What is Spasticity?
Spasticity is a condition in which certain muscles are continuously contracted. This contraction causes stiffness or tightness of the muscles and may interfere with movement, speech, and manner of walking. Spasticity is usually caused by damage to the portion of the brain or spinal cord that controls voluntary movement. It may occur in association with spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, damage to the brain because of lack of oxygen, brain trauma, severe head injury, and metabolic diseases such as adrenoleukodystrophy, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease), and phenylketonuria. Symptoms may include hypertonicity (increased muscle tone), clonus (a series of rapid muscle contractions), exaggerated deep tendon reflexes, muscle spasms, scissoring (involuntary crossing of the legs), and fixed joints. The degree of spasticity varies from mild muscle stiffness to severe, painful, and uncontrollable muscle spasms. Spasticity can interfere with rehabilitation in patients with certain disorders, and often interferes with daily activities.
Is there any treatment?
What research is being done?
Select this link to view a list of studies currently seeking patients.
|March of Dimes Foundation
1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
Tel: 914-428-7100 888-MODIMES (663-4637)
|National Multiple Sclerosis Society
733 Third Avenue
New York, NY 10017-3288
Tel: 212-986-3240 800-344-4867 (FIGHTMS)
|National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD)
P.O. Box 1968
(55 Kenosia Avenue)
Danbury, CT 06813-1968
Tel: 203-744-0100 Voice Mail 800-999-NORD (6673)
|United Cerebral Palsy (UCP)
1660 L Street, NW
Washington, DC 20036
Tel: 202-776-0406 800-USA-5UCP (872-5827)
|WE MOVE (Worldwide Education & Awareness for Movement Disorders)
204 West 84th Street
New York, NY 10024
230 West Monroe Street
Chicago, IL 60606-4802
Tel: 312-726-6200 800-221-6827
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National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
National Institutes of Health
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Last updated June 19, 2007