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National Institute of Allergy and
Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Thursday, July 24, 2008


NIAID Announces Revised Priorities for
HIV Vaccine Research


The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), is reshaping its research enterprise to broaden HIV vaccine discovery activities. Many of the initiatives have evolved from ideas and opinions recently expressed by scientists either at NIAID’s HIV Vaccine Summit on March 25 or in response to two Requests for Information that NIAID issued in April.

There is broad scientific consensus that more extensive vaccine discovery efforts involving research in the laboratory, with non-human primates (NHPs), and in the clinic could yield greater understanding of how a successful HIV vaccine might be designed. To that end, NIAID has received approval from its AIDS Research Advisory Committee to develop two major new initiatives to support individual investigator-initiated grants in HIV vaccine discovery and other tactics to interrupt HIV transmission. For information on these initiatives, visit  Basic Vaccine Discovery and Highly Innovative Tactics to Interrupt Transmission of HIV.

NIAID has also initiated activities to expand NHP research in support of HIV vaccine discovery. First, NIAID is partnering with organizations at NIH and beyond to better track NHP research needs so supply can keep pace with demand. Second, the Institute is planning a workshop on November 12–13, 2008, to explore in detail NHP research needs and approaches and to help guide the design of a future initiative. Third, NIAID’s HIV Vaccine Trials Network (HVTN) will promote the exchange of HIV vaccine scientists, particularly new or young HIV vaccine researchers, between NHP laboratories and human clinics to strengthen the bridges between NHP and human research and to ensure more directly comparable results. In addition, NIAID is committed to attracting and retaining young investigators in the field of HIV vaccines by helping them obtain their first grants.

To accommodate this shift of effort and resources toward HIV vaccine discovery research, NIAID plans to reconsider the number of awards in its preclinical HIV vaccine development programs. The Institute also plans to work with the HVTN to ensure that its clinical research infrastructure is nimble, expandable and contractible as the number and size of clinical studies dictate.


AS Fauci et al. HIV vaccine research: the way forward. Science DOI: 10.1126/science.1161000.


Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., the director of NIAID, and Margaret Johnston, Ph.D., the director of the Vaccine Research Program in NIAID’s Division of AIDS, are available to comment on this article.

CONTACT: To schedule interviews, contact the NIAID Office of Communications, 301-402-1663,

NIAID is a component of the National Institutes of Health. NIAID supports basic and applied research to prevent, diagnose and treat infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections, influenza, tuberculosis, malaria and illness from potential agents of bioterrorism. NIAID also supports research on basic immunology, transplantation and immune-related disorders, including autoimmune diseases, asthma and allergies.

The National Institutes of Health (NIH)—The Nation's Medical Research Agency—includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U. S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is the primary federal agency for conducting and supporting basic, clinical and translational medical research, and it investigates the causes, treatments and cures for both common and rare diseases. For more information about NIH and its programs, visit


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The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases is a component of the National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services


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