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Surveillance-related Articles


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  • MMWR logo October 21, 2005
    Influenza Vaccination Levels Among Persons Aged >65 Years and Among Persons Aged 18-64 Years with High-Risk Conditions — United States, 2003
    Influenza vaccination is an effective tool for preventing hospitalization and death among persons aged 65 years and older, and among persons aged 18-64 years with medical conditions that increase the risk for influenza-related complications...
  • MMWR logo September 23, 2005
    Influenza Vaccination Coverage Among Persons Aged 50-64 Years Enrolled in Commercial Managed Health-Care Plans
    — United States, 2003-04 & 2004-05 Influenza Seasons
    To combat an unexpected shortage of influenza vaccine in the fall of 2004, CDC issued guidance to direct available vaccine supplies to persons in designated priority groups (e.g., persons aged >65 years, persons with certain health conditions, health-care workers, and close contacts of persons at high risk for complications from influenza)...
  • MMWR logo September 16, 2005
    QuickStats: Percentage of Nursing Home Residents Aged >65 Years Who Received Pneumococcal Vaccinations -
    United States, 1995, 1997, and 1999
    From 1995 to 1999, the percentage of nursing home residents aged >65 years who received 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) increased by 58.5%. This increase might be attributable, in part, to a 36% increase in the number of residents living in nursing homes with pneumococcal immunization programs...
  • MMWR logo July 29, 2005
    National, State, and Urban Area Vaccination Coverage Among Children Aged 19-35 Months -- United States, 2004
    This report summarizes results from the 2004 NIS, which indicated nationwide increases in coverage with at least 1 dose of varicella vaccine, PCV, and the 4:3:1, 4:3:1:3:3, and 4:3:1:3:3:1 vaccine series. These levels represent an important accomplishment by exceeding for the first time the Healthy People 2010 goal of >80% coverage for the 4:3:1:3:3 vaccine series...
  • MMWR logo June 3, 2005
    Surveillance for Laboratory-Confirmed, Influenza-Associated Hospitalizations
    The number of annual hospitalizations for influenza and pneumonia associated with influenza viruses in the United States is estimated at 95,000; however, no state-based or national surveillance system exists to monitor these events in all age groups, and population-based numbers of laboratory-confirmed, influenza hospitalizations are unknown...
  • MMWR logo April 1 , 2005
    Estimated Influenza Vaccination Coverage Among Adults and Children -- U.S., September 1, 2004-January 31, 2005
    In response to the unexpected shortfall in the 2004-05 influenza vaccine supply, CDC recommended in October 2004 that vaccine be reserved for persons in certain priority groups. In late December 2004, based on declining demand among these groups, two additional groups were added to the list of vaccination priority groups. This report is based on analysis of data collected during February 1-27, 2005, regarding respondent-reported receipt of influenza vaccination during September 1, 2004-January 31, 2005...
  • MMWR logo March 4, 2005
    Vaccination Coverage Among Callers to a State Influenza Hotline - Connecticut, 2004-05 Season
    This report summarizes results of a retrospective survey of callers to this influenza vaccine hotline during November 2004...
  • MMWR logo February 18, 2005
    Hepatitis A Vaccination Coverage Among Children Aged 24-35 Months - United States, 2003
    Hepatitis A vaccine was first licensed in the United States in 1995. In 1996, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommended vaccination of children aged >24 months in populations with the highest incidence of hepatitis A (e.g., American Indian/Alaska Native [AI/AN], Asian/Pacific Islander, and selected Hispanic and religious communities)... This report is the first national analysis of hepatitis A vaccination coverage among children...

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  • MMWR logo December 17, 2004
    Estimated Influenza Vaccination Coverage Among Adults and Children - United States, September 1-November 30, 2004
    Because of the unexpected reduction in the amount of available inactivated influenza vaccine for the 2004-05 influenza season, on October 5, 2004, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommended that the vaccine be reserved for persons in certain priority groups and asked others to defer or forego vaccination. To assess the use of influenza vaccine and the primary reasons reported for not receiving vaccine, beginning November 1, questions were added to the ongoing Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey...
  • MMWR logo December 3 , 2004
    Acute Flaccid Paralysis Surveillance Systems for Expansion to Other Diseases, 2003-2004
    Since the 1988 World Health Assembly resolved to eradicate poliomyelitis, the number of countries where polio is endemic has decreased from 125 to 6 at the end of 2003. As part of the eradication strategy, a global surveillance system was established to identify acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) cases in children aged <15 years and to deploy a network of accredited laboratories to determine whether the paralysis resulted from poliovirus infection. This report describes the status of global AFP surveillance...
  • MMWR logo November 12, 2004
    Vaccination Coverage Among Children Entering School - United States, 2003-04 School Year
    One of the national health objectives for 2010 is to sustain a > 95% vaccination coverage rate among children in kindergarten through first grade. To determine vaccination coverage rates among children entering kindergarten, data on vaccination coverage were analyzed from reports submitted to the National Immunization Program by states, the District of Columbia (DC)*, and eight current or former U.S. territories for the 2003-04 school year. This report summarizes the results of that analysis...
  • MMWR logo November 5 , 2004
    Influenza and Pneumococcal Vaccination Coverage Among Persons Aged >65 Years and Persons Aged 18-64 Years with Diabetes or Asthma - United States, 2003
    Vaccination of persons at risk for complications from influenza and pneumococcal disease is a key public health strategy for preventing associated morbidity and mortality in the United States.To estimate influenza and pneumococcal vaccination coverage among these populations, CDC analyzed data from the 2003 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey*. This report summarizes the results of that analysis...
  • MMWR logo October 29, 2004
    Laboratory Surveillance for Wild and Vaccine-Derived Polioviruses, January 2003-June 2004
    In 1988, the World Health Assembly resolved to eradicate poliomyelitis globally by 2000. Progress toward achieving this goal has been reported from countries where polio is endemic, and three World Health Organization (WHO) regions (Americas, Europe, and Western Pacific) appear to be free of indigenous wild poliovirus transmission. One key strategy for eradicating polio is establishing sensitive polio surveillance systems by investigating acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) cases... This report updates previous publications, summarizes the laboratory network's performance, and describes the location and characterization of WPV and vaccine-derived poliovirus during January 2003-June 2004...
  • MMWR logo September 24, 2004
    Childhood Influenza-Vaccination Coverage - United States, 2002-03 Influenza Season
    Children aged <2 years are at increased risk for influenza-related hospitalizations. Beginning in 2002, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) encouraged that, when feasible, all children aged 6-23 months, as well as household contacts and out-of-home caregivers for children aged <2 years, receive influenza vaccinations each influenza season. Beginning with the 2004-05 influenza season, ACIP strengthened the encouragement to a recommendation... This report on childhood influenza-vaccination coverage for the 2002-03 influenza season provides a baseline for the continuing assessment of coverage among children aged 6-23 months...
  • MMWR logo September 10, 2004
    Indicators for Chronic Disease Surveillance
    Chronic diseases account for 7 of the 10 leading causes of death in the United States, including the three leading causes of preventable death. In 1999, the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists released Indicators for Chronic Disease Surveillance. This report describes the latest revisions to the chronic disease indicators. Of the indicators, 24 are for cancer; 15 for cardiovascular disease; 11 for diabetes; seven for alcohol; five each for nutrition and tobacco; three each for oral health, physical activity, and renal disease; and two each for asthma, osteoporosis, and immunizations...
  • MMWR logo August 5, 2004
    Hepatitis B Vaccination of Inmates in Correctional Facilities-Texas, 2000-2002
    In December 2002, approximately 2.2 million persons were incarcerated in the United States; an estimated 8 million were released to the community that year. In 2001, approximately 22,000 acute hepatitis B cases and 78,000 new hepatitis B virus infections occurred in the United States; an estimated 29% of these cases were in persons who had been incarcerated previously... Hepatitis B vaccination of incarcerated persons is recommended to prevent transmission in correctional facilities...
  • MMWR logo July 30, 2004
    National, State, and Urban Area Vaccination Coverage Among Children Aged 19-35 Months - United States, 2003
    Each annual birth cohort in the United States comprises approximately 4 million infants. The National Immunization Survey (NIS) provides estimates of vaccination coverage among children aged 19-35 months for each of the 50 states and 28 selected urban areas*. This report summarizes NIS results for 2003...
  • MMWR logo May 7, 2004
    Framework for Evaluating Public Health Surveillance Systems for Early Detection of Outbreaks
    The threat of terrorism and high-profile disease outbreaks has drawn attention to public health surveillance systems for early detection of outbreaks. State and local health departments are enhancing existing surveillance systems and developing new systems to better detect outbreaks through public health surveillance. This report supplements previous guidelines for evaluating public health surveillance systems...

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  • MMWR logo November 15, 2002
    Influenza and Pneumococcal Vaccination Levels Among Persons Aged >65 Years - U.S., 2001
    Influenza vaccination levels during 2000-2001 decreased from 1998-1999 levels in 27 of 52 reporting areas; pneumococcal vaccination prevalence increased a median of 7 percentage points from 1999 to 2001. Continued efforts are needed to increase the proportion of older adults who receive influenza and pneumococcal vaccines...
  • MMWR logo August 23, 2002
    West Nile Virus Activity - U.S., August 15-21, 2002
    This report summarizes West Nile virus (WNV) surveillance data reported to CDC through ArboNET and by states and other jurisdictions as of 7:30 a.m. Mountain Daylight Time, August 21, 2002...
  • MMWR logo August 2, 2002
    National, State, and Urban Area Vaccination Coverage Levels Among Children Aged 19-35 Months - U.S., 2001
    This report presents the National Immunization Survey (NIS) findings for 2001, which indicate a substantial nationwide increase in coverage with >1 dose of varicella vaccine (VAR), generally steady coverage for other vaccines nationwide, and wide variability in coverage among the states and urban areas covered by NIS...
  • MMWR logo July 19, 2002
    Hepatitis B Vaccination Among High-Risk Adolescents and Adults - San Diego, California, 1998-2001
    This report describes the initial findings of a hepatitis B vaccination program for potentially high-risk adolescents and adults conducted in areas of San Diego County, California. The findings indicate that high rates of hepatitis B vaccination can be achieved...
  • MMWR logo May 3, 2002
    Laboratory Surveillance for Wild Poliovirus and
    Vaccine-Derived Poliovirus, 2000-2001
    This report summarizes the laboratory data for documenting the decline in wild poliovirus transmission and the occurrence of vaccine-derived polioviruses and highlights the expanding role of the laboratory network in global polio eradication...
  • MMWR logo February 1, 2002
    Pertussis - United States, 1997-2000

    This report summarizes national surveillance data for pertussis during 1997-2000 and assesses the effectiveness of pertussis vaccination in the U.S. during this period. The findings indicate that pertussis incidence continues to increase in infants too young to receive 3 doses of pertussis-containing vaccine and in adolescents and adults. Prevention efforts should be directed at maintaining high vaccination rates and managing pertussis cases and outbreaks...

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This page last modified on October 25, 2006
Content last reviewed on October 25, 2006
Content Source: National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases

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