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Manuscript Division








1. Abigail Adams to Elizabeth Smith Shaw Peabody, July 19, 1799, container 1, Shaw Family Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.[back]

2. Robert Reinhold, “H.U.D. Nominee Says She Is One of the Poor: Mrs. Harris Tells Hearing She Links Herself with Underprivileged,”New York Times, January 11, 1977, A22.[back]

3. Elizabeth Blackwell to Baroness Anne Milbanke Byron, March 4, 1851, container 55, Blackwell Family Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.[back]

4. Mary Ritter Beard, “World Center for Women's Archives” pamphlet, ca. 1939, container 172, Margaret Sanger Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.[back]

5. Clara Barton to Mary S. Logan, June 16, 1911, container 73, Clara Barton Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.[back]

6. For African American and Native American history, see the preceding Susan B. Anthony. “Make the Slave's Case Our Own,” ca. 1859, holograph speech. Susan B. Anthony Papers (container 7). Manuscript Division. LC-MS-11049-1. Many early women's rights advocates, including Susan B. Anthony (1820-1906), came to the suffrage movement by way of the temperance and abolitionist causes. In their struggle to free the slaves, women recognized their own secondary status and developed the political consciousness and skills that enabled them to challenge women's inequality. In this speech from 1859, written when she was the principal New York agent for William Lloyd Garrison's American Anti-Slavery Society, Anthony urged her audience to “make the slave's case our own.” Although she never considered herself a good speaker, Anthony tirelessly traveled throughout the state delivering antislavery speeches while at the same time escalating her campaign for women's rights, a dual mission that caused controversy within the abolitionist ranks and that foreshadowed her break with the society after the Civil War when it refused to protest the exclusion of women from the Fourteenth Amendment. volumes in this series: Debra Newman Ham, ed., The African-American Mosaic: A Library of Congress Resource Guide for the Study of Black History and Culture (Washington: Library of Congress, 1993; Z1361.N39 L47 1993) and Patrick Frazier, ed., Many Nations: A Library of Congress Resource Guide for the Study of Indian and Alaska Native Peoples of the United States (Washington: Library of Congress, 1996; Z1209.2.U5 L53 1996). Those interested in Jewish American source material should consult Gary J. Kohn, comp., The Jewish Experience: A Guide to Manuscript Sources in the Library of Congress (Cincinnati: American Jewish Archives, 1986; Z6373.U5 K64 1986). Other printed guides focus on countries or geographical regions other than the United States, but they occasionally cite manuscript collections that contain material about immigrants from those areas. Examples include G. Raymond Nunn, ed., Asia and Oceania: A Guide to Archival and Manuscript Sources in the United States (New York: Mansell, 1985; Z3001.A78 1985); Aloha South, ed., Guide to Non-Federal Archives and Manuscripts in the United States Relating to Africa (New York: H. Zell Publishers, 1989; CD3002.S68 1989); and the Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars multivolume series Scholars' Guides to Washington, D.C., 1977 to date (volumes published thus far relate to Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Europe, Latin America, Russia, and the Mid-East; different call numbers for each volume). [back]

7. The Library of Congress NUCMC Office Web site at <> provides a free Z39.50 gateway to RLIN AMC (the Research Libraries Information Network Archival and Mixed Collections file), a database of more than 500,000 bibliographic records to archival collections in the United States and abroad, including NUCMC catalog records created since 1986/87. Also useful for locating manuscript materials throughout the United States is the subscription-only database Archives USA at <>, which includes the entire NUCMC catalog file of 84,000 records created since 1959, and the Research Libraries Group Archival Resources at <>, a union database of archival finding aids. Internet workstations throughout the Library of Congress reading rooms provide researchers with free access to these databases.[back]

8. Roos's collection descriptions and appendixes proved an invaluable resource for this author in organizing and drafting this current survey of the division's collections.[back]

9. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, “On the Social, Educational, Religious, and Political Position of Women in America,” June 25, 1883, speech delivered at Princess Hall, London, England, container 6, Elizabeth Cady Stanton Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.[back]

10. Margaret Bayard Smith, commonplace book, ca. 1804, container 1, Margaret Bayard Smith Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.[back]

11. For additional information on the incredibly diverse and important manuscript collection assembled by Marian S. Carson, which includes a number of interesting documents relating to women's education, occupations, avocations, reform efforts, and clubs, see the recently published Gathering History: The Marian S. Carson Collection of Americana, ed. Sara Day (Washington: Library of Congress, 1999; Z1201.G38 1999). See also the discussion of the Carson collection in chapter 4 of this volume.[back]

12. C. A. Logan to Mary S. Logan, November 27, 1881, container 6, John Alexander Logan Family Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.[back]

13. Many of these sources are described in Civil War Manuscripts: A Guide to Collections in the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress, compiled by John R. Sellers (Washington: Library of Congress, 1986; Z1242.L48 1986).[back]

14. Other plantation books documenting the sale or work of women slaves may be found in the papers of Robert Carter, William B. Randolph, Edward Frost, James Henry Hammond, Roger Jones, and the Sterritt Family.[back]

15. Manuscript Division specialist John J. McDonough documented the significance of these familial exchanges in the Library of Congress exhibition My Dear Wife: Letters from Members of Congress to Their Spouses, 1791-1944, which ran from September 1990 through January 1991. A copy of the printed item list for this exhibition is available in the Manuscript Reading Room reference file.[back]

16. For letters written by Continental Congress delegates, see the exhaustive, twenty-six-volume documentary edition Letters of Delegates to Congress, 1774-1789, edited by Paul H. Smith (Washington: Library of Congress, 1976-2000; JK1033.L47). Volume 26 is a cumulative index.[back]

17. Job Pierson to Clarissa Pierson, February 12, 1833, container 2, Job Pierson Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.[back]

18. “J. K. Stout, Pioneering Judge in Pennsylvania, Is Dead at 79,” New York Times, August 24, 1998, Obituaries, A15.[back]

19. Some of these whaling collections are described in a forthcoming guide by division specialist John J. McDonough, And God Created Whales: Whales and Whaling in the Manuscript Collections of the Library of Congress (Washington: Library of Congress, forthcoming).[back]

20. See American Women and the U.S. Armed Forces: A Guide to the Records of Military Agencies in the National Archives Relating to American Women, compiled by Charlotte Palmer Seeley; revised by Virginia C. Purdy and Robert Gruber (Washington: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992; U21.75.S44 1992).[back]

21. Ira Eaker to Mrs. Dorothy Dell Kelly, March 13, 1944, container I:11, Ira Eaker Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress.[back]

22. The other one hundred thousand documents relate to the Historical Records Survey (HRS), a WPA project to inventory state and local records. Of possible interest to women's historians in the HRS material are transcripts of Mormon life histories and diaries relating to family life in Utah.[back]

23. Ruby A. Black interview, Ruby A. Black Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, as quoted in Library of Congress Acquisitions: Manuscript Division, 1984 (Washington: Library of Congress, 1986), 30.[back]

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