sea ice

Sea Ice occurs seasonally in the North Pacific Ocean. Sea ice suppresses the energy dynamics between ocean and atmosphere. The continuous motion of the ice pack, forced by wind and water stresses, leads to the formation of cracks, pressure ridges, and polynya (areas of open water in the ice). Ice cover affects the distribution of benthic and pelagic species inhabiting the Bering sea shelf (Wyllie Echeverria, 1995).

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PMEL Publications relating to Sea Ice:

Listed below are direct links to abstracts of PMEL articles relating to salinity beginning 1968 to the present, using PMEL's Publication Information Search Engine:

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[Last updated: 2007-07-03]