurology 1995 May;45(5):1012-4. PubMed

    • Practice parameters: magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of low back syndrome. (NGC-0631)
      • American Academy of Neurology, Quality Standards Subcommittee. Practice parameters: magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of low back syndrome (summary statement). Neurology 1994 Apr;44(4):767-70. [27 references] PubMed

    • Review of the literature on spinal ultrasound for the evaluation of back pain and radicular disorders. (NGC-0655)
      • American Academy of Neurology, Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee. Review of the literature on spinal ultrasound for the evaluation of back pain and radicular disorders. Report of the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology 1998 Aug;51(2):343-4. [12 references] PubMed

    • Silicone breast implants and neurologic disorders. (NGC-0650)
      • Ferguson JH. Silicone breast implants and neurologic disorders. Report of the Practice Committee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology 1997 Jun;48(6):1504-7. [16 references] PubMed

    • The utility of neuroimaging in the evaluation of headache in patients with normal neurological examinations. (NGC-0632)
      • American Academy of Neurology, Quality Standards Subcommittee. Practice parameter: the utility of neuroimaging in the evaluation of headache in patients with normal neurologic examinations (summary statement). Neurology 1994 Jul;44(7):1353-4. [27 references] PubMed

    For more information, please refer to the American Academy of Neurology Web site.

    American Academy of Ophthalmology

    1. Conjunctivitis (NGC-0403)
    2. Corneal opacification and ectasia. (NGC-1883)
      • American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO). Corneal opacification and ectasia. San Francisco (CA): American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO); 2000 Sep. 21 p. [27 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American Academy of Ophthalmology Web site.

    American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

    1. AAOS clinical guideline on knee injury. (NGC-2223)
      • American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. AAOS clinical guideline on knee injury: support document. Rosemont (IL): American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; 2001. 6 p. [48 references]

    2. AAOS clinical guideline on shoulder pain. (NGC-2224)
      • American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. AAOS clinical guideline on shoulder pain: support document. Rosemont (IL): American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; 2001. 23 p. [130 references]

    3. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) clinical guideline on low back pain/sciatica (acute) (phases I and II). (NGC-3672)
      • American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS). AAOS clinical guideline on low back pain/sciatica (acute) (phases I and II). Rosemont (IL): American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS); 2002. 43 p. [340 references]

    4. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) clinical guideline on sub-acute (non-traumatic) hip pain in adults (>50 years of age). (NGC-3671)
      • American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS). AAOS clinical guideline on sub-acute (non-traumatic) hip pain in adults (>50 years of age). Rosemont (IL): American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS); 2002. 13 p. [35 references]

    5. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) clinical guideline on wrist pain - phase I. (NGC-3673)
      • American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS). AAOS clinical guideline on wrist pain - phase I. Rosemont (IL): American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS); 2002. 15 p. [79 references]

    6. Clinical guideline on ankle injury. (NGC-0935)
      • American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Clinical guideline on ankle injury. Rosemont (IL): American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; 1997. 7 p. [34 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Web site.

    American Academy of Otolaryngic Allergy

    1. Allergic rhinitis: clinical practice guideline. (NGC-1349)
      • American Academy of Otolaryngic Allergy, Fornadley JA, Corey JP, Osguthorpe JD, Powell JP, Emanuel IA, Watson TA, Hurst DS, Bryant JL, Pershall KE, Renfro BL. Allergic rhinitis: clinical practice guideline. Committee on Practice Standards, American Academy of Otolaryngic Allergy. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1996 Jul;115(1):115-22. [105 references] PubMed

    For more information, please refer to the American Academy of Otolaryngic Allergy Web site.

    American Academy of Pediatrics

    1. Assessment of maltreatment of children with disabilities. (NGC-2311)
      • American Academy of Pediatrics: Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect and Committee on Children With Disabilities. Assessment of maltreatment of children with disabilities. Pediatrics 2001 Aug;108(2):508-12. [20 references]

    2. Care of the adolescent sexual assault victim. (NGC-2308)
      • Kaplan DW, Feinstein RA, Fisher MM, Klein JD, Olmedo LF, Rome ES, Samuel Yancy W, Adams Hillard PJ, Sacks D, Pearson G, Frankowski BL, Piazza Hurley T. Care of the adolescent sexual assault victim. Pediatrics 2001 Jun;107(6):1476-9. [56 references]

    3. Circumcision policy statement. (NGC-1065)
      • American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), Task Force on Circumcision. Circumcision policy statement (RE9850). Pediatrics 1999 Mar;103(3):686-93. [119 references] PubMed

    4. Clinical practice guideline: diagnosis and evaluation of the child with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. (NGC-1506)
      • American Academy of Pediatrics. Clinical practice guideline: diagnosis and evaluation of the child with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Pediatrics 2000 May;105(5):1158-70. [60 references]

    5. Clinical practice guideline: diagnosis and management of childhood obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. (NGC-2431)
      • American Academy of Pediatrics, Subcommittee on Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome, Section on Pediatric Pulmonology. Clinical practice guideline: diagnosis and management of childhood obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Pediatrics 2002 Apr;109(4):704-12. [63 references] PubMed

    6. Clinical practice guideline: early detection of developmental dysplasia of the hip. (NGC-1786)
      • American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). Clinical practice guideline: early detection of developmental dysplasia of the hip. Committee on Quality Improvement, Subcommittee on Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip. American Academy of Pediatrics. Pediatrics 2000 Apr;105(4 Pt 1):896-905. [44 references]

    7. Clinical practice guideline: management of sinusitis. (NGC-2162)
      • Clinical practice guideline: management of sinusitis. Pediatrics 2001 Sep;108(3):798-808. [79 references]

    8. Clinical practice guideline: treatment of the school-aged child with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. (NGC-2298)
      • American Academy of Pediatrics. Clinical practice guidelines: treatment of the school-aged child with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Pediatrics 2001 Oct;108(4):1033-44. [62 references]

    9. Death of a child in the emergency department: joint statement by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American College of Emergency Physicians. (NGC-4294)
      • American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Pediatric Emergency Medicine, American College of Emergency Physicians Pediatric Emergency Medicine Committee. Death of a child in the emergency department: joint statement by the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American College of Emergency Physicians. Pediatrics 2002 Oct;110(4):839-40. PubMed

    10. Evaluation and preparation of pediatric patients undergoing anesthesia. (NGC-0999)
      • American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), Section on Anesthesiology. Evaluation and preparation of pediatric patients undergoing anesthesia. Pediatrics 1996 Sep;98(3 Pt 1):502-8. [54 references] PubMed

    11. Evaluation of the newborn with developmental anomalies of the external genitalia. (NGC-1996)
      • Evaluation of the newborn with developmental anomalies of the external genitalia. American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Genetics. Pediatrics 2000 Jul;106(1 Pt 1):138-42. [9 references]

    12. Folic acid for the prevention of neural tube defects. (NGC-2000)
      • Folic acid for the prevention of neural tube defects. American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Genetics. Pediatrics 1999 Aug;104(2 Pt 1):325-7. [18 references]

    13. Guidelines for ophthalmologic examinations in children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. (NGC-0998)
      • American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), Section on Rheumatology and Section on Ophthalmology. Guidelines for ophthalmologic examinations in children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Pediatrics 1993 Aug;92(2):295-6. [10 references] PubMed

    14. Guidelines for referral to pediatric surgical specialists. (NGC-2646)
      • Guidelines for referral to pediatric surgical specialists. Pediatrics 2002 Jul;110(1 Pt 1):187-91. PubMed

    15. Guidelines for the pediatric perioperative anesthesia environment. (NGC-1000)
      • American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), Section on Anesthesiology. Guidelines for the pediatric perioperative anesthesia environment. Pediatrics 1999 Feb;103(2):512-5. [36 references] PubMed

    16. Head lice. (NGC-2678)
      • Frankowski BL, Weiner LB. Head lice. Pediatrics 2002 Sep;110(3):638-43. [46 references] PubMed

    17. Health supervision for children with Down syndrome. (NGC-2004)
      • American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Genetics. Health supervision for children with down syndrome. Pediatrics 2001 Feb;107(2):442-9. [23 references]

    18. Helping children and families deal with divorce and separation. (NGC-2755)
      • Cohen GJ. Helping children and families deal with divorce and separation. Pediatrics 2002 Nov;110(5):1019-23. [38 references] PubMed

    19. Identification and care of HIV-exposed and HIV-infected infants, children, and adolescents in foster care. (NGC-1997)
      • Identification and care of HIV-exposed and HIV-infected infants, children, and adolescents in foster care. American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Pediatric AIDS. Pediatrics 2000 Jul;106(1 Pt 1):149-53. [38 references]

    20. Immunizations for Native American children. (NGC-1360)
      • American Academy of Pediatrics, Comm on Native American Child Health and Comm on Infectious Dis. Immunizations for Native American children. Pediatrics 1999 Sep;104(3 Pt 1):564-7. [21 references] PubMed

    21. Infection control in physicians' offices. (NGC-1995)
      • Infection control in physicians' offices. American Academy of Pediatrics. The American Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Pediatrics 2000 Jun;105(6):1361-9. [44 references]

    22. Managing otitis media with effusion in young children. (NGC-0119)
      • Managing otitis media with effusion in young children. Pediatrics 1994 Nov;94(5):766-73. [13 references]

    23. Maternal phenylketonuria. (NGC-2003)
      • American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Genetics. Maternal phenylketonuria. Pediatrics 2001 Feb;107(2):427-8. [19 references]

    24. Meningococcal disease prevention and control strategies for practice-based physicians (Addendum: recommendations for college students). (NGC-2001)
      • American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Infectious Diseases. Meningococcal disease prevention and control strategies for practice-based physicians (Addendum: recommendations for college students). Pediatrics 2000 Dec;106(6):1500-4. [26 references]

    25. Newborn and infant hearing loss: detection and intervention. (NGC-1382)
      • Newborn and infant hearing loss: Detection and intervention. Pediatrics 1999 Feb;103(2):527-30. [30 references]

    26. Perinatal care at the threshold of viability. (NGC-2754)
      • MacDonald H. Perinatal care at the threshold of viability. Pediatrics 2002 Nov;110(5):1024-7. [26 references] PubMed

    27. Policy statement: recommendations for the prevention of pneumococcal infections, including the use of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (Prevnar), pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine, and antibiotic prophylaxis. (NGC-1999)
      • Policy statement: recommendations for the prevention of pneumococcal infections, including the use of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (Prevnar), pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine, and antibiotic prophylaxis. Pediatrics 2000 Aug;106(2 Pt 1):362-6. [73 references]

    28. Postnatal corticosteroids to treat or prevent chronic lung disease in preterm infants. (NGC-2401)
      • Postnatal corticosteroids to treat or prevent chronic lung disease in preterm infants. Pediatrics 2002 Feb;109(2):330-8. [48 references]

    29. Practice parameter: long-term treatment of the child with simple febrile seizures. (NGC-1183)
      • Practice parameter: long-term treatment of the child with simple febrile seizures. American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Quality Improvement, Subcommittee on Febrile Seizures. Pediatrics 1999 Jun;103(6 Pt 1):1307-9. [17 references] PubMed

    30. Practice parameter: the management of acute gastroenteritis in young children. (NGC-0120)
      • Practice parameter: the management of acute gastroenteritis in young children. Pediatrics 1996 Mar;97(3):424-35. [85 references]

    31. Practice parameter: the neurodiagnostic evaluation of the child with a first simple febrile seizure. (NGC-0436)
      • Practice parameter: the neurodiagnostic evaluation of the child with a first simple febrile seizure. Pediatrics 1996 May;97(5):769-72. [15 references] PubMed

    32. Prevention of Lyme disease. (NGC-1993)
      • American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Infectious Diseases. Prevention of Lyme disease. Pediatrics 2000 Jan;105(1 Pt 1):142-7. [46 references]

    33. Prevention of poliomyelitis: Recommendations for use of only inactivated poliovirus vaccine for routine immunization. (NGC-1990)
      • Prevention of poliomyelitis: recommendations for use of only inactivated poliovirus vaccine for routine immunization. Committee on Infectious Diseases. American Academy of Pediatrics. Pediatrics 1999 Dec;104(6):1404-6. [12 references]

    34. Recommendations for influenza immunization of children. (NGC-3501)
      • American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Infectious Diseases. Recommendations for influenza immunization of children. Pediatrics 2004 May;113(5):1441-7. PubMed

    35. Reduction of the influenza burden in children. (NGC-2753)
      • Reduction of the influenza burden in children. Pediatrics 2002 Dec;110(6):1246-52. [58 references] PubMed

    36. Smallpox vaccine. (NGC-2677)
      • American Academy of Pediatrics. Smallpox vaccine. Pediatrics 2002 Oct;110(4):841-5. [18 references] PubMed

    37. The diagnosis, treatment, and evaluation of the initial urinary tract infection in febrile infants and young children. (NGC-1064)
      • American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). The diagnosis, treatment, and evaluation of the initial urinary tract infection in febrile infants and young children. Pediatrics 1999 Apr;103(4 Pt 1):843-52. [54 references] PubMed

    38. The pediatrician's role in the diagnosis and management of autistic spectrum disorder in children. (NGC-2025)
      • Technical report: the pediatrician's role in the diagnosis and management of autistic spectrum disorder in children. Pediatrics 2001 May;107(5):E85. [70 references]

    39. Timing of elective surgery on the genitalia of male children with particular reference to the risks, benefits, and psychological effects of surgery and anesthesia. (NGC-1002)
      • American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). Timing of elective surgery on the genitalia of male children with particular reference to the risks, benefits, and psychological effects of surgery and anesthesia. Pediatrics 1996 Apr;97(4):590-4. [35 references] PubMed

    40. Use of inhaled nitric oxide. (NGC-1824)
      • American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Fetus and Newborn. Use of inhaled nitric oxide. Pediatrics 2000 Aug;106(2 Pt 1):344-5. [21 references]

    41. Use of photoscreening for children's vision screening. (NGC-2400)
      • Use of photoscreening for children's vision screening. Pediatrics 2002 Mar;109(3):524-5. [15 references]

    42. Varicella vaccine update. (NGC-1992)
      • American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on Infectious Diseases. Varicella vaccine update. Pediatrics 2000 Jan;105(1 Pt 1):136-41. [34 references]

    43. When inflicted skin injuries constitute child abuse. (NGC-2679)
      • When inflicted skin injuries constitute child abuse. Pediatrics 2002 Sep;110(3):644-5. [20 references] PubMed

    For more information, please refer to the American Academy of Pediatrics Web site.

    American Academy of Periodontology

    1. Parameter on "refractory" periodontitis. (NGC-1553)
      • American Academy of Periodontology. Parameter on "refractory" periodontitis. J Periodontol 2000 May;71(5 Suppl):859-60. [26 references]

    2. Parameter on acute periodontal diseases. (NGC-1555)
      • American Academy of Periodontology. Parameter on acute periodontal diseases. J Periodontol 2000 May;71(5 Suppl):863-6. [7 references]

    3. Parameter on aggressive periodontitis. (NGC-1556)
      • American Academy of Periodontology. Parameter on aggressive periodontitis. J Periodontol 2000 May;71(5 Suppl):867-9. [34 references]

    4. Parameter on chronic periodontitis with advanced loss of periodontal support. (NGC-1552)
      • American Academy of Periodontology. Parameter on chronic periodontitis with advanced loss of periodontal support. J Periodontol 2000 May;71(5 Suppl):856-8. [26 references]

    5. Parameter on chronic periodontitis with slight to moderate loss of periodontal support. (NGC-1551)
      • American Academy of Periodontology. Parameter on chronic periodontitis with slight to moderate loss of periodontal support. J Periodontol 2000 May;71(5 Suppl):853-5. [27 references]

    6. Parameter on comprehensive periodontal examination. (NGC-1548)
      • American Academy of Periodontology. Parameter on comprehensive periodontal examination. J Periodontol 2000 May;71(5 Suppl):847-8. [28 references]

    7. Parameter on mucogingival conditions. (NGC-1554)
      • American Academy of Periodontology. Parameter on mucogingival conditions. J Periodontol 2000 May;71(5 Suppl):861-2. [16 references]

    8. Parameter on occlusal traumatism in patients with chronic periodontitis. (NGC-1558)
      • American Academy of Periodontology. Parameter on occlusal traumatism in patients with chronic periodontitis. J Periodontol 2000 May;71(5 Suppl):873-5. [14 references]

    9. Parameter on periodontal maintenance. (NGC-1549)
      • American Academy of Periodontology. Parameter on periodontal maintenance. J Periodontol 2000 May;71(5 Suppl):849-50. [19 references]

    10. Parameter on periodontitis associated with systemic conditions. (NGC-1559)
      • American Academy of Periodontology. Parameter on periodontitis associated with systemic conditions. J Periodontol 2000 May;71(5 Suppl):876-9. [42 references]

    11. Parameter on placement and management of the dental implant. (NGC-1557)
      • American Academy of Periodontology. Parameter on placement and management of the dental implant. J Periodontol 2000 May;71 (5 Suppl):870-2. [20 references]

    12. Parameter on plaque-induced gingivitis. (NGC-1550)
      • American Academy of Periodontology. Parameter on plaque-induced gingivitis. J Periodontol 2000 May;71(5 Suppl):851-2. [15 references]

    13. Parameter on supportive periodontal treatment (SPT). (NGC-0981)
      • American Academy of Periodontology (AAP). Parameters of care. Chicago (IL): American Academy of Periodontology; 1996 Oct. Parameter on supportive periodontal treatment (SPT). p. 20-3. [16 references]

    14. Parameter on systemic conditions affected by periodontal diseases. (NGC-1560)
      • American Academy of Periodontology. Parameter on systemic conditions affected by periodontal diseases. J Periodontol 2000 May;71(5 Suppl):880-3. [47 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American Academy of Periodontology Web site.

    American Academy of Sleep Medicine

    1. Practice parameters for the evaluation of chronic insomnia. (NGC-1502)
      • American Academy of Sleep Medicine. Practice parameters for the evaluation of chronic insomnia. Sleep 2000 Mar 15;23(2):237-41. [40 references]

    2. Practice parameters for the nonpharmacologic treatment of chronic insomnia. (NGC-1501)
      • American Academy of Sleep Medicine. Practice parameters for the nonpharmacologic treatment of chronic insomnia. Sleep 1999 Dec 15;22(8):1128-33. [10 references]

    3. Practice parameters for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in adults: the efficacy of surgical modifications of the upper airway. (NGC-0901)
      • American Sleep Disorders Association. Practice parameters for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in adults: the efficacy of surgical modifications of the upper airway. Sleep - Europe 1996 Feb;19(2):152-5. [6 references] PubMed

    4. Practice parameters for the treatment of restless legs syndrome and periodic limb movement disorder. (NGC-1500)
      • American Academy of Sleep Medicine. Practice parameters for the treatment of restless legs syndrome and periodic limb movement disorder. Sleep 1999 Nov 1;22(7):961-8. [33 references]

    5. Practice parameters for the use of laser-assisted uvulopalatoplasty: an update for 2000. (NGC-2158)
      • Littner M, Kushida CA, Hartse K, Anderson WM, Davila D, Johnson SF, Wise MS, Hirshkowitz M, Woodson BT. Practice parameters for the use of laser-assisted uvulopalatoplasty: an update for 2000. Sleep 2001 Aug 1;24(5):603-19. [57 references]

    6. Practice parameters for the use of light therapy in the treatment of sleep disorders. (NGC-1499)
      • American Academy of Sleep Medicine. Practice parameters for the use of light therapy in the treatment of sleep disorders. Sleep 1999 Aug 1;22(5):641-60. [49 references] PubMed

    7. Practice parameters for the use of portable recording in the assessment of obstructive sleep apnea. (NGC-0896)
      • American Sleep Disorders Association. Practice parameters for the use of portable recording in the assessment of obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep - Europe 1994 Jun;17(4):372-7. PubMed

    For more information, please refer to the American Academy of Sleep Medicine Web site.

    American Association for Respiratory Care

    1. Assessing response to bronchodilator therapy at point of care (NGC-0375)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. Assessing response to bronchodilator therapy at point of care. Respir Care 1995 Dec;40(12):1300-7. [67 references]

    2. Blood gas analysis and hemoximetry: 2001 revision and update. (NGC-2068)
      • Blood gas analysis and hemoximetry: 2001 revision and update. Respir Care 2001 May;46(5):498-505. [34 references]

    3. Body plethysmography: 2001 revision and update. (NGC-2069)
      • Body plethysmography: 2001 revision and update. Respir Care 2001 May;46(5):506-13. [48 references]

    4. Capillary blood gas sampling for neonatal and pediatric patients. (NGC-0371)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. Capillary blood gas sampling for neonatal & pediatric patients. Respir Care 1994 Dec;39(12):1180-3. [30 references]

    5. Defibrillation during resuscitation. (NGC-0372)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. Defibrillation during resuscitation. Respir Care 1995 Jul;40(7):744-8. [50 references]

    6. Delivery of aerosols to the upper airway. (NGC-0363)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. Delivery of aerosols to the upper airway. Respir Care 1994 Aug;39(8):803-7. [25 references]

    7. Directed cough (NGC-0343)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. Directed cough. Respir Care 1993 May;38(5):495-9. [22 references]

    8. Discharge planning for the respiratory care patient (NGC-0376)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. Discharge planning for the respiratory care patient. Respir Care 1995 Dec;40(12):1308-12. [43 references]

    9. Endotracheal suctioning of mechanically ventilated adults and children with artificial airways (NGC-0347)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. Endotracheal suctioning of mechanically ventilated adults and children with artificial airways. Respir Care 1993 May;38(5):500-4. [33 references]

    10. Exercise testing for evaluation of hypoxemia and/or desaturation: 2001 revision and update. (NGC-2070)
      • Exercise testing for evaluation of hypoxemia and/or desaturation: 2001 Revision & Update. Respir Care 2001 May;46(5):514-22. [74 references]

    11. Humidification during mechanical ventilation. (NGC-0356)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. Humidification during mechanical ventilation. Respir Care 1992 Aug;37(8):887-90. [39 references]

    12. In-hospital transport of the mechanically ventilated patient: 2002 revision and update. (NGC-2473)
      • Chang DW. AARC Clinical Practice Guideline: in-hospital transport of the mechanically ventilated patient--2002 revision & update. Respir Care 2002 Jun;47(6):721-3. [27 references] PubMed

    13. In-vitro pH and blood gas analysis and hemoximetry (NGC-0344)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. In-vitro pH and blood gas analysis and hemoximetry. Respir Care 1993 May;38(5):505-10. [25 references]

    14. Incentive spirometry. (NGC-0348)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. Incentive spirometry. Respir Care 1991 Dec;36(12):1402-5. [25 references]

    15. Infant/toddler pulmonary function tests. (NGC-0373)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. Infant/toddler pulmonary function tests. Respir Care 1995 Jul;40(7):761-8. [36 references]

    16. Long-term invasive mechanical ventilation in the home (NGC-0377)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. Long-term invasive mechanical ventilation in the home. Respir Care 1995 Dec;40(12):1313-20. [86 references]

    17. Management of airway emergencies (NGC-0374)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. Management of airway emergencies. Respir Care 1995 Jul;40(7):749-60. [186 references]

    18. Methacholine challenge testing: 2001 revision and update. (NGC-2071)
      • Methacholine challenge testing: 2001 Revision & Update. Respir Care 2001 May;46(5):523-30. [53 references]

    19. Neonatal time-triggered, pressure-limited, time-cycled mechanical ventilation. (NGC-0364)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. Neonatal time-triggered, pressure-limited, time-cycled mechanical ventilation. Respir Care 1994 Aug;39(8):808-16. [117 references]

    20. Oxygen therapy for adults in the acute care facility: 2002 revision and update. (NGC-2474)
      • Kallstrom TJ. AARC Clinical Practice Guideline: oxygen therapy for adults in the acute care facility--2002 revision & update. Respir Care 2002 Jun;47(6):717-20. [33 references] PubMed

    21. Oxygen therapy in the home or extended care facility. (NGC-0354)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. Oxygen therapy in the home or extended care facility. Respir Care 1992 Aug;37(8):918-22. [25 references]

    22. Patient-ventilator system checks (NGC-0342)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. Patient-ventilator system checks. Respir Care 1992 Aug;37(8):882-6. [22 references]

    23. Polysomnography (NGC-0380)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC), Association of Polysomnography Technologists (APT). AARC-APT clinical practice guideline. Polysomnography. Respir Care 1995 Dec;40(12):1336-43. [34 references]

    24. Postural drainage therapy. (NGC-0349)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. Postural drainage therapy. Respir Care 1991 Dec;36(12):1418-26. [64 references]

    25. Pulmonary rehabilitation. (NGC-2437)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline: pulmonary rehabilitation. Dallas (TX): American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC); 2002. 9 p. [107 references]

    26. Pulse oximetry. (NGC-0352)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. Pulse oximetry. Respir Care 1991 Dec;36(12):1406-9. [34 references]

    27. Selection of a device for the delivery of aerosol to the lung parenchyma (NGC-0382)
      • American Association of Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. Selection of a device for delivery of aerosol to the lung parenchyma. Respir Care 1996 Jul;41(7):647-53. [62 references]

    28. Selection of aerosol delivery device. (NGC-0351)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. Selection of aerosol delivery service. Respir Care 1992 Aug;37(8):891-7. [69 references]

    29. Selection of an aerosol delivery device for neonatal and pediatric patients (NGC-0379)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. Selection of an aerosol delivery device for neonatal and pediatric patients. Respir Care 1995 Dec;40(12):1325-51. [114 references]

    30. Selection of an oxygen delivery device for neonatal and pediatric patients: 2002 revision and update. (NGC-2475)
      • Myers TR. AARC Clinical Practice Guideline: selection of an oxygen delivery device for neonatal and pediatric patients--2002 revision & update. Respir Care 2002 Jun;47(6):707-16. [97 references] PubMed

    31. Selection of device, administration of bronchodilator, and evaluation of response to therapy in mechanically ventilated patients. (NGC-0996)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). Selection of device, administration of bronchodilator, and evaluation of response to therapy in mechanically ventilated patients. Respir Care 1999 Jan;44(1):105-13. [76 references]

    32. Single-breath carbon monoxide diffusing capacity, 1999 update. (NGC-0993)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). Single-breath carbon monoxide diffusing capacity, 1999 update. Respir Care 1999 Jan;44(1):91-8. [35 references]

    33. Spirometry, 1996 update. (NGC-0339)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. Spirometry, 1996 update. Respir Care 1996 Jul;41(7):629-36. [34 references]

    34. Static lung volumes: 2001 revision and update. (NGC-2072)
      • Static lung volumes: 2001 Revision & Update. Respir Care 2001 May 1;46(5):531-39. [41 references]

    35. Suctioning of the patient in the home. (NGC-0995)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). Suctioning of the patient in the home. Respir Care 1999 Jan;44(1):99-104. [29 references]

    36. Surfactant replacement therapy. (NGC-0366)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. Surfactant replacement therapy. Respir Care 1994 Aug;39(8):824-9. [62 references]

    37. Use of positive airway pressure adjuncts to bronchial hygiene therapy (NGC-0345)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. Use of positive airway pressure adjuncts to bronchial hygiene therapy. Respir Care 1993 May;38(5):516-21. [45 references]

    38. Ventilator circuit changes. (NGC-0367)
      • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC). AARC clinical practice guideline. Ventilator circuit changes. Respir Care 1994 Aug;39(8):797-802. [38 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American Association for Respiratory Care Web site.

    American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases

    1. Diagnosis and management of hemochromatosis. (NGC-2674)
      • Tavill AS. Diagnosis and management of hemochromatosis. Hepatology 2001 May;33(5):1321-8. [50 references] PubMed

    2. Diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune hepatitis. (NGC-2673)
      • Czaja AJ, Freese DK. Diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune hepatitis. Hepatology 2002 Aug;36(2):479-97. [216 references] PubMed

    3. Laboratory guidelines for screening, diagnosis, and monitoring of hepatic injury. (NGC-2746)
      • Dufour DR, Lott JA, Nolte FS, Gretch DR, Koff RS, Seeff LB. Diagnosis and monitoring of hepatic injury. I. Performance characteristics of laboratory tests. Clin Chem 2000 Dec;46(12):2027-49. [266 references] PubMed


      • Dufour DR, Lott JA, Nolte FS, Gretch DR, Koff RS, Seeff LB. Diagnosis and monitoring of hepatic injury. II. Recommendations for use of laboratory tests in screening, diagnosis, and monitoring. Clin Chem 2000 Dec;46(12):2050-68. [220 references] PubMed

    4. Management of primary biliary cirrhosis. (NGC-2671)
      • Heathcote EJ. Management of primary biliary cirrhosis. The American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases practice guidelines. Hepatology 2000 Apr;31(4):1005-13. [105 references] PubMed

    American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists

    1. AACE medical guidelines for clinical practice for the diagnosis and treatment of dyslipidemia and prevention of atherogenesis. (NGC-1425)
      • American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. AACE medical guidelines for clinical practice for the diagnosis and treatment of dyslipidemia and prevention of atherogenesis. Endocr Pract 2000 Mar-Apr;6(2):162-213. [351 references]

    2. AACE medical guidelines for clinical practice for the diagnosis and treatment of hyperandrogenic disorders. (NGC-2073)
      • AACE medical guidelines for clinical practice for the diagnosis and treatment of hyperandrogenic disorders. Endocr Pract 2001 Mar;7(2):120-134. [86 references]

    3. AACE/AAES medical/surgical guidelines for clinical practice: management of thyroid carcinoma. (NGC-2074)
      • AACE/AAES medical/surgical guidelines for clinical practice: management of thyroid carcinoma. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. American College of Endocrinology. Endocr Pract 2001 May-Jun;7(3):202-20. [113 references]


      • American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, American College of Endocrinologists, American Association of Endocrine Surgeons. AACE/AAES medical/surgical guidelines for clinical practice: management of thyroid carcinoma. Jacksonville (FL): American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE); 2001. 19 p. [113 references]

    4. AACE/ACE position statement on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of obesity. (NGC-0976)
      • American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE), American College of Endocrinology (ACE). AACE/ACE position statement on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of obesity (1998 revision). Jacksonville (FL): American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists; 1998. 35 p. [270 references]

    5. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists medical guidelines for clinical practice for the evaluation and treatment of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. (NGC-2751)
      • AACE Thyroid Task Force. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists medical guidelines for clinical practice for the evaluation and treatment of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Endocr Pract 2002 Nov-Dec;8(6):457-69. [46 references]

    6. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists medical guidelines for clinical practice for the evaluation and treatment of hypogonadism in adult male patients--2002 update. (NGC-2750)
      • AACE Hypogonadism Task Force. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists medical guidelines for clinical practice for the evaluation and treatment of hypogonadism in adult male patients--2002 update. Endocr Pract 2002 Nov-Dec;8(6):439-56. [77 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists Web site.

    American Association of Critical-Care Nurses

    1. Family visitation and partnership in the critical care unit. (NGC-1147)
      • Family visitation and partnership in the critical care unit. Aliso Viejo (CA): American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN); 1997. 46 p. [33 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses Web site.

    American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine

    1. Practice parameter for repetitive nerve stimulation and single fiber EMG evaluation of adults with suspected myasthenia gravis or Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome: summary statement. (NGC-2573)
      • AAEM Quality Assurance Committee. Practice parameter for repetitive nerve stimulation and single fiber EMG evaluation of adults with suspected myasthenia gravis or Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome: summary statement. Muscle Nerve 2001 Sep;24(9):1236-8. [36 references]

    2. The electrodiagnostic medicine consultation. (NGC-0450)
      • American Association of Electrodiagnostic Medicine (AAEM). The electrodiagnostic medicine consultation. Rochester (MN): American Association of Electrodiagnostic Medicine (AAEM); 1996. 17 p. [63 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine Web site.

    American Cancer Society

    1. American Cancer Society guidelines on screening and surveillance for the early detection of adenomatous polyps and colorectal cancer-update 2003. In: American Cancer Society guidelines for the early detection of cancer, 2003. (NGC-3135)
      • Smith RA, Cokkinides V, Eyre HJ. American Cancer Society guidelines for the early detection of cancer, 2003. CA Cancer J Clin 2003 Jan-Feb;53(1):27-43. [57 references] PubMed

    For more information, please refer to the American Cancer Society Web site.

    American College of Cardiology Foundation

    1. ACC/AHA 2002 guideline update for exercise testing. A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Committee on Exercise Testing). (NGC-2653)
      • American College of Cardiology Foundation, American Heart Association. ACC/AHA guideline update for exercise testing. A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Committee on Exercise Testing). Bethesda (MD): American College of Cardiology Foundation; 2002. 59 p. [428 references]

    2. ACC/AHA 2002 guideline update for the management of patients with chronic stable angina: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Committee to Update the 1999 Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Chronic Stable Angina). (NGC-2814)
      • American College of Cardiology Foundation, American Heart Association. ACC/AHA 2002 guideline update for the management of patients with chronic stable angina: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Committee to update the 1999 guidelines). Bethesda (MD): American College of Cardiology Foundation; 2002. 127 p. [1052 references]

    3. ACC/AHA guidelines for ambulatory electrocardiography. A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Committee to Revise the Guidelines for Ambulatory Electrocardiography). (NGC-1334)
      • American College of Cardiology, American Heart Association, Crawford MH, Bernstein SJ, Crawford MH, Bernstein SJ, Deedwania PC, DiMarco JP, Ferrick KJ, Greene HL, Silka MJ, Stone PH, Tracy CM, Gibbons RJ, Alpert JS, Eagle KA, Gardner TJ, Gregoratos G, Russell RO, Ryan TH, Smith SC Jr. ACC/AHA Guidelines for ambulatory electrocardiography. A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Committee to Revise the Guidelines for Ambulatory Electrocardiography). J Am Coll Cardiol 1999 Sep;34(3):912-48. [304 references] PubMed

    4. ACC/AHA guidelines for coronary angiography. A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Committee on Coronary Angiography). (NGC-1161)
      • Scanlon PJ, Faxon DP, Audet AM, Carabello B, Dehmer GJ, Eagle KA, Legako RD, Leon DF, Murray JA, Nissen SE, Pepine CJ, Watson RM, Ritchie JL, Gibbons RJ, Cheitlin MD, Gardner TJ, Garson A Jr, Russell RO Jr, Ryan TJ, Smith SC Jr. ACC/AHA guidelines for coronary angiography. A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on practice guidelines (Committee on Coronary Angiography). J Am Coll Cardiol 1999 May;33(6):1756-824. [549 references] PubMed

    5. ACC/AHA Task Force Report. Guidelines for clinical intracardiac electrophysiological and catheter ablation procedures. A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Committee on Clinical Intracardiac Electrophysiologic and Catheter Ablation Procedures). (NGC-0216)
      • Guidelines for clinical intracardiac electrophysiological and catheter ablation procedures. A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Committee on Clinical Intracardiac Electrophysiologic. Circulation 1995 Aug 1;92(3):673-91. [182 references]


      • Guidelines for clinical intracardiac electrophysiological and catheter ablation procedures. A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Committee on Clinical Intracardiac Electrophysiologic. J Am Coll Cardiol 1995 Aug;26(2):555-73. [182 references]


      • Guidelines for clinical intracardiac electrophysiological and catheter ablation procedures. A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Committee on Clinical Intracardiac Electrophysiologic. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 1995 Aug;6(8):652-79. [182 references]

    6. ACC/AHA/NASPE 2002 guideline update for implantation of cardiac pacemakers and antiarrhythmia devices: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. (NGC-2665)
      • ACC/AHA/NASPE 2002 guideline update for implantation of cardiac pacemakers and antiarrhythmia devices. Bethesda (MD): American College of Cardiology Foundation; 2002. 48 p. [447 references]

    7. Guidelines for electrocardiography. A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Assessment of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Cardiovascular Procedures (Committee on Electrocardiography). (NGC-0237)
      • Guidelines for electrocardiography. A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Assessment of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Cardiovascular Procedures (Committee on Electrocardiography). J Am Coll Cardiol 1992 Mar 1;19(3):473-81. [34 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American College of Cardiology Foundation Web site.

    American College of Chest Physicians

    1. Evidence-based assessment of diagnostic tests for ventilator-associated pneumonia. (NGC-1944)
      • Grossman RF, Fein A. Evidence-based assessment of diagnostic tests for ventilator-associated pneumonia. Executive summary. Chest 2000 Apr;117(4 Suppl 2):177S-181S. [135 references]

    2. Evidence-based guidelines for weaning and discontinuation of ventilatory support. (NGC-2440)
      • Evidence-based guidelines for weaning and discontinuation of ventilatory support. Chest 2001 Dec;120(6 Suppl):375S-484S. [224 references]

    3. Heparin and low molecular weight heparin. In: Sixth ACCP Consensus Conference on Antithrombotic Therapy. (NGC-1948)
      • Hirsh J, Warkentin TE, Shaughnessy SG, Anand SS, Halperin JL, Raschke R, Granger C, Ohman EM, Dalen JE. Heparin and low-molecular-weight heparin: mechanisms of action, pharmacokinetics, dosing, monitoring, efficacy, and safety. Chest 2001 Jan;119(1 Suppl):64S-94S. [377 references]

    4. Managing cough as a defense mechanism and a symptom. (NGC-1229)
      • Irwin RS, Boulet LP, Cloutier MM, Fuller R, Gold PM, Hoffstein V, Ing AJ, McCool FD, O'Byrne P, Poe RH, Prakash UB, Pratter MR, Rubin BK. Managing cough as a defense mechanism and as a symptom. A consensus panel report of the American College of Chest Physicians. Chest 1998 Aug;114(2 Suppl Managing):133S-181S. [325 references] PubMed

    5. Managing oral anticoagulant therapy. In : Sixth ACCP Consensus Conference on Antithrombotic Therapy. (NGC-1947)
      • Ansell J, Hirsh J, Dalen J, Bussey H, Anderson D, Poller L, Jacobson A, Deykin D, Matchar D. Managing oral anticoagulant therapy. Chest 2001 Jan;119(1 Suppl):22S-38S. [168 references]

    6. Medical and surgical treatment of parapneumonic effusions: an evidence-based guideline. (NGC-1945)
      • Colice GL, Curtis A, Deslauriers J, Heffner J, Light R, Littenberg B, Sahn S, Weinstein RA, Yusen RD. Medical and surgical treatment of parapneumonic effusions: an evidence-based guideline. Chest 2000 Oct;118(4):1158-71. [41 references]

    7. Sixth ACCP Consensus Conference on Antithrombotic Therapy. (NGC-1946)
      • Hirsh J, Dalen J, Guyatt G. The sixth (2000) ACCP guidelines for antithrombotic therapy for prevention and treatment of thrombosis. American College of Chest Physicians. Chest 2001 Jan;119(1 Suppl):1S-370S.

    For more information, please refer to the American College of Chest Physicians Web site.

    American College of Critical Care Medicine

    1. Clinical practice guidelines for sustained neuromuscular blockade in the adult critically ill patient. (NGC-2396)
      • Clinical practice guidelines for sustained neuromuscular blockade in the adult critically ill patient. Am J Health Syst Pharm 2002 Jan 15;59(2):179-95. [78 references] PubMed


      • Neuromuscular Blockade Task Force. Clinical practice guidelines for sustained neuromuscular blockade in the adult critically ill patient. Crit Care Med 2002;30(1):142-56. [78 references] PubMed

    2. Clinical practice guidelines for the sustained use of sedatives and analgesics in the critically ill adult. (NGC-2397)
      • Clinical practice guidelines for the sustained use of sedatives and analgesics in the critically ill adult. Am J Health Syst Pharm 2002 Jan 15;59(2):150-78. [235 references] PubMed


      • Jacobi J, Fraser GL, Coursin DB, Riker RR, Fontaine D, Wittbrodt ET, Chalfin DB, Masica MF, Bjerke HS, Coplin WM, Crippen DW, Fuchs BD, Kelleher RM, Marik PE, Nasraway SA Jr, Murray MJ, Peruzzi WT, Lumb PD. Clinical practice guidelines for the sustained use of sedatives and analgesics in the critically ill adult. Crit Care Med 2002 Jan;30(1):119-41. [235 references] PubMed

    3. Clinical practice parameters for hemodynamic support of pediatric and neonatal patients in septic shock. (NGC-2659)
      • Carcillo JA, Fields AI. Clinical practice parameters for hemodynamic support of pediatric and neonatal patients in septic shock. Crit Care Med 2002 Jun;30(6):1365-78. [162 references] PubMed

    American College of Emergency Physicians

    1. Clinical policy for the management and risk stratification of community-acquired pneumonia in adults in the emergency department. (NGC-2527)
      • American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP). Clinical policy for the management and risk stratification of community-acquired pneumonia in adults in the emergency department. Ann Emerg Med 2001 Jul;38(1):107-13. [38 references] PubMed

    2. Clinical policy: critical issues for the initial evaluation and management of patients presenting with a chief complaint of nontraumatic acute abdominal pain. (NGC-2526)
      • American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP). Clinical policy: critical issues for the initial evaluation and management of patients presenting with a chief complaint of nontraumatic acute abdominal pain. Ann Emerg Med 2000 Oct;36(4):406-15. [137 references] PubMed

    3. Clinical policy: critical issues in the evaluation and management of adult patients presenting with suspected acute myocardial infarction or unstable angina. (NGC-2523)
      • American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP). Clinical policy: critical issues in the evaluation and management of adult patients presenting with suspected acute myocardial infarction or unstable angina. Ann Emerg Med 2000 May;35(5):521-44. [184 references] PubMed

    4. Clinical policy: critical issues in the evaluation and management of patients presenting to the emergency department with acute headache. (NGC-2524)
      • American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP). Clinical policy: critical issues in the evaluation and management of patients presenting to the emergency department with acute headache. Ann Emerg Med 2002 Jan;39(1):108-22. [49 references] PubMed

    For more information, please refer to the American College of Emergency Physicians Web site.

    American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons

    1. Adult dysfunctional flatfoot. (NGC-0847)
      • American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Adult dysfunctional flatfoot. Park Ridge (IL): American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons; 1997. 34 p. (Preferred practice guideline; no. 1/97). [106 references]

    2. Central metatarsalgia. (NGC-0848)
      • American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Central metatarsalgia. Park Ridge (IL): American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons; 1998. 37 p. (Preferred practice guideline; no. 1/98). [98 references]

    3. Hallux rigidus in the healthy adult. (NGC-0849)
      • American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Hallux rigidus in the healthy adult. Park Ridge (IL): American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons; 1994. 35 p. (Preferred practice guidelines; no. 1/94). [80 references]

    4. Hallux valgus in the healthy adult. (NGC-0850)
      • American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Hallux valgus in the healthy adult. Park Ridge (IL): American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons; 1998. 24 p. (Preferred practice guideline; no. 1/98). [90 references]

    5. Hammer toe syndrome. (NGC-2117)
      • Hammer toe syndrome. American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. J Foot Ankle Surg 1999 Mar-Apr;38(2):166-78. [86 references] PubMed

    6. Ingrown toenail. (NGC-0852)
      • American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Ingrown toenail. Park Ridge (IL): American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons; 1996. 22 p. (Preferred practice guideline; no. 1/96). [37 references]

    7. Intermetatarsal neuroma. (NGC-0853)
      • American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Intermetatarsal neuroma. Park Ridge (IL): American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons; 1996. 21 p. (Preferred practice guideline; no. 1/96). [47 references]

    8. Lateral ankle sprain. (NGC-0854)
      • American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Lateral ankle sprain. Park Ridge (IL): American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons; 1997. 34 p. (Preferred practice guideline; no. 1/97). [140 references]

    9. Pediatric dysfunctional flatfoot. (NGC-0855)
      • American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Pediatric dysfunctional flatfoot. Park Ridge (IL): American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons; 1997. 41 p. (Preferred practice guideline; no. 1/97). [138 references]

    10. Tailor's bunion and associated fifth metatarsal conditions. (NGC-0856)
      • American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Tailor's bunion and associated fifth metatarsal conditions. Park Ridge (IL): American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons; 1994. 25 p. (Preferred practice guideline; no. 1/94). [69 references]

    11. The diagnosis and treatment of heel pain. (NGC-2399)
      • The diagnosis and treatment of heel pain. J Foot Ankle Surg 2001 Sep-Oct;40(5):329-40. [158 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons Web site.

    American College of Gastroenterology

    1. Diagnosis and management of achalasia. (NGC-1423)
      • American College of Gastroenterology. Diagnosis and management of achalasia. Am J Gastroenterol 1999 Dec;94(12):3406-12. [56 references]

    2. Management of Crohn's disease in adults. (NGC-2028)
      • Hanauer SB, Sandborn W. Management of Crohn's disease in adults. Am J Gastroenterol 2001 Mar;96(3):635-43. [128 references]

    3. Polyp guideline: diagnosis, treatment, and surveillance for patients with colorectal polyps. (NGC-1850)
      • Bond JH. Polyp guideline: diagnosis, treatment, and surveillance for patients with colorectal polyps. Am J Gastroenterol 2000 Nov;95(11):3053-63. [108 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American College of Gastroenterology Web site.

    American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

    1. Antepartum fetal surveillance. (NGC-3097)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Antepartum fetal surveillance. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 1999 Oct. 12 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 9). [62 references]

    2. Assessment of risk factors for preterm birth. (NGC-3119)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Assessment of risk factors for preterm birth. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 2001 Oct. 8 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 31). [80 references]

    3. Chronic hypertension in pregnancy. (NGC-3117)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Chronic hypertension in pregnancy. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 2001 Jul. 9 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 29). [52 references]

    4. Diagnosis and management of preeclampsia and eclampsia. (NGC-3120)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Diagnosis and management of preeclampsia and eclampsia. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 2002 Jan. 9 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 33). [63 references]

    5. Diagnosis and treatment of cervical carcinomas. (NGC-3122)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Diagnosis and treatment of cervical carcinomas. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 2002 May. 13 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 35). [58 references]

    6. Emergency oral contraception. (NGC-0422)
      • Emergency oral contraception. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; 1996 Dec. 8 p. (ACOG practice patterns; no. 3). [34 references]

    7. External cephalic version. (NGC-0434)
      • External cephalic version. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; 1997 Jul. 8 p. (ACOG practice patterns; no. 4). [33 references]

    8. External cephalic version. (NGC-3101)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). External cephalic version. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 2000 Feb. 7 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 13). [41 references]

    9. Fetal macrosomia. (NGC-3110)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Fetal macrosomia. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 2000 Nov. 11 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 22). [94 references]

    10. Gestational diabetes. (NGC-3118)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Gestational diabetes. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 2001 Sep. 14 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 30). [105 references]

    11. Induction of labor. (NGC-3098)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Induction of labor. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 1999 Nov. 10 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 10). [70 references]

    12. Intrauterine growth restriction. (NGC-3100)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Intrauterine growth restriction. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 2000 Jan. 12 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 12). [108 references]

    13. Management of anovulatory bleeding. (NGC-3102)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Management of anovulatory bleeding. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 2000 Mar. 9 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 14). [38 references]

    14. Management of infertility caused by ovulatory dysfunction. (NGC-3121)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Management of infertility caused by ovulatory dysfunction. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 2002 Feb. 12 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 34). [58 references]

    15. Management of recurrent early pregnancy loss. (NGC-3112)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Management of recurrent early pregnancy loss. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 2001 Feb. 12 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 24). [105 references]

    16. Medical management of endometriosis. (NGC-3099)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Medical management of endometriosis. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 1999 Dec. 14 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 11). [99 references]

    17. Medical management of tubal pregnancy. (NGC-3091)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Medical management of tubal pregnancy. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 1998 Dec. 7 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 3). [31 references]

    18. Obstetric analgesia and anesthesia. (NGC-3123)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Obstetric analgesia and anesthesia. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 2002 Jul. 15 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 36). [116 references]

    19. Operative vaginal delivery. (NGC-3105)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Operative vaginal delivery. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 2000 Jun 1. 8 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 17). [42 references]

    20. Perinatal care at the threshold of viability. (NGC-3125)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Perinatal care at the threshold of viability. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 2002 Sep. 8 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 38). [32 references]

    21. Perinatal viral and parasitic infections. (NGC-3108)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Perinatal viral and parasitic infections. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 2000 Sep. 13 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 20). [131 references]

    22. Polycystic ovary syndrome. (NGC-3128)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Polycystic ovary syndrome. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 2002 Dec. 14 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 41). [101 references]

    23. Premenstrual syndrome. (NGC-3103)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Premenstrual syndrome. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 2000 Apr. 9 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 15). [60 references]

    24. Prevention of Rh D alloimmunization. (NGC-3092)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Prevention of Rh D alloimmunization. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 1999 May. 8 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 4). [58 references]

    25. Routine ultrasound in low-risk pregnancy. (NGC-1068)
      • Routine ultrasound in low-risk pregnancy. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; 1997 Aug. 5 p. (ACOG practice patterns; no. 5). [12 references]

    26. Selective estrogen receptor modulators. (NGC-3126)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Selective estrogen receptor modulators. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 2002 Oct. 10 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 39). [67 references]

    27. Shoulder dystocia. (NGC-1069)
      • Shoulder dystocia. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; 1997 Oct. 7 p. (ACOG practice patterns; no. 7). [26 references]

    28. Shoulder dystocia. (NGC-3127)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Shoulder dystocia. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 2002 Nov. 6 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 40). [51 references]

    29. Surgical alternatives to hysterectomy in the management of leiomyomas. (NGC-3104)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Surgical alternatives to hysterectomy in the management of leiomyomas. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 2000 May. 10 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 16). [64 references]

    30. Thrombocytopenia in pregnancy. (NGC-3094)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Thrombocytopenia in pregnancy. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 1999 Sep. 12 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 6). [72 references]

    31. Thromboembolism in pregnancy. (NGC-3107)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Thromboembolism in pregnancy. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 2000 Aug. 10 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 19). [73 references]

    32. Thyroid disease in pregnancy. (NGC-3124)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Thyroid disease in pregnancy. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 2002 Aug. 10 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 37). [51 references]

    33. Use of botanicals for management of menopausal symptoms. (NGC-3116)
      • American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Use of botanicals for management of menopausal symptoms. Washington (DC): American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG); 2001 Jun. 11 p. (ACOG practice bulletin; no. 28). [56 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Web site.

    American College of Physicians

    1. Automated ambulatory blood pressure and self-measured blood pressure monitoring devices: their role in the diagnosis and management of hypertension. (NGC-0096)
      • American College of Physicians. Automated ambulatory blood pressure devices and self-measured blood pressure monitoring devices: their role in the diagnosis and management of hypertension. [comment]. Ann Intern Med 1993 Jun 1;118(11):889-92. PubMed


      • Appel LJ, Stason WB. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and blood pressure self-measurement in the diagnosis and management of hypertension. Ann Intern Med 1993 Jun 1;118(11):867-82. [140 references] PubMed

    2. Diagnosing syncope. (NGC-0034)
      • Diagnosing syncope, Part 1: Value of history, physical examination and electrocardiography. Ann Intern Med 1997 Jun 15;126(12):989-96. [34 references]


      • Diagnosing syncope. Part 2: Unexplained syncope. Clinical Efficacy Assessment Project of the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med 1997 Jul 1;127(1):76-86. [110 references]

    3. Evidence base for management of acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (NGC-1988)
      • Snow V, Lascher S, Mottur-Pilson C. Evidence base for management of acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Ann Intern Med 2001 Apr 3;134(7):595-9. [3 references]

    4. Guidelines for assessing and managing the perioperative risk from coronary artery disease associated with major noncardiac surgery. (NGC-0002)
      • American College of Physicians. Guidelines for assessing and managing the perioperative risk from coronary artery disease associated with major noncardiac surgery. Ann Intern Med 1997 Aug 15;127(4):309-12. [5 references] PubMed


      • Palda VA, Detsky AS. Perioperative assessment and management of risk from coronary artery disease. Ann Intern Med 1997 Aug 15;127(4):313-28. [187 references] PubMed

    5. Guidelines for laboratory evaluation in the diagnosis of Lyme disease. (NGC-0272)
      • American College of Physicians. Guidelines for laboratory evaluation in the diagnosis of Lyme disease. Ann Intern Med 1997 Dec 15;127(12):1106-8. PubMed


      • Tugwell P, Dennis DT, Weinstein A, Wells G, Shea B, Nichol G, Hayward R, Lightfoot R, Baker P, Steere AC. Laboratory evaluation in the diagnosis of Lyme disease. Ann Intern Med 1997 Dec 15;127(12):1109-23. [67 references] PubMed

    6. Guidelines for medical treatment for stroke prevention. (NGC-0015)
      • American College of Physicians. Guidelines for medical treatment for stroke prevention. Ann Intern Med 1994 Jul 1;121(1):54-5. PubMed


      • Matchar DB, McCrory DC, Barnett HJ, Feussner JR. Medical treatment for stroke prevention [published erratum appears in Ann Intern Med 1994 Sep 15;121(6):470 and 1995 Jun 1;122(11):885]. Ann Intern Med 1994 Jul 1;121(1):41-53. [77 references] PubMed

    7. Guidelines for risk stratification after myocardial infarction. (NGC-0001)
      • American College of Physicians. Guidelines for risk stratification after myocardial infarction. Ann Intern Med 1997 Apr 1;126(7):556-60. [11 references] PubMed


      • Peterson ED, Shaw LJ, Califf RM. Risk stratification after myocardial infarction. Ann Intern Med 1997 Apr 1;126(7):561-82. [280 references]

    8. Guidelines for the treatment of gallstones. (NGC-0097)
      • American College of Physicians. Guidelines for the treatment of gallstones. Ann Intern Med 1993 Oct 1;119(7 Pt 1):620-2. PubMed


      • Ransohoff DF, Gracie WA. Treatment of gallstones. Ann Intern Med 1993 Oct 1;119(7 Pt 1):606-19. [92 references] PubMed

    9. Guidelines for using serum cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride levels as screening tests for preventing coronary heart disease in adults. (NGC-0244)
      • American College of Physicians. Guidelines for using serum cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride levels as screening tests for preventing coronary heart disease in adults. Part 1. Ann Intern Med 1996 Mar 1;124(5):515-7. [8 references] PubMed


      • Garber AM, Browner WS, Hulley SB. Cholesterol screening in asymptomatic adults, revisited. Part 2. Ann Intern Med 1996 Mar 1;124(5):518-31. [121 references] PubMed

    10. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and spine: a revised statement. (NGC-0243)
      • American College of Physicians. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and spine: a revised statement. Ann Intern Med 1994 May 15;120(10):872-5. PubMed

    11. Pharmacologic management of acute attacks of migraine and prevention of migraine headache. (NGC-2818)
      • Snow V, Weiss K, Wall EM, Mottur-Pilson C. Pharmacologic management of acute attacks of migraine and prevention of migraine headache. Ann Intern Med 2002 Nov 19;137(10):840-52. [121 references] PubMed

    12. Pharmacologic treatment of acute major depression and dysthymia. (NGC-1773)
      • Pharmacologic treatment of acute major depression and dysthymia. Ann Intern Med 2000 May 2;132(9):738-42. [7 references]

    13. Principles of appropriate antibiotic use for acute pharyngitis in adults. (NGC-1970)
      • Snow V, Mottur-Pilson C, Cooper RJ, Hoffman JR. Principles of appropriate antibiotic use for acute pharyngitis in adults. Ann Intern Med 2001 Mar 20;134(6):506-8. [1 reference]

    14. Principles of appropriate antibiotic use for acute sinusitis in adults. (NGC-1969)
      • Snow V, Mottur-Pilson C, Hickner JM. Principles of appropriate antibiotic use for acute sinusitis in adults. Ann Intern Med 2001 Mar 20;134(6):495-7. [1 reference]

    15. Principles of appropriate antibiotic use for treatment of acute bronchitis in adults. (NGC-1971)
      • Snow V, Mottur-Pilson C, Gonzales R. Principles of appropriate antibiotic use for treatment of acute bronchitis in adults. Ann Intern Med 2001 Mar 20;134(6):518-20. [2 references]

    16. Principles of appropriate antibiotic use for treatment of nonspecific upper respiratory tract infections in adults. (NGC-1968)
      • Snow V, Mottur-Pilson C, Gonzales R. Principles of appropriate antibiotic use for treatment of nonspecific upper respiratory tract infections in adults. Ann Intern Med 2001 Mar 20;134(6):487-9. [1 reference]

    17. Screening for prostate cancer. (NGC-0100)
      • American College of Physicians. Screening for prostate cancer. Ann Intern Med 1997 Mar 15;126(6):480-4. [52 references] PubMed


      • Coley CM, Barry MJ, Fleming C, Fahs MC, Mulley AG. Early detection of prostate cancer. Part II: Estimating the risks, benefits, and costs. Ann Intern Med 1997 Mar 15;126(6):468-79. PubMed


      • Coley CM, Barry MJ, Fleming C, Mulley AG. Early detection of prostate cancer. Part I: Prior probability and effectiveness of tests. Ann Intern Med 1997 Mar 1;126(5):394-406. [181 references]

    18. Screening for thyroid disease. (NGC-0289)
      • American College of Physicians. Clinical guideline, part 1. Screening for thyroid disease. Ann Intern Med 1998 Jul 15;129(2):141-3. [3 references] PubMed


      • Helfand M, American College of Physicians, Redfern CC. Clinical guideline, part 2. Screening for thyroid disease: an update. Ann Intern Med 1998 Jul 15;129(2):144-58. [73 references] PubMed

    19. Suggested technique for fecal occult blood testing and interpretation in colorectal cancer screening. (NGC-0046)
      • Clinical guideline: part I. Suggested technique for fecal occult blood testing and interpretation in colorectal cancer screening. Ann Intern Med 1997 May 15;126(10):808-10.


      • Ransohoff DF, Lang CA. Clinical guideline: part II. Screening for colorectal cancer with the fecal occult blood test: a background paper. Ann Intern Med 1997 May 15;126(10):811-22. [82 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American College of Physicians Web site.

    American College of Preventive Medicine

    1. Adult immunizations. (NGC-0556)
      • Fingar AR, Francis BJ. American College of Preventive Medicine practice policy statement: adult immunizations. Am J Prev Med 1998 Feb;14(2):156-8. [17 references] PubMed

    2. Cervical cancer screening. (NGC-0562)
      • Hawkes AP, Kronenberger CB, MacKenzie TD, Mardis AL, Palen TE, Schulter WW, Shah SA, Steele AW, Marine WM. Cervical cancer screening: American College of Preventive Medicine practice policy statement. Am J Prev Med 1996 Sep-Oct;12(5):342-4. [22 references] PubMed

    3. Perimenopausal and postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy. (NGC-1346)
      • Perimenopausal and postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy. Am J Prev Med 1999;17(3):250-4. [43 references]

    4. Screening asymptomatic women for ovarian cancer. (NGC-0559)
      • Ferrini R. Screening asymptomatic women for ovarian cancer: American College of Preventive Medicine practice policy. Am J Prev Med 1997 Nov-Dec;13(6):444-6. [17 references] PubMed

    5. Screening for elevated blood lead levels in children. (NGC-2381)
      • Lane WG, Kemper AR. American College of Preventive Medicine Practice Policy Statement. Screening for elevated blood lead levels in children. Am J Prev Med 2001 Jan;20(1):78-82. [40 references]

    6. Screening for skin cancer. (NGC-0558)
      • Ferrini RL, Perlman M, Hill L. American College of Preventive Medicine policy statement: screening for skin cancer. Am J Prev Med 1998 Jan;14(1):80-2. [23 references] PubMed

    7. Screening mammography for breast cancer. (NGC-0561)
      • Ferrini R, Mannino E, Ramsdell E, Hill L. Screening mammography for breast cancer: American College of Preventive Medicine practice policy statement. Am J Prev Med 1996 Sep-Oct;12(5):340-1. [14 references] PubMed

    8. Skin protection from ultraviolet light exposure. (NGC-0557)
      • Ferrini RL, American College of Preventive Medicine, Perlman M, Hill L. American College of Preventive Medicine Practice Policy Statement: skin protection from ultraviolet light exposure. Am J Prev Med 1998 Jan;14(1):83-6. [46 references] PubMed

    9. Tobacco-cessation patient counseling. (NGC-0730)
      • Kattapong VJ, Locher TL, Secker-Walker RH, Bell TA. American College of Preventive Medicine practice policy. Tobacco-cessation patient counseling. Am J Prev Med 1998 Aug;15(2):160-2. [24 references] PubMed

    10. Weight management counseling of overweight adults. (NGC-2380)
      • Nawaz H, Katz DL. American College of Preventive Medicine Practice Policy statement. Weight management counseling of overweight adults. Am J Prev Med 2001 Jul;21(1):73-8. [75 references] PubMed

    For more information, please refer to the American College of Preventive Medicine Web site.

    American College of Radiology

    1. ACR Appropriateness Criteria® for bone metastases. (NGC-3897)
      • American College of Radiology (ACR), Expert Panel on Radiation Oncology-Bone Metastasis Work Group. Bone metastases. Reston (VA): American College of Radiology (ACR); 2003. 28 p. (ACR appropriateness criteria). [41 references]

    2. ACR Appropriateness Criteria® for locally unresectable rectal cancer. (NGC-2785)
      • American College of Radiology (ACR), Expert Panel on Radiation Oncology-Rectal/Anal Work Group. Locally unresectable rectal cancer. Reston (VA): American College of Radiology (ACR); 2002. 10 p. (ACR appropriateness criteria). [30 references]

    3. ACR Appropriateness Criteria® for percutaneous nephrostomy. (NGC-2786)
      • American College of Radiology (ACR), Expert Panel on Interventional Radiology. Percutaneous nephrostomy. Reston (VA): American College of Radiology (ACR); 2002. 9 p. (ACR appropriateness criteria). [60 references]

    4. ACR Appropriateness Criteria™ for atraumatic isolated headache--when to image. (NGC-1668)
      • Masdeu JC, Drayer BP, Anderson RE, Braffman B, Davis PC, Deck MD, Hasso AN, Johnson BA, Masaryk T, Pomeranz SJ, Seidenwurm D, Tanenbaum L. Atraumatic isolated headache--when to image. American College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria. Radiology 2000 Jun;215(Suppl):487-93. [38 references]

    5. ACR Appropriateness Criteria™ for blunt abdominal or pelvic trauma--suspected vascular injury. (NGC-1611)
      • Pagan-Marin H, Bettmann MA, Boxt LM, Gomes AS, Grollman J, Henkin RE, Higgins CB, Kelley MJ, Needleman L, Polak JF, Stanford W, Hessel SJ. Blunt abdominal or pelvic trauma--suspected vascular injury. American College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria. Radiology 2000 Jun;215(Suppl):41-7. [67 references]

    6. ACR Appropriateness Criteria™ for chronic chest pain, without evidence of myocardial ischemia/infarction. (NGC-1618)
      • Henkin RE, Levin DC, Bettmann MA, Gomes AS, Grollman J, Hessel SJ, Higgins CB, Kelley MJ, Needleman L, Polak JF, Stanford W, Wexler L, Abbott W, Port S. Chronic chest pain without evidence of myocardial ischemia/infarction. American College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria. Radiology 2000 Jun;215(Suppl):85-8. [13 references]

    7. ACR Appropriateness Criteria™ for endometrial cancer of the uterus. (NGC-1720)
      • Hricak H, Mendelson E, Bohm-Velez M, Bree RL, Finberg H, Fishman EK, Laing F, Sartoris D, Thurmond A, Goldstein S. Endometrial cancer of the uterus. American College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria. Radiology 2000 Jun 1;215(Suppl):947-53. [19 references]

    8. ACR Appropriateness Criteria™ for evaluation of the patient with painful hip or knee arthroplasty. (NGC-1648)
      • Goergen TG, Dalinka MK, Alazraki N, Berquist TH, Daffner RH, DeSmet AA, el-Khoury GY, Keats TE, Manaster BJ, Newberg A, Pavlov H, Haralson RH, McCabe JB, Sartoris D. Evaluation of the patient with painful hip or knee arthroplasty. American College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria. Radiology 2000 Jun;215(Suppl):295-8. [23 references]

    9. ACR Appropriateness Criteria™ for hip arthroplasty--radiography procedure recommendations. (NGC-1660)
      • Keats TE, Dalinka MK, Alazraki N, Berquist TH, Daffner RH, DeSmet AA, el-Khoury GY, Goergen TG, Manaster BJ, Newberg A, Pavlov H, Schweitzer ME, Haralson RH, McCabe JB. Hip arthroplasty--radiography procedure recommendations. American College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria. Radiology 2000 Jun;215(Suppl):389-90.

    10. ACR Appropriateness Criteria™ for iliac angioplasty. (NGC-1723)
      • Levy JM, Duszak RL, Akins EW, Bakal CW, Denny DF, Martin LG, Van Moore A, Pentecost MJ, Roberts AC, Vogelzang RL, Kent KC, Perler BA, Resnick MI, Richie J. Iliac angioplasty. American College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria. Radiology 2000 Jun;215(Suppl):999-1013. [43 references]

    11. ACR Appropriateness Criteria™ for imaging diagnosis of osteomyelitis in patients with diabetes mellitus. (NGC-1650)
      • Alazraki N, Dalinka MK, Berquist TH, Daffner RJ, De Smet AA, el-Khoury GY, Goergen TG, Keats TE, Manaster BJ, Newberg A, Pavlov H, Haralson RH, McCabe JB, Sartoris D. Imaging diagnosis of osteomyelitis in patients with diabetes mellitus. American College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria. Radiology 2000 Jun;215(Suppl):303-10. [20 references]

    12. ACR Appropriateness Criteria™ for imaging of intracranial infections. (NGC-1672)
      • Deck MD, Drayer BP, Anderson RE, Braffman B, Davis PC, Hasso AN, Johnson BA, Masaryk T, Pomeranz SJ, Seidenwurm D, Tanenbaum L, Masdeu JC. Imaging of intracranial infections. American College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria. Radiology 2000 Jun;215(Suppl):535-45. [39 references]

    13. ACR Appropriateness Criteria™ for imaging of the multiply injured patient. (NGC-1646)
      • Daffner RH, Dalinka MK, Alazraki N, Berquist TH, DeSmet AA, el-Khoury GY, Goergen TG, Keats TE, Manaster BJ, Newberg A, Pavlov H, Haralson RH, McCabe JB, Sartoris D. Imaging of the multiply injured patient. American College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria. Radiology 2000 Jun;215(Suppl):273-82. [29 references]

    14. ACR Appropriateness Criteria™ for multiple sclerosis -- when and how to image. (NGC-1673)
      • Masdeu JC, Drayer BP, Anderson RE, Braffman B, Davis PC, Deck MD, Hasso AN, Johnson BA, Masaryk T, Pomeranz SJ, Seidenwurm D, Tanenbaum L. Multiple sclerosis--when and how to image. American College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria. Radiology 2000 Jun;215(Suppl):547-62. [88 references]

    15. ACR Appropriateness Criteria™ for needle biopsy in the thorax. (NGC-1724)
      • Van Moore A, Levy JM, Duszak RL, Akins EW, Bakal CW, Denny DF, Martin LG, Pentecost MJ, Roberts AC, Vogelzang RL, Kent KC, Perler BA, Resnick MI, Richie J. Needle biopsy in the thorax. American College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria. Radiology 2000 Jun;215(Suppl):1029-40. [44 references]

    16. ACR Appropriateness Criteria™ for neurodegenerative disorders. (NGC-1678)
      • Braffman B, Drayer BP, Anderson RE, Davis PC, Deck MD, Hasso AN, Johnson BA, Masaryk T, Pomeranz SJ, Seidenwurm D, Tanenbaum L, Masdeu JC. Neurodegenerative disorders. American College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria. Radiology 2000 Jun;215(Suppl):597-605. [35 references]

    17. ACR Appropriateness Criteria™ for percutaneous biliary drainage in malignant biliary obstruction. (NGC-1726)
      • Van Moore A, Levy JM, Duszak RL, Akins EW, Bakal CW, Denny DF, Martin LG, Pentecost MJ, Roberts AC, Vogelzang RL, Kent KC, Perler BA, Resnick MI, Richie J, Dawson S. Percutaneous biliary drainage in malignant biliary obstruction. American College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria. Radiology 2000 Jun;215(Suppl):1055-66. [29 references]

    18. ACR Appropriateness Criteria™ for percutaneous catheter drainage of infected intra-abdominal fluid collections. (NGC-1727)
      • Duszak RL, Levy JM, Akins EW, Bakal CW, Denny DD, Martin LG, Van Moore A, Pentecost MJ, Roberts AC, Vogelzang RL, Kent KC, Perler BA, Resnick MI, Richie J, Priest E. Percutaneous catheter drainage of infected intra-abdominal fluid collections. American College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria. Radiology 2000 Jun;215(Suppl):1067-75. [32 references]

    19. ACR Appropriateness Criteria™ for pre-treatment staging of colorectal cancer. (NGC-1626)
      • Megibow AJ, Ralls PW, Balfe DM, Bree RL, DiSantis DJ, Glick SN, Levine MS, Saini S, Shuman WP, Greene FL, Laine LA, Lillemoe K, Mezwa D. Pre-treatment staging of colorectal cancer. American College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria. Radiology 2000 Jun;215(Suppl):135-42. [55 references]

    20. ACR Appropriateness Criteria™ for progressive neurologic deficit. (NGC-1664)
      • Johnson BA, Drayer BP, Anderson RE, Braffman B, Davis PC, Deck MD, Hasso AN, Masaryk T, Pomeranz SJ, Seidenwurm D, Tanenbaum L, Masdeu JC. Progressive neurological deficit. American College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria. Radiology 2000 Jun;215(Suppl):437-57. [60 references]

    21. ACR Appropriateness Criteria™ for spine trauma. (NGC-1677)
      • Anderson RE, Drayer BP, Braffman B, Davis PC, Deck MD, Hasso AN, Johnson BA, Masaryk T, Pomeranz SJ, Seidenwurm D, Tanenbaum L, Masdeu JC. Spine trauma. American College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria. Radiology 2000 Jun;215(Suppl):589-95. [10 references]

    22. ACR Appropriateness Criteria™ for sudden onset of cold, painful leg. (NGC-1621)
      • Bettmann MA, Levin DC, Gomes AS, Grollman J, Henkin RE, Hessel SJ, Higgins CB, Kelley MJ, Needleman L, Polak JF, Stanford W, Wexler L, Abbott W, Port S. Sudden onset of cold, painful leg. American College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria. Radiology 2000 Jun;215(Suppl):101-5. [22 references]

    23. ACR Appropriateness Criteria™ for thrombolysis for lower extremity arterial and graft occlusions. (NGC-1725)
      • Levy JM, Duszak RL, Akins EW, Bakal CW, Denny DF, Martin LG, Van Moore A, Pentecost MJ, Roberts AC, Vogelzang RL, Kent KC, Perler BA, Resnick MI, Richie J, Becker G. Thrombolysis for lower extremity arterial and graft occlusions. American College of Radiology. ACR Appropriateness Criteria. Radiology 2000 Jun;215(Suppl):1041-54. [37 references]

    24. American College of Radiology guidelines for breast cancer screening. (NGC-0745)
      • American College of Radiology (ACR). American College of Radiology guidelines for breast cancer screening. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1998 Jul;171(1):29-33. [61 references]

    25. Standards for breast conservation therapy in the management of invasive breast carcinoma. (NGC-2517)
      • Standards for breast conservation therapy in the management of invasive breast carcinoma. CA Cancer J Clin 2002 Sep-Oct;52(5):277-300. [82 references]

    26. Standards for the management of ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast (DCIS). (NGC-2518)
      • Standards for the management of ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast (DCIS). CA Cancer J Clin 2002 Sep-Oct;52(5):256-76. [104 references]

    27. Suspected cervical spine trauma. (NGC-4774)
      • Daffner RH, Dalinka MK, De Smet AA, El-Khoury GY, Kneeland JB, Manaster BJ, Morrison WB, Pavlov H, Rubin DA, Schneider R, Steinbach LS, Weissman BN, Haralson RH III, Hackney DB. Suspected cervical spine trauma. [online publication]. Reston (VA): American College of Radiology (ACR); 2005. 8 p. [45 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American College of Radiology Web site.

    American College of Rheumatology

    1. Guidelines for monitoring drug therapy in rheumatoid arthritis. (NGC-0679)
      • American College of Rheumatology Ad Hoc Committee on Clinical Guidelines. Guidelines for monitoring drug therapy in rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 1996 May;39(5):723-31. [68 references] PubMed

    2. Guidelines for the initial evaluation of the adult patient with acute musculoskeletal symptoms. (NGC-0680)
      • American College of Rheumatology Ad Hoc Committee on Clinical Guidelines. Guidelines for the initial evaluation of the adult patient with acute musculoskeletal symptoms. Arthritis Rheum 1996 Jan;39(1):1-8. [41 references] PubMed

    3. Guidelines for the management of rheumatoid arthritis. (NGC-0681)
      • American College of Rheumatology Ad Hoc Committee on Clinical Guidelines. Guidelines for the management of rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 1996 May;39(5):713-22. [66 references] PubMed

    4. Recommendations for the medical management of osteoarthritis of the hip and knee: 2000 update. (NGC-2161)
      • Recommendations for the medical management of osteoarthritis of the hip and knee: 2000 update. American College of Rheumatology Subcommittee on Osteoarthritis Guidelines. Arthritis Rheum 2000 Sep;43(9):1905-15. [91 references]

    5. Recommendations for the prevention and treatment of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis: 2001 update. (NGC-2160)
      • Recommendations for the prevention and treatment of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis: 2001 update. American College of Rheumatology Ad Hoc Committee on Glucocorticoid-Induced Osteoporosis. Arthritis Rheum 2001 Jul;44(7):1496-503. [54 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American College of Rheumatology Web site.

    American Diabetes Association

    1. Report of the Expert Committee on the Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus. (NGC-2791)
      • Report of the Expert Committee on the Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Care 2003 Jan;26 (Suppl 1):S5-20. [143 references] PubMed

    For more information, please refer to the American Diabetes Association Web site.

    American Dietetic Association

    1. Chronic kidney disease (non-dialysis) medical nutrition therapy protocol. (NGC-2519)
      • American Dietetic Association. Chronic kidney disease (non-dialysis) medical nutrition therapy protocol. Chicago (IL): American Dietetic Association; 2002 May. Various p.

    2. Hyperlipidemia medical nutrition therapy protocol. (NGC-2521)
      • American Dietetic Association. Hyperlipidemia medical nutrition therapy protocol. Chicago (IL): American Dietetic Association; 2001 Jun. Various p.

    3. Nutrition practice guidelines for gestational diabetes mellitus. (NGC-2520)
      • American Dietetic Association. Nutrition practice guidelines for gestational diabetes mellitus. Chicago (IL): American Dietetic Association; 2001 Sep. Various p.

    4. Nutrition practice guidelines for type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. (NGC-2522)
      • American Dietetic Association. Nutrition practice guidelines for type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Chicago (IL): American Dietetic Association; 2001 Dec. Various p.

    For more information, please refer to the American Dietetic Association Web site.

    American Gastroenterological Association Institute

    1. American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement on anorectal testing techniques. (NGC-2292)
      • Barnett JL, Hasler WL, Camilleri M. American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement on anorectal testing techniques. American Gastroenterological Association. Gastroenterology 1999 Mar;116(3):732-60. PubMed

    2. American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement on management of oropharyngeal dysphagia. (NGC-2293)
      • American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement on management of oropharyngeal dysphagia. Gastroenterology 1999 Feb;116(2):452-4. [1 reference] PubMed

    3. American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement on obesity. (NGC-2716)
      • American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement on obesity. Gastroenterology 2002 Sep;123(3):879-81. [1 reference] PubMed

    4. American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement on treatment of patients with dysphagia caused by benign disorders of the distal esophagus. (NGC-2290)
      • Spechler SJ. American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement on treatment of patients with dysphagia caused by benign disorders of the distal esophagus. Gastroenterology 1999 Jul;117(1):229-32. PubMed

    5. American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: celiac sprue. (NGC-2284)
      • American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: celiac sprue. Gastroenterology 2001 May;120(6):1522-5.

    6. American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. (NGC-2289)
      • American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Gastroenterology 1999 Dec;117(6):1463-4. [2 references]

    7. American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: evaluation and management of occult and obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. (NGC-2288)
      • American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: evaluation and management of occult and obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. Gastroenterology 2000 Jan;118(1):197-200. [16 references]

    8. American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: evaluation of liver chemistry tests. (NGC-2718)
      • American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: evaluation of liver chemistry tests. Gastroenterology 2002 Oct;123(4):1364-6. [1 reference] PubMed

    9. American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: guidelines for the evaluation and management of chronic diarrhea. (NGC-2291)
      • American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: guidelines for the evaluation and management of chronic diarrhea. Gastroenterology 1999 Jun;116(6):1461-3. [1 reference] PubMed

    10. American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: guidelines for the evaluation of food allergies. (NGC-2285)
      • American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: guidelines for the evaluation of food allergies. Gastroenterology 2001 Mar;120(4):1023-5.

    11. American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: guidelines for the management of malnutrition and cachexia, chronic diarrhea, and hepatobiliary disease in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. (NGC-0041)
      • American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: guidelines for the management of malnutrition and cachexia, chronic diarrhea, and hepatobiliary disease in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Gastroenterology 1996 Dec;111(6):1722-3. [1 reference]

    12. American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: guidelines on constipation. (NGC-2287)
      • Locke GR, Pemberton JH, Phillips SF. American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: guidelines on constipation. Gastroenterology 2000 Dec;119(6):1761-6. [1 reference]

    13. American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: guidelines on intestinal ischemia. (NGC-2295)
      • American Gastroenterological Association Medical Position Statement: guidelines on intestinal ischemia [published erratum appears in Gastroenterology 2000 Jul;119(1):280-1]. Gastroenterology 2000 May;118(5):951-3.

    14. American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: hereditary colorectal cancer and genetic testing. (NGC-2283)
      • American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: hereditary colorectal cancer and genetic testing. Gastroenterology 2001 Jul;121(1):195-7. [1 reference]

    15. American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: impact of dietary fiber on colon cancer occurrence. (NGC-2296)
      • American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: impact of dietary fiber on colon cancer occurrence. American College of Gastroenterology. Gastroenterology 2000 Jun;118(6):1233-4. [1 reference]

    16. American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: irritable bowel syndrome. (NGC-2911)
      • American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: irritable bowel syndrome. Gastroenterology 2002 Dec;123(6):2105-7. [3 references] PubMed

    17. American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: nausea and vomiting. (NGC-2286)
      • American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: nausea and vomiting. Gastroenterology 2001 Jan;120(1):261-2.

    18. American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. (NGC-2717)
      • American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Gastroenterology 2002 Nov;123(5):1702-4. [3 references] PubMed

    19. American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: parenteral nutrition. (NGC-2282)
      • American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: parenteral nutrition. Gastroenterology 2001 Oct;121(4):966-9. [1 reference]

    20. American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: treatment of pain in chronic pancreatitis. (NGC-2294)
      • American Gastroenterological Association Medical Position Statement: treatment of pain in chronic pancreatitis. Gastroenterology 1998 Sep;115(3):763-4. [2 references] PubMed

    21. Clinical use of esophageal manometry. (NGC-0533)
      • An American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement on the clinical use of esophageal manometry. American Gastroenterological Association. Gastroenterology 1994 Dec;107(6):1865. [140 references] PubMed

    22. Guidelines for the use of enteral nutrition. (NGC-0532)
      • American Gastroenterological Association Medical Position Statement: guidelines for the use of enteral nutrition. Gastroenterology 1995 Apr;108(4):1280-1. PubMed

    23. Guidelines on the use of esophageal pH recording. (NGC-0531)
      • American Gastroenterological Association medical position statement: guidelines on the use of esophageal pH recording. Gastroenterology 1996 Jun;110(6):1981. PubMed

    For more information, please refer to the American Gastroenterological Association Institute Web site.

    American Geriatrics Society

    1. Exercise prescription for older adults with osteoarthritis pain: consensus practice recommendations. (NGC-2414)
      • Exercise prescription for older adults with osteoarthritis pain: consensus practice recommendations. A supplement to the AGS Clinical Practice Guidelines on the management of chronic pain in older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc 2001 Jun;49(6):808-23. [191 references] PubMed

    2. Guideline for the prevention of falls in older persons. (NGC-2199)
      • American Geriatric Society, British Geriatrics Society, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Guideline for the prevention of falls in older persons. J Am Geriatr Soc 2001 May;49(5):664-72. [93 references]

    3. The management of persistent pain in older persons. (NGC-2591)
      • AGS Panel on Persistent Pain in Older Persons. The management of persistent pain in older persons. J Am Geriatr Soc 2002 Jun;50(6 Suppl):S205-24. [126 references] PubMed

    American Heart Association

    1. American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology Foundation guide to warfarin therapy. (NGC-3664)
      • Hirsh J, Fuster V, Ansell J, Halperin JL. American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology Foundation guide to warfarin therapy. Circulation 2003 Apr 1;107(12):1692-711. [254 references] PubMed

    2. Guide to anticoagulant therapy: heparin: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association. (NGC-3667)
      • Hirsh J, Anand SS, Halperin JL, Fuster V. AHA Scientific Statement: Guide to anticoagulant therapy: heparin: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 2001 Jul;21(7):E9-9. [285 references] PubMed


      • Hirsh J, Anand SS, Halperin JL, Fuster V. Guide to anticoagulant therapy: heparin. A statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association. Circulation 2001 Jun 19;103(24):2994-3018. [285 references] PubMed

    3. Guidelines and recommendations for perfusion imaging in cerebral ischemia. (NGC-3666)
      • Latchaw RE, Yonas H, Hunter GJ, Yuh WT, Ueda T, Sorensen AG, Sunshine JL, Biller J, Wechsler L, Higashida R, Hademenos G. Guidelines and recommendations for perfusion imaging in cerebral ischemia: A scientific statement for healthcare professionals by the writing group on perfusion imaging, from the Council on Cardiovascular Radiology of the American Heart Association. Stroke 2003 Apr;34(4):1084-104. [220 references] PubMed

    4. Recommendations for the endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms: a statement for healthcare professionals from the Committee on Cerebrovascular Imaging of the American Heart Association Council on Cardiovascular Radiology. (NGC-3658)
      • Johnston SC, Higashida RT, Barrow DL, Caplan LR, Dion JE, Hademenos G, Hopkins LN, Molyneux A, Rosenwasser RH, Vinuela F, Wilson CB. Recommendations for the endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms: a statement for healthcare professionals from the Committee on Cerebrovascular Imaging of the American Heart Association Council on Cardiovascular Radiology. Stroke 2002 Oct;33(10):2536-44. [102 references] PubMed

    5. Recommendations for the management of intracranial arteriovenous malformations: a statement for healthcare professionals from a special writing group of the Stroke Council, American Stroke Association. (NGC-3660)
      • Ogilvy CS, Stieg PE, Awad I, Brown RD Jr, Kondziolka D, Rosenwasser R, Young WL, Hademenos G. AHA Scientific Statement: Recommendations for the management of intracranial arteriovenous malformations: a statement for healthcare professionals from a special writing group of the Stroke Council, American Stroke Association. Stroke 2001 Jun;32(6):1458-71. [189 references] PubMed


      • Ogilvy CS, Stieg PE, Awad I, Brown RD Jr, Kondziolka D, Rosenwasser R, Young WL, Hademenos G. Recommendations for the management of intracranial arteriovenous malformations: a statement for healthcare professionals from a special writing group of the Stroke Council, American Stroke Association. Circulation 2001 May 29;103(21):2644-57. [189 references] PubMed

    For more information, please refer to the American Heart Association Web site.

    American Medical Association

    1. Guidelines for adolescent preventive services (GAPS). (NGC-0676)
      • Guidelines for adolescent preventive services. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1997 Feb;151(2):123-8.

    For more information, please refer to the American Medical Association Web site.

    American Medical Directors Association

    1. Pressure ulcer therapy companion. (NGC-1385)
      • American Medical Directors Association. Pressure ulcer therapy companion. Columbia (MD): American Medical Directors Association; 1999. 35 p. [21 references]

    2. Urinary incontinence. (NGC-1038)
      • American Medical Directors Association (AMDA). Urinary incontinence. Columbia (MD): American Medical Directors Association (AMDA); 1996. 16 p. [41 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American Medical Directors Association Web site.

    American Optometric Association

    1. Care of the contact lens patient. (NGC-1829)
      • American Optometric Association. Care of the contact lens patient. St. Louis (MO): American Optometric Association; 2000 Jan 1. 77 p. (Optometric clinical practice guideline; no. 19). [178 references]

    2. Care of the patient with learning related vision problems. (NGC-1828)
      • American Optometric Association. Care of the patient with learning related vision problems. St. Louis (MO): American Optometric Association; 2000 Jan 1. 60 p. (Optometric clinical practice guideline; no. 20). [141 references]

    3. Care of the patient with low vision. (NGC-1223)
      • American Optometric Association. Care of the patient with low vision. St. Louis (MO): American Optometric Association; 1997. 72 p. (Optometric clinical practice guideline; no. 14). [111 references]

    4. Care of the patient with primary angle closure glaucoma. (NGC-1214)
      • American Optometric Association. Care of the patient with primary angle closure glaucoma. 2nd ed. St. Louis (MO): American Optometric Association; 1997. 54 p. (Optometric clinical practice guideline; no. 5). [121 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American Optometric Association Web site.

    American Pain Society

    1. Guideline for the management of acute and chronic pain in sickle cell disease. (NGC-1847)
      • Guideline for the management of acute and chronic pain in sickle cell disease. Glenview (IL): American Pain Society (APS); 1999 Aug. 98 p. (Clinical practice guideline; no. 1). [98 references]

    2. Pain in osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and juvenile chronic arthritis. (NGC-2917)
      • Simon LS, Lipman AG, Jacox AK, Caudill-Slosberg M, Gill LH, Keefe FJ, Kerr KL, Minor MA, Sherry DD, Vallerand AH, Vasudevan S. Pain in osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and juvenile chronic arthritis. 2nd ed. Glenview (IL): American Pain Society (APS); 2002. 179 p. (Clinical practice guideline; no. 2). [466 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American Pain Society Web site.

    American Pharmacists Association

    1. Management of hypertension in adults. (NGC-1106)
      • American Pharmaceutical Association. Management of hypertension in adults. Washington (DC): American Pharmaceutical Association; 1998. 8 p. [19 references]

    2. Self-care of the common cold. (NGC-1112)
      • American Pharmaceutical Association. Self-care of the common cold. Washington (DC): American Pharmaceutical Association; 1998. 11 p. [27 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American Pharmacists Association Web site.

    American Psychiatric Association

    1. Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with HIV/AIDS. (NGC-1830)
      • Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with HIV/AIDS. Am J Psychiatry 2000 Nov;157(11 Suppl):1-62. [473 references]

    2. Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with nicotine dependence (NGC-0666)
      • American Psychiatric Association (APA). Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with nicotine dependence. Washington (DC): American Psychiatric Press, Inc; 1996. 64 p. (APA practice guidelines; no. 1996). [219 references]


      • Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with nicotine dependence. American Psychiatric Association (APA). Am J Psychiatry 1996 Oct;153(10 Suppl):1-31. [219 references] PubMed

    3. Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with panic disorder. (NGC-0669)
      • American Psychiatric Association (APA). Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with panic disorder. Washington (DC): American Psychiatric Press, Inc; 1998. 86 p. [273 references]


      • Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with panic disorder. Work Group on Panic Disorder. American Psychiatric Association (APA). Am J Psychiatry 1998 May;155(5 Suppl):1-34. [273 references] PubMed

    For more information, please refer to the American Psychiatric Association Web site.

    American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation

    1. The role of cytotoxic therapy with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in the therapy of diffuse large cell B-cell non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma: an evidence based review. (NGC-3499)
      • Hahn T, Wolff SN, Czuczman M, Fisher RI, Lazarus HM, Vose J, Warren L, Watt R, McCarthy PL Jr. The role of cytotoxic therapy with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in the therapy of diffuse large cell B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: an evidence-based review. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2001;7(6):308-31. [93 references] PubMed

    American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology

    1. 2001 consensus guidelines for the management of women with cervical cytological abnormalities. (NGC-2512)
      • Wright TC Jr, Cox JT, Massad LS, Twiggs LB, Wilkinson EJ. 2001 Consensus Guidelines for the management of women with cervical cytological abnormalities. JAMA 2002 Apr 24;287(16):2120-9. [89 references] PubMed

    American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy

    1. Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction. (NGC-3824)
      • Eisen GM, Baron TH, Dominitz JA, Faigel DO, Goldstein JL, Johanson JF, Mallery JS, Raddawi HM, Vargo JJ, Waring JP, Fanelli RD, Wheeler-Harbaugh J. Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction. Gastrointest Endosc 2002 Dec;56(6):789-92. [15 references] PubMed

    2. Endoscopic therapy of anorectal disorders. (NGC-3826)
      • Eisen GM, Dominitz JA, Faigel DO, Goldstein JL, Kalloo AN, Petersen JL, Raddawi HM, Ryan ME, Vargo JJ 3rd, Young HS, Fanelli RD, Hyman NH, Wheeler-Harbaugh J. Endoscopic therapy of anorectal disorders. Gastrointest Endosc 2001 Jun;53(7):867-70. [62 references] PubMed

    3. Guideline for the management of ingested foreign bodies. (NGC-4065)
      • Eisen GM, Baron TH, Dominitz JA, Faigel DO, Goldstein JL, Johanson JF, Mallery JS, Raddawi HM, Vargo JJ 2nd, Waring JP, Fanelli RD, Wheeler-Harbough J. Guideline for the management of ingested foreign bodies. Gastrointest Endosc 2002 Jun;55(7):802-6. [65 references] PubMed

    4. Guideline on the management of anticoagulation and antiplatelet therapy for endoscopic procedures. (NGC-3819)
      • Eisen GM, Baron TH, Dominitz JA, Faigel DO, Goldstein JL, Johanson JF, Mallery JS, Raddawi HM, Vargo JJ 2nd, Waring JP, Fanelli RD, Wheeler-Harbough J. Guideline on the management of anticoagulation and antiplatelet therapy for endoscopic procedures. Gastrointest Endosc 2002 Jun;55(7):775-9. [29 references] PubMed

    5. Guidelines for the use of deep sedation and anesthesia for gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy. (NGC-3178)
      • Faigel DO, Baron TH, Goldstein JL, Hirota WK, Jacobson BC, Johanson JF, Leighton JA, Mallery JS, Peterson KA, Waring JP, Fanelli RD, Wheeler-Harbaugh J. Guidelines for the use of deep sedation and anesthesia for GI endoscopy. Gastrointest Endosc 2002 Nov;56(5):613-7. [23 references] PubMed

    6. Modifications in endoscopic practice for the elderly. (NGC-3820)
      • Eisen GM, Chutkan R, Goldstein JL, Petersen BT, Ryan ME, Sherman S, Vargo JJ 2nd, Wright RA, Young HS, Catalano MF, Dentsman F, Smith CD, Walter V V. Modifications in endoscopic practice for the elderly. Gastrointest Endosc 2000 Dec;52(6 Pt 1):849-51. [11 references] PubMed

    7. Role of endoscopy in enteral feeding. (NGC-3823)
      • Eisen GM, Baron TH, Dominitz JA, Faigel DO, Goldstein JL, Johanson JF, Mallery JS, Raddawi HM, Vargo JJ 2nd, Waring JP, Fanelli RD, Wheeler-Harbough J. Role of endoscopy in enteral feeding. Gastrointest Endosc 2002 Jun;55(7):794-7. [53 references] PubMed

    8. Use of endoscopy in diarrheal illnesses. (NGC-3825)
      • Eisen GM, Dominitz JA, Faigel DO, Goldstein JA, Kalloo AN, Petersen BT, Raddawi HM, Ryan ME, Vargo JJ 3rd, Young HS, Fanelli RD, Hyman NH, Wheeler-Harbaugh J. Use of endoscopy in diarrheal illnesses. Gastrointest Endosc 2001 Dec;54(6):821-3. [20 references] PubMed

    For more information, please refer to the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Web site.

    American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

    1. Access for administration of nutrition support. (NGC-2856)
      • Access for administration of nutrition support. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2002 Jan-Feb;26(1 Suppl):33SA-41SA. [125 references]

    2. Administration of specialized nutrition support - issues unique to pediatrics. (NGC-2860)
      • Administration of specialized nutrition support - issues unique to pediatrics. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2002 Jan-Feb;26(1 Suppl):97SA-110SA. [205 references]

    3. Administration of specialized nutrition support. (NGC-2853)
      • Administration of specialized nutrition support. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2002 Jan-Feb;26(1 Suppl):18SA-21SA. [42 references]

    4. Drug-nutrient interactions. (NGC-2857)
      • Drug-nutrient interactions. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2002 Jan-Feb;26(1 Suppl):42SA-44SA. [29 references]

    5. Life cycle and metabolic conditions. (NGC-2858)
      • Life cycle and metabolic conditions. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2002 Jan-Feb;26(1 Suppl):45SA-60SA. [205 references]

    6. Normal requirements - adults. (NGC-2854)
      • Normal requirements - adults. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2002 Jan-Feb;26(1 Suppl):22SA-24SA. [18 references]

    7. Normal requirements - pediatrics. (NGC-2855)
      • Normal requirements - pediatrics. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2002 Jan-Feb;26(1 Suppl):25SA-32SA. [83 references]

    8. Nutrition assessment - adults. (NGC-2851)
      • Nutrition assessment - adults. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2002 Jan-Feb;26(1 Suppl):9SA-12SA. [26 references]

    9. Nutrition assessment - pediatrics. (NGC-2852)
      • Nutrition assessment - pediatrics. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2002 Jan-Feb;26(1 Suppl):13SA-17SA. [44 references]

    10. Nutrition support for adults with specific diseases and conditions. (NGC-1325)
      • American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ASPEN). Guidelines for the use of parenteral and enteral nutrition in adult and pediatric patients. Section IV: nutrition support for adults with specific diseases and conditions. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 1993 Jul-Aug;17(4 Suppl):12SA-26SA. [136 references]

    11. Nutrition support for infants and children with specific diseases and conditions. (NGC-1329)
      • American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ASPEN). Guidelines for the use of parenteral and enteral nutrition in adult and pediatric patients. Section VIII: nutrition support for infants and children with specific diseases and conditions. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 1993 Jul-Aug;17(4 Suppl):39SA-49SA. [84 references]

    12. Nutrition support for low-birth-weight infants. (NGC-1328)
      • American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ASPEN). Guidelines for the use of parenteral and enteral nutrition in adult and pediatric patients. Section VII: nutrition support for low-birth-weight infants. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 1993 Jul-Aug;17(4 Suppl):33SA-38SA. [46 references]

    13. Rationale for adult nutrition support guidelines. (NGC-1323)
      • American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ASPEN). Guidelines for the use of parenteral and enteral nutrition in adult and pediatric patients. Section II: rationale for adult nutrition support guidelines. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 1993 Jul-Aug;17(4 Suppl):5SA-6SA. [10 references]

    14. Routes to deliver nutrition support in adults. (NGC-1324)
      • American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ASPEN). Guidelines for the use of parenteral and enteral nutrition in adult and pediatric patients. Section III: routes to deliver nutrition support in adults. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 1993 Jul-Aug;17(4 Suppl):7SA-11SA. [19 references]

    15. Routes to deliver nutrition support in pediatric patients. (NGC-1327)
      • American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ASPEN). Guidelines for the use of parenteral and enteral nutrition in adult and pediatric patients. Section VI: routes to deliver nutrition support in pediatric patients. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 1993 Jul-Aug;17(4 Suppl):29SA-32SA. [12 references]

    16. Specific guidelines for disease - adults. (NGC-2859)
      • Specific guidelines for disease - adults. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2002 Jan-Feb;26(1 Suppl):61SA-96SA. [464 references]

    17. Specific guidelines for disease - pediatrics. (NGC-2861)
      • Specific guidelines for disease - pediatrics. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2002 Jan-Feb;26(1 Suppl):111SA-138SA. [321 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Web site.

    American Society for Reproductive Medicine

    1. Report on evaluation of the azoospermic male. (NGC-2149)
      • Report on evaluation of the azoospermic male. Baltimore (MD): American Urological Association, Inc.; 2001 Apr. 10 p. [19 references]

    2. Report on management of obstructive azoospermia. (NGC-2148)
      • Report on management of obstructive azoospermia. Baltimore (MD): American Urological Association, Inc.; 2001 Apr. 10 p. [22 references]

    3. Report on optimal evaluation of the infertile male. (NGC-2150)
      • Report on optimal evaluation of the infertile male. Baltimore (MD): American Urological Association, Inc.; 2001 Apr. 14 p. [27 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine Web site.

    American Society of Addiction Medicine

    1. Pharmacological management of alcohol withdrawal: a meta-analysis and evidence-based practice guideline. (NGC-0502)
      • Mayo-Smith MF, Am Soc of Addiction Med Working Group on Pharmacological Management of Alcohol Withdrawal. Pharmacological management of alcohol withdrawal. A meta-analysis and evidence-based practice guideline. JAMA 1997 Jul 9;278(2):144-51. [175 references] PubMed

    2. The role of phenytoin in the management of alcohol withdrawal syndrome. (NGC-0503)
      • ASAM Committee on Practice Guidelines. Graham AW, Schultz TK, editor(s). Chevy Chase (MD): American Society of Addiction Medicine (AASM); 1998. The role of phenytoin in the management of alcohol withdrawal syndrome. p. 9. [64 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American Society of Addiction Medicine Web site.

    American Society of Anesthesiologists

    1. Practice advisory for preanesthesia evaluation: a report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Preanesthesia Evaluation. (NGC-4320)
      • American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Preanesthesia Evaluation. Practice advisory for preanesthesia evaluation: a report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Preanesthesia Evaluation. Anesthesiology 2002 Feb;96(2):485-96. [198 references] PubMed

    2. Practice guidelines for cancer pain management. (NGC-0751)
      • American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Pain Management, Cancer Pain Section. Practice guidelines for cancer pain management. Anesthesiology 1996 May;84(5):1243-57. [0 references] PubMed

    3. Practice guidelines for chronic pain management. (NGC-0755)
      • Practice guidelines for chronic pain management. A report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Pain Management, Chronic Pain Section. Anesthesiology 1997 Apr;86(4):995-1004. [0 references] PubMed

    4. Practice guidelines for perioperative blood transfusion and adjuvant therapies: an updated report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Perioperative Blood Transfusion and Adjuvant Therapies. (NGC-5070)
      • Practice guidelines for perioperative blood transfusion and adjuvant therapies: an updated report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Perioperative Blood Transfusion and Adjuvant Therapies. Anesthesiology 2006 Jul;105(1):198-208. PubMed

    5. Practice guidelines for perioperative transesophageal echocardiography. (NGC-0749)
      • Practice guidelines for perioperative transesophageal echocardiography. A report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists and the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists Task Force on Transesophageal Echocardiography. Anesthesiology 1996 Apr;84(4):986-1006. [21 references] PubMed

    6. Practice guidelines for postanesthetic care: a report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Postanesthetic Care. (NGC-4315)
      • American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Postanesthetic Care. Practice guidelines for postanesthetic care: a report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Postanesthetic Care. Anesthesiology 2002 Mar;96(3):742-52. PubMed

    7. Practice guidelines for preoperative fasting and the use of pharmacologic agents to reduce the risk of pulmonary aspiration. (NGC-1080)
      • American Society of Anesthesiologists. Practice guidelines for preoperative fasting and the use of pharmacologic agents to reduce the risk of pulmonary aspiration: application to healthy patients undergoing elective procedures. Anesthesiology 1999 Mar;90(3):896-905. PubMed

    8. Practice guidelines for sedation and analgesia by non-anesthesiologists: an updated report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Sedation and Analgesia by Non-Anesthesiologists. (NGC-4316)
      • American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Sedation and Analgesia by Non-Anesthesiologists. Practice guidelines for sedation and analgesia by non-anesthesiologists. Anesthesiology 2002 Apr;96(4):1004-17. [2 references] PubMed

    For more information, please refer to the American Society of Anesthesiologists Web site.

    American Society of Clinical Oncology

    1. 2002 update of recommendations for the use of chemotherapy and radiotherapy protectants: clinical practice guidelines of the American Society of Clinical Oncology. (NGC-2574)
      • Schuchter LM, Hensley ML, Meropol NJ, Winer EP. 2002 update of recommendations for the use of chemotherapy and radiotherapy protectants: clinical practice guidelines of the American Society of Clinical Oncology. J Clin Oncol 2002 Jun 15;20(12):2895-903. [28 references] PubMed

    2. American Society of Clinical Oncology technology assessment of pharmacologic interventions for breast cancer risk reduction including tamoxifen, raloxifene, and aromatase inhibition. (NGC-2595)
      • Chlebowski RT, Col N, Winer EP, Collyar DE, Cummings SR, Vogel VG 3rd, Burstein HJ, Eisen A, Lipkus I, Pfister DG. American Society of Clinical Oncology technology assessment of pharmacologic interventions for breast cancer risk reduction including tamoxifen, raloxifene, and aromatase inhibition. J Clin Oncol 2002 Aug 1;20(15):3328-43. [119 references] PubMed

    3. Platelet transfusion for patients with cancer: clinical practice guidelines of the American Society of Clinical Oncology. (NGC-1982)
      • Schiffer CA, Anderson KC, Bennett CL, Bernstein S, Elting LS, Goldsmith M, Goldstein M, Hume H, McCullough JJ, McIntyre RE, Powell BL, Rainey JM, Rowley SD, Rebulla P, Troner MB, Wagnon AH. Platelet transfusion for patients with cancer: clinical practice guidelines of the American Society of Clinical Oncology. J Clin Oncol 2001 Mar 1;19(5):1519-38. [143 references]

    4. Postmastectomy radiotherapy: clinical practice guidelines of the American Society of Clinical Oncology. (NGC-1986)
      • Recht A, Edge SB, Solin LJ, Robinson DS, Estabrook A, Fine RE, Fleming GF, Formenti S, Hudis C, Kirshner JJ, Krause DA, Kuske RR, Langer AS, Sledge GW, Whelan TJ, Pfister DG. Postmastectomy radiotherapy: clinical practice guidelines of the American Society of Clinical Oncology. J Clin Oncol 2001 Mar 1;19(5):1539-69. [253 references]

    5. Recommendations for the use of antiemetics: evidence-based, clinical practice guidelines. (NGC-1375)
      • American Society of Clinical Oncology. Recommendations for the use of antiemetics: Evidence-based, clinical practice guidelines . J Clin Oncol 1999 Sep;17(9):2971. [277 references]

    6. Recommendations for the use of hematopoietic colony-stimulating factors: evidence-based, clinical practice guidelines. (NGC-0044)
      • Ozer H, Armitage JO, Bennett CL, Crawford J, Demetri GD, Pizzo PA, Schiffer CA, Smith TJ, Somlo G, Wade JC, Wade JL, Winn RJ, Wozniak AJ, Somerfield MR. 2000 update of recommendations for the use of hematopoietic colony-stimulating factors: evidence-based, clinical practice guidelines. American Society of Clinical Oncology Growth Factors Expert Panel. J Clin Oncol 2000 Oct 15;18(20):3558-85. [165 references] PubMed

    For more information, please refer to the American Society of Clinical Oncology Web site.

    American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons

    1. Practice parameters for antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent infective endocarditis or infective prosthesis during colon and rectal endoscopy. (NGC-1821)
      • Practice parameters for antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent infective endocarditis or infected prosthesis during colon and rectal endoscopy. The Standards Task Force. The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons. Dis Colon Rectum 2000 Sep;43(9):1193.

    2. Practice parameters for the detection of colorectal neoplasms. (NGC-1357)
      • American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons. Practice parameters for the detection of colorectal neoplasms. Arlington Heights (IL): American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons; 1999. 10 p. [65 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons Web site.

    American Society of Cytopathology

    1. Cervical cytology practice guidelines. (NGC-2037)
      • Cervical cytology practice guidelines. American Society of Cytopathology. Acta Cytol 2001 Mar-Apr;45(2):201-26.

    For more information, please refer to the American Society of Cytopathology Web site.

    American Society of Health-System Pharmacists

    1. ASHP guidelines on preventing medication errors with antineoplastic agents. (NGC-3267)
      • American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. ASHP guidelines on preventing medication errors with antineoplastic agents. Am J Health Syst Pharm 2002 Sep 1;59(17):1648-68. [26 references] PubMed

    2. ASHP therapeutic guidelines for nonsurgical antimicrobial prophylaxis. (NGC-1185)
      • American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. ASHP therapeutic guidelines for nonsurgical antimicrobial prophylaxis. American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. Am J Health Syst Pharm 1999 Jun 15;56(12):1201-50. [377 references]

    3. ASHP therapeutic guidelines on angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. (NGC-0600)
      • American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. ASHP therapeutic guidelines on angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. Am J Health Syst Pharm 1997 Feb 1;54(3):299-313. [109 references]

    4. ASHP therapeutic guidelines on antimicrobial prophylaxis in surgery. (NGC-1408)
      • American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. ASHP therapeutic guidelines on antimicrobial prophylaxis in surgery. American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. Am J Health Syst Pharm 1999 Sep 15;56(18):1839-88. [559 references] PubMed

    5. ASHP therapeutic guidelines on stress ulcer prophylaxis. (NGC-0971)
      • American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. ASHP therapeutic guidelines on stress ulcer prophylaxis. American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. Am J Health Syst Pharm 1999 Feb;56(4):347-79. [423 references]

    6. ASHP therapeutic guidelines on the pharmacologic management of nausea and vomiting in adult and pediatric patients receiving chemotherapy or radiation therapy or undergoing surgery. (NGC-1101)
      • American Society of Health System Pharmacists (ASHP). ASHP therapeutic guidelines on the pharmacologic management of nausea and vomiting in adult and pediatric patients receiving chemotherapy or radiation therapy or undergoing surgery. Am J Health Syst Pharm 1999 Apr 15;56(8):729-64. [423 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists Web site.

    American Society of Hematology

    1. An evidence-based analysis of the effect of busulfan, hydroxyurea, interferon, and allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in treating the chronic phase of chronic myeloid leukemia. (NGC-1589)
      • American Society of Hematology. An evidence-based analysis of the effect of busulfan, hydroxyurea, interferon, and allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in treating the chronic phase of chronic myeloid leukemia. Blood 1999 Sep 1;94(5):1517-36. [108 references] PubMed

    2. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura: a practice guideline developed by explicit methods for the American Society of Hematology. (NGC-1148)
      • George JN, Woolf SH, Raskob GE, Wasser JS, Aledort LM, Ballem PJ, Blanchette VS, Bussel JB, Cines DB, Kelton JG, Lichtin AE, McMillan R, Okerbloom JA, Regan DH, Warrier I. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura: a practice guideline developed by explicit methods for the American Society of Hematology. Blood 1996 Jul 1;88(1):3-40. [295 references] PubMed

    For more information, please refer to the American Society of Hematology Web site.

    American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses

    1. Clinical guideline for the prevention of unplanned perioperative hypothermia. (NGC-3758)
      • Clinical guideline for the prevention of unplanned perioperative hypothermia. J Perianesth Nurs 2001 Oct;16(5):305-14. [47 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses Web site.

    American Society of Plastic Surgeons

    1. Abdominoplasty. (NGC-0794)
      • American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS). Abdominoplasty. Arlington Heights (IL): American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS); 1996 Nov. 8 p. [13 references]

    2. Brow lift. (NGC-0938)
      • American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (ASPRS). Clinical practice guidelines: brow lift. Arlington Heights (IL): American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (ASPRS); 1998. 7 p. [16 references]

    3. Carpal tunnel syndrome. (NGC-0798)
      • American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS). Clinical practice guidelines: carpal tunnel syndrome. Arlington Heights (IL): American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS); 1998. 10 p. [31 references]

    4. CO2 laser surgery of the face and eyelids. (NGC-0939)
      • American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS). Clinical practice guidelines: CO2 laser surgery of the face and eyelids. Arlington Heights (IL): American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (ASPRS); 1998. 10 p. [16 references]

    5. Dupuytren's contracture (update). (NGC-0951)
      • American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (ASPRS). Clinical practice guideline: Dupuytren's contracture (update). Arlington Heights (IL): American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (ASPRS); 1998. 6 p. [10 references]

    6. Endoscopic procedures in plastic surgery. (NGC-0940)
      • American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS). Clinical practice guidelines: endoscopic procedures in plastic surgery. Arlington Heights (IL): American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS); 1998. 5 p. [9 references]

    7. Explantation of breast implants. (NGC-0941)
      • American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS). Clinical practice guidelines: explantation of breast implants. Arlington Heights (IL): American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS); 1998. 8 p. [10 references]

    8. Facial lacerations. (NGC-0952)
      • American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (ASPRS). Clinical practice guidelines: facial lacerations. Arlington Heights (IL): American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (ASPRS); 1998. 7 p. [3 references]

    9. Female breast hypertrophy/breast reduction. (NGC-0942)
      • American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (ASPRS). Clinical practice guidelines: female breast hypertrophy/breast reduction. Arlington Heights (IL): American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (ASPRS); 1993. 10 p. [7 references]

    10. Female breast hypoplasia/micromastia. (NGC-0943)
      • American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS). Clinical practice guidelines: female breast hypoplasia/micromastia. Arlinton Heights (IL): American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS); 1996. 6 p. [6 references]

    11. Free flap reconstruction of the mandible. (NGC-0944)
      • American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS). Clinical practice guidelines: free flap reconstruction for the mandible. Arlington Heights (IL): American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS); 1998. 6 p. [6 references]

    12. Gynecomastia. (NGC-0802)
      • American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS). Clinical practice guidelines: gynecomastia. Arlington (VA): American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS); 1996. 7 p. [10 references]

    13. Lipoplasty. (NGC-0945)
      • American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS). Clinical practice guidelines: lipoplasty. Arlington Heights (IL): American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS); 1998. 9 p. [21 references]

    14. Lower extremity ulceration. (NGC-0946)
      • American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS). Clinical practice guidelines: lower extremity ulceration. Arlington Heights (IL): American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS); 1998. 9 p. [14 references]

    15. Nasal deformity. (NGC-0947)
      • American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS). Clinical practice guidelines: nasal deformity. Arlington Heights (IL): American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS); 1993. 7 p. [14 references]

    16. Patient safety in office-based surgery facilities: I. Procedures in the office-based surgery setting. (NGC-4126)
      • Iverson RE. Patient safety in office-based surgery facilities: I. Procedures in the office-based surgery setting. Plast Reconstr Surg 2002 Oct;110(5):1337-42. [14 references] PubMed

    17. Patient safety in office-based surgery facilities: II. Patient selection. (NGC-4127)
      • Iverson RE, Lynch DJ. Patient safety in office-based surgery facilities: II. Patient selection. Plast Reconstr Surg 2002 Dec;110(7):1785-90. [4 references] PubMed

    18. Pressure sores. (NGC-0948)
      • American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (ASPRS). Clinical practice guidelines: pressure sores. Arlington Heights (IL): American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (ASPRS); 1996. 8 p. [10 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons Web site.

    American Thyroid Association

    1. Guidelines for detection of thyroid dysfunction. (NGC-1587)
      • American Thyroid Association. Guidelines for detection of thyroid dysfunction. Arch Intern Med 2000 Jun 12;160(11):1573-5. [23 references]

    2. Treatment guidelines for patients with hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. (NGC-0918)
      • Singer PA, Cooper DS, Levy EG, Ladenson PW, Braverman LE, Daniels G, Greenspan FS, McDougall IR, Nikolai TF. Treatment guidelines for patients with hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Standards of Care Committee, American Thyroid Association. JAMA 1995 Mar 8;273(10):808-12. [13 references] PubMed

    3. Treatment guidelines for patients with thyroid nodules and well-differentiated thyroid cancer. (NGC-0916)
      • Singer PA, Cooper DS, Daniels GH, Ladenson PW, Greenspan FS, Levy EG, Braverman LE, Clark OH, McDougall IR, Ain KV, Dorfman SG. Treatment guidelines for patients with thyroid nodules and well-differentiated thyroid cancer. American Thyroid Association. Arch Intern Med 1996 Oct 28;156(19):2165-72. [21 references] PubMed

    For more information, please refer to the American Thyroid Association Web site.

    American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.

    1. Evaluation of asymptomatic microscopic hematuria in adults: the American Urological Association best practice policy. Parts I and II. (NGC-2146)
      • Grossfeld GD, Litwin MS, Wolf JS Jr, Hricak H, Shuler CL, Agerter DC, Carroll PR. Evaluation of asymptomatic microscopic hematuria in adults: the American Urological Association best practice policy--part II: patient evaluation, cytology, voided markers, imaging, cystoscopy, nephrology evaluation, and follow-up. Urology 2001 Apr;57(4):604-10. [32 references]


      • Grossfeld GD, Litwin MS, Wolf JS, Hricak H, Shuler CL, Agerter DC, Carroll PR. Evaluation of asymptomatic microscopic hematuria in adults: the American Urological Association best practice policy--part I: definition, detection, prevalence, and etiology. Urology 2001 Apr;57(4):599-603. [29 references]

    2. Prostate specific antigen (PSA): best practice policy. (NGC-1407)
      • American Urological Association. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) best practice policy. Oncology 2000 Feb;14(2):267-86. [130 references]


      • Carroll P, Coley C, McLeod D, Schellhammer P, Sweat G, Wasson J, Zietman A, Thompson I. Prostate-specific antigen best practice policy--part I: early detection and diagnosis of prostate cancer. Urology 2001 Feb;57(2):217-24. [59 references] PubMed


      • Carroll P, Coley C, McLeod D, Schellhammer P, Sweat G, Wasson J, Zietman A, Thompson I. Prostate-specific antigen best practice policy--part II: prostate cancer staging and post-treatment follow-up. Urology 2001 Feb;57(2):225-9. [38 references] PubMed

    3. Report on varicocele and infertility. (NGC-2147)
      • American Urological Association (AUA), American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM). Report on varicocele and infertility. Baltimore (MD): American Urological Association, Inc.; 2001 Apr. 9 p. [15 references]

    4. The management of primary vesicoureteral reflux in children. (NGC-0781)
      • American Urological Association (AUA), Pediatric Vesicoureteral Reflux Clinical Guidelines Panel. Report on the management of primary vesicoureteral reflux in children. Baltimore (MD): American Urological Association, Inc; 1997 Apr. 88 p. (Clinical practice guidelines; no. 4/97). [249 references]

    5. The surgical management of female stress urinary incontinence. (NGC-0777)
      • American Urological Association (AUA), Female Stress Urinary Incontinence Clinical Guidelines Panel. Report on the surgical management of female stress urinary incontinence. Baltimore (MD): American Urological Association, Inc; 1997 Jun. 72 p. (Clinical practice guidelines; no. 4/97). [483 references]

    6. The treatment of organic erectile dysfunction. (NGC-0792)
      • American Urological Association (AUA), Erectile Dysfunction Clinical Guidelines Panel. Report on the treatment of organic erectile dysfunction. Baltimore (MD): American Urological Association, Inc; 1996 Jul. 73 p. (Clinical practice guidelines; no. 7/96). [390 references]

    For more information, please refer to the American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Web site.

    Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc.

    1. APIC guideline for handwashing and hand antisepsis in health care settings. (NGC-1452)
      • Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. APIC guideline for handwashing and hand antisepsis in health care settings. Am J Infect Control 1995 Aug;23(4):251-69. [239 references] PubMed

    2. APIC guideline for infection prevention and control in flexible endoscopy. (NGC-1453)
      • Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. APIC guideline for infection prevention and control in flexible endoscopy. Am J Infect Control 2000;28:138-55. [96 references]

    3. APIC guideline for selection and use of disinfectants. (NGC-1454)
      • Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. APIC guideline for selection and use of disinfectants. Am J Infect Control 1996 Aug;24(4):313-42. [294 references] PubMed

    For more information, please refer to the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. Web site.

    Association of Coloproctology of Britain and Ireland

    1. Referral guidelines for bowel cancer. (NGC-4283)
      • Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland. Referral guidelines for bowel cancer. London (UK): Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland; 2002 Apr 25. Various p. [356 references]

    Association of Community Cancer Centers

    1. Breast carcinoma. (NGC-1017)
      • Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC). Breast carcinoma. Rockville (MD): Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC); 1999. 20 p. [35 references]

    2. Colon cancer. (NGC-1020)
      • Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC). Colon cancer. Rockville (MD): Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC); 1999. 9 p. [38 references]

    3. Colony-stimulating factors (CSFs). (NGC-1023)
      • Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC). Colony-stimulating factors (CSF's). Rockville (MD): Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC); 1999. 2 p. [17 references]

    4. Erythropoietin. (NGC-1022)
      • Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC). Erythropoietin. Rockville (MD): Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC); 1999. 2 p.

    5. Metastatic (stage IV) breast cancer. (NGC-1018)
      • Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC). Metastatic (Stage IV) breast cancer. Rockville (MD): Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC); 1999. 7 p. [26 references]

    6. Rectal cancer. (NGC-1021)
      • Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC). Rectal cancer. Rockville (MD): Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC); 1999. 5 p. [18 references]

    7. Small cell lung cancer. (NGC-1019)
      • Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC). Oncology Patient Management Guidelines. Rockville (MD): Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC); 2000 Apr 12. Small cell lung cancer (initial therapy).  (Version 3.0). p. 8. [15 references]


      • Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC). Small cell lung cancer. Rockville (MD): Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC); 1999. 11 p. [15 references]

    For more information, please refer to the Association of Community Cancer Centers Web site.

    Association of Rehabilitation Nurses

    1. Practice guidelines for the management of constipation in adults. (NGC-2913)
      • Folden SL, Backer JH, Maynard F, Stevens K, Gilbride JA, Pires M, Jones K. Practice guidelines for the management of constipation in adults. Glenview (IL): Association of Rehabilitation Nurses; 2002. 51 p. [199 references]

    For more information, please refer to the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses Web site.

    Association of Women's Health, Obstetric, and Neonatal Nurses

    1. Evidence-based clinical practice guideline. Breastfeeding support: prenatal care through the first year. (NGC-2153)
      • Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN). Breastfeeding support: prenatal care through the first year. Evidence-based clinical practice guideline. Washington (DC): Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN); 2000 Jan. 33 p. [74 references]

    2. Evidence-based clinical practice guideline. Continence for women. (NGC-2151)
      • Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN). Continence for women. Evidence-based practice guideline. Washington (DC): Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN); 2000 Jan. 27 p. [65 references]

    3. Evidence-based clinical practice guideline. Neonatal skin care. (NGC-2155)
      • Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN). Neonatal skin care. Evidence-based clinical practice guideline. Washington (DC): Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN); 2001 Jan. 54 p. [148 references]

    4. Evidence-based clinical practice guideline. Nursing care of the woman receiving regional analgesia/anesthesia in labor. (NGC-2154)
      • Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN). Nursing care of the woman receiving regional analgesia/anesthesia in labor. Evidence-based clinical practice guideline. Washington (DC): Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN); 2001 Jan. 36 p. [72 references]

    5. Evidence-based clinical practice guideline. Nursing management of the second stage of labor. (NGC-2152)
      • Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN). Nursing management of the second stage of labor. Evidence-based clinical practice guideline. Washington (DC): Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN); 2000 Jan. 29 p. [55 references]

    6. Evidence-based clinical practice guideline. Promotion of emotional well-being during midlife. (NGC-2156)
      • Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN). Promotion of emotional well-being during midlife. Evidence-based clinical practice guideline. Washington (DC): Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN); 2001 Jan. 33 p. [50 references]

    For more information, please refer to the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric, and Neonatal Nurses Web site.