What Are The Federal Laws Prohibiting Job Discrimination?
- The Equal Pay Act of 1963 (EPA), as amended, which protects men and women
who perform substantially equal work in the same establishment from sex-based
- Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, which prohibits employment
discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin;
- The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA), as amended, which
protects individuals who are 40 years of age or older;
- Section 501 and 505 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, which
prohibits discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities who
work in the federal government; and
- Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978, which amended Title VII of the Civil
Rights Act of 1964, prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of pregnancy,
childbirth, or related medical conditions. Such acts constitute unlawful sex
- Title I and V of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ( ADA), as amended,
which has been interpreted to apply to employment discrimination against qualified
individuals with disabilities who work in the federal government; and
- The Civil Rights Act of 1991, which amends Title VII of the Civil Rights
Act of 1964, provides monetary damages in cases of intentional employment discrimination.
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) enforces all of these
laws. EEOC also provides oversight and coordination of all federal equal employment
opportunity regulations, practices, and policies.
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