Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI): Definitions
Definition of Traumatic InjuryA traumatic injury is defined as any wound or damage to the body resulting from acute exposure to energy, such as heat, electricity, or impact from a crash or fall, or from the absence of such essentials as heat or oxygen, caused by a specific event or incident within a single workday or shift. Included are open wounds, intracranial and internal injuries, heatstroke, hypothermia, asphyxiation, acute poisonings resulting from short-term exposures limited to the worker's shift, suicides and homicides, and work injuries listed as underlying or contributory causes of death. Heart attacks and strokes are considered illnesses and therefore excluded from CFOI unless a traumatic injury contributed to the death.
Work Relationship Criteria
A work relationship exists if an event or exposure results in the fatal injury or illness of a person:
(1) ON the employer's premises and the person was there to work; or
(2) OFF the employer's premises and the person was there to work, or the event or exposure was related to the person's work or status as an employee.
The employer's premises include buildings, grounds, parking lots, and other facilities and property used in the conduct of business. Work is defined as duties, activities, or tasks that produce a product or result; that are done in exchange for money, goods, services, profit, or benefit; and, that are legal activities in the United States.
The following are clarifications of the CFOI work relationship criteria.
Last modified: July 1, 2008