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Disability and Health
Disability and Health

Healthy People 2010 Objectives for People with Disabilities

Healthy People 2010The 1979 U.S. Surgeon General's Report on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Healthy People established the Healthy People initiative. Under this initiative, the  U.S. health plan is updated every 10 years.  Recommendations made during the Healthy People 2000 progress review included developing health objectives for people with disabilities; and examining their health and receipt of clinical preventive services.
 Building on those recommendations, people with disabilities are currently represented in 207 of the 467 objectives that span 21 of the 28 Healthy People 2010 focus areas.  However, data on people with disabilities are available for only 88 of those 207 objectives.  Focus Area 6 of the plan specifically contains 13 objectives that aim to promote the health and well-being of children and adults with disabilities across their lifespan. Focus Area 6 is co-led by the CDC's, Disability and Health Team and the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research at the U.S. Department of Education.

Recent Highlights
The number of adults with disabilities living in congregate care settings (objective 6-7a) decreased from 93,362 in 1997 to 65,575 in 2003, working towards the 2010 goal of 46,681 persons. The percentage of children and youth with disabilities who spend at least 60% of their time in a regular education classroom increased from 45% during the 1995-96 school year to 50% during the 2004-05 school year working towards the 2010 goal of 60%. Sadness or depression among children with disabilities, 4-17 years of age, decreased from 31% in 1997 to 27% in 2005. The number of states with health surveillance for people with disabilities increased from 14 states in 1999 to all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands in 2003 and beyond.


Click here DATA2010 to view or read the national data for people with disabilities. DATA2010 is a searchable on-line database that contains baseline and tracking data for all 467 Healthy People 2010 objectives. Updated quarterly, the system permits users to access data by focus area, health indicators, data source, specific objective, and specific population group. Moreover, data can be charted and exported in a number of formats. State data are available for selected objectives.

To identify people with disabilities during surveys, the following standardized questions are recommended in Objective 6-1 of the United States Healthy People 2010 plan.

  1. Are you limited in any way in any activities because of physical, mental, or emotional problems? A. Yes B. No C. Don't know/Not sure D. Refused

  2. Do you now have any health problem that requires you to use special equipment, such as a cane, a wheelchair, a special bed, or a special telephone? A. Yes B. No C. Don't know/Not sure D. Refused


  • Click Midcourse Review for Disability and Secondary Conditions

  • Click Literature Searches to obtain articles related to Focus Area 6 objectives at the National Library of Medicine

  • Click State Healthy People Plans to search for state health plans that address people with disabilities.

  • Click [Text Document, PDF - Note: large pdf file 6,928 KB] for Disability and Secondary Conditions Focus Area 6 Report and Proceedings. These proceedings are combined from the 2002 Forum and 2001 Symposium to reflect discussions about the current state of knowledge and recommended strategies to achieve the HP2010 objectives for people with disabilities.

  • Click [Full Text)] for Healthy People 2010 Disability Objectives: Private Sector and Consumer Perspectives, Spring 1998. Alexander, VA. These proceedings reflect some of the earliest recommendations for including people with disabilities in Healthy People 2010.

  • printable PDF formatted documentClick [English PDF | Spanish PDF] for Healthy People with Disabilities in HP2010 Chapter 6 [Fact Sheet] (updated December, 2004)

The Leading Health Indicators for People with Disabilities

Click here on the main Healthy People Web site for the Leading Health Indicators. The 10 Leading Health Indicators and the 22 supporting objectives developed for Healthy People 2010 represent the top health issues in America that can be addressed with concerted effort. People with disabilities are represented in 12 of the 22 objectives that support the 10 indicators. The Disability and Health Team has examined data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System on the 10 leading health indicators for people with disabilities. Available analyses are described in the following two links:

Main HP2010 Website - Click HP2010 to link to the Main web site.

Subscribing to the HP2010 Chapter 6  List Serve 

To subscribe to the disability-HP2010 listserv send an e-mail 

Subject: (leave blank)
type in the body of the message: subscribe disability-hp2010

If successful, you will get an e-mail reply asking you to confirm that you wish to subscribe. Simply hit your reply button and type ok in the body of your email and send. You should receive an email stating that you have been subscribed to the disability-hp2010 listserv.

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Date: March 28, 2006
Content source: National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities

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