Primary Navigation for the CDC Website
CDC en Español
Reproductive Health: Data and Statistics

On This Page:

Data and Statistics Reference Links:

GIS map image with buildingsInteractive Atlas of Reproductive Health
A web-based interactive geographic information system (GIS) dedicated to reproductive health issues such as infant mortality, fertility, and low birth weight.

Health, United States, 2007
This link includes trend tables on Fertility and Natality: prenatal care, childbearing, low-birth weight, abortions, contraceptive use, breastfeeding. Mortality: infant mortality, infant, neonatal and postneonatal mortality rates, maternal mortality.

Trends in Health
Women's Health
Men's Health
Child and Adolescent Health
Black or African American Population
Asian or Pacific Islander Population
American Indian or Alaska Native Population
Hispanic or Latino Population

Key Statistics from CDC's National Survey of Family Growth
These “Key Statistics” give some of the most important findings from Cycle 6 of the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), conducted in 2002 ...more

By the early 1980s, scientific research clearly showed that personal health behaviors played a major role in premature morbidity and mortality. Although national estimates of health risk behaviors among U.S. adult populations  ...more

The YRBSS was developed in 1990 to monitor priority health risk behaviors that contribute markedly to the leading causes of death, disability, and social problems among youth and adults ...more

PeriStats* developed by the March of Dimes Perinatal Data Center, PeriStats provides free access to federal, state, city, and county maternal & infant health data.

(NCHS) Fast Stats A—Z
Birth Data
Birth Defects/ Congenital Anomalies
Births—Method of Delivery
Birthweight and Gestation
Contraceptive Use
Infant Health
Men's Health
Multiple Births
Obstetrical Procedures
Prenatal Care
Reproductive Health
Sexually Transmitted Diseases/STD
Teen Births
Unmarried Childbearing
Women's Health

HIV/AIDS Statistics

STD Prevention, Surveillance and Statistics

Kaiser Family Foundation State Health Facts*

Quick Resource Links
CDC Wonder
National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)
National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG)
National Vital Statistics System (NVSS)
National Hospital Discharge Survey
The National Women’s Health
Information Center


Abortion Surveillance System FAQ's

Abortion Surveillance—United States, 2004 | adobe PDF logo View PDF 479KB
In 2004, 839,226 legal induced abortions were reported to CDC from 49 reporting areas. This total represents a 1.1 percent decrease from the 848,163 abortions reported for 2003. The abortion ratio for 2004 decreased since 2003. The ratio was 238 legal induced abortions per 1,000 live births in 2004. In 2004, the abortion rate was 16 per 1,000 women aged 15–44 years of age, the same since 2000. For the same 47 reporting areas, the abortion rate remained relatively constant during 1998–2004. As in the past, a higher number of abortions were obtained by white women, unmarried women, and women under 25 years of age. More than half (61%) of the reported legal induced abortions were performed during the first 8 weeks of gestation; 88% were performed within the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. Source: MMWR 2007;56(SS-9);1–33.

Previous MMWR Abortion Surveillance Reports
2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 | 1996 | 1995 | 1994–1993  1992 | 1991 | 1990 | 1989 | 1988 | 1987– 1986 | 1985–1984 | 1981  1980–1979

Assisted Reproductive Technology

2005 Assisted Reproductive Technology Success Rates
National Summary and Fertility Clinic Reports
The 2005 is the most recent report of pregnancy success rates is the eleventh report to be issued under the Fertility Clinic Success Rate and Certification Act. The report includes a national overview that uses information from 422 U.S. fertility clinics. ...more

Previous ART Reports 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000–1995 (PDF format only) 

Assisted Reproductive Technology Surveillance—United States, 2005
These surveillance summaries include detailed statistics from the Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Surveillance System by state/territory of residence. The report expands information on geography and determinants of ART success and the risks associated with ART procedures (e.g., multiple births, low birthweight, and preterm delivery) beyond what appears in the 2005 Assisted Reproductive Technology Success Rates: National Summary and Fertility Clinic Report. Source: MMWR 2008;57 (No. SS-5) 123.

Previous ART Surveillance Summary
2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000


Fact sheet: Hysterectomy in the United States, 2000–2004
In the United States, approximately 600,000 hysterectomies are performed each year, and the procedure is the second most frequently performed major surgical procedure among reproductive-aged women.

Infant Health

QuickStats: Preterm-Related Infant Mortality Rates, by Race/Ethnicity of Mother — United States, 2000 and 2005 Source: MMWR 2008;57(33);902.

QuickStats: Infant, Neonatal, and Postneonatal Annual Mortality Rates United States, 1940–2005
Source: MMWR 2008;57(14);377.

QuickStats: Fetal Mortality Rates, by Race/Ethnicity of Mother—United States, 2004
Source: MMWR 2007;56(49);1293.

QuickStats: Percentage of Infant Deaths from Preterm-Related Causes, by Race/Ethnicity—United States, 2000 and 2004 Source: MMWR 2007;56(47);1242.

QuickStats: Distribution of Births, by Gestational Age—United States, 1990 and 2005
Source: MMWR 2007;56(14);344.

Birth Data
Fast Stats from CDC's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)

Infant Health
Fast Stats from CDC's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS)

Fetal and Perinatal Mortality, United States, 2003 Adobe PDF logo PDF 688KB Source: NVSS 2007; 55(6).

QuickStats: Percentage of Total Births That Were Preterm, by Gestational Age—United States, 1990 and 2005 Source: MMWR 2007;56(02);33.

QuickStats: Infant Mortality Rates, by Maternal Race/Ethnicity—United States, 1995 and 2003 Source: MMWR 2006;55(24);683.

QuickStats: Rate of Very Low Birthweight, by Age of Mother and Multiple-Birth Status—United States, 2003 Source: MMWR 2005;54(47);1215.

QuickStats: Leading Causes of Neonatal and Postneonatal Deaths — United States, 2002
Source: MMWR 2005;54(38);966.

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Infant Mortality—United States, 1995–2002
Data were analyzed from the National Vital Statistics System for the period 1995–2002 to examine racial and ethnic disparities in infant mortality rates (IMRs). IMRs were calculated by race/ethnicity of the mother in each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia (DC). Source: MMWR 2005;54(22):553–556.

Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2004 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set Adobe PDF logo PDF 787KB Source: NVSR 2007;55(14).

Infant Mortality and Low Birth Weight Among Black and White Infants— United States, 1980–2000 
This report describes trends in mortality and birth weight among black and white infants. These trends indicate persistent black-white disparities. Source: MMWR 2002;51(27):589–592. ...more

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Infant Mortality Rates — 60 Largest U.S. Cities, 1995–1998
This report highlights the wide disparities in the most recent overall race- and ethnicity-specific IMRs for the largest U.S. cities and describes key differences among those cities. Source: MMWR 2002;51(15):329–332, 343.

Return to Top of Page


International Reproductive Health Surveys

Reproductive health surveys collect data on maternal and infant health in developing countries.

Maternal Health

Preconception and Interconception Health Status of Women Who Recently Gave Birth to a Live-Born Infant—Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), United States, 26 Reporting Areas, 2004 Source: MMWR 2007;56(SS10);1-35.

QuickStats: Percentage of All Live Births by Cesarean Delivery—National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2005 Source: MMWR 2007;56(15);373.

Maternal Mortality and Related Concepts  Adobe PDF logo PDF 399KB
This report presents data on U.S. deaths to pregnant or recently pregnant women. Source: National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat 2007;3(33).

Birth data
This link to CDC's National Center for Health Statistics presents data on U.S. births, including teen birth rates, and fertility rates. Trend in fertility patterns and maternal and infant characteristics are described and interpreted ...more

Racial/Ethnic Trends in Fetal Mortality—United States, 1990–2000
CDC analyzed 1990–2000 data from the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS). The findings indicate substantial reductions in fetal deaths, primarily because of reductions in late fetal deaths (>28 weeks' gestation) compared with early fetal deaths (20–27 weeks' gestation). Despite these reductions, racial/ethnic disparities in fetal deaths persist, particularly among non-Hispanic blacks. Source: MMWR 2004;53(24):529–532.

Pregnancy-related mortality surveillance—United States, 1991–1999 | Adobe PDF logo View PDF 797KB
This surveillance summary provides an in-depth analysis of data for 1991–1999 from CDC’s National Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System. During that time period, the surveillance system identified 4,200 pregnancy-related deaths, for a U.S. pregnancy-related mortality ratio of 11.8 pregnancy-related deaths per 100,000 live births. Source: MMWR 2003;52(SS–2):1–8.

Pregnancy-Related Deaths Among Hispanic, Asian/Pacific Islander, and American Indian/Alaska Native Women—United States, 1991–1997
This report highlights the first federal study to provide pregnancy-related mortality ratios for specific racial and ethnic groups in the United States. It found that women in these groups had a significantly higher risk of death related to pregnancy than non-Hispanic white women. Source: MMWR 2001;50(18):361-364.

Highlights of Trends in Pregnancies and Pregnancy Rates by Outcome: Estimates for the United States, 1976–1996 Adobe PDF logo PDF 348KB
A report from the National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention tracks the effects of changes in sexual activity, marriage patterns, contraceptive use, attitudes and economic and educational opportunities on pregnancies, and pregnancy rates. Source: National Vital Statistics Reports 2000;47(29):12.

Previous Pregnancy-Related Mortality Surveillance Report: 1987–1990
This report summarizes surveillance data for pregnancy-related deaths in the United States for 1987-1990 from the National Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System. Source: MMWR 1997;46(SS-4):17–36.

Return to Top of Page

Tobacco Use and Pregnancy

Monitoring Progress Toward Achieving Maternal and Infant Healthy People 2010 Objectives—19 States, Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), 2000–2003. 

In 2003, all 19 states achieved or exceeded the HP 2010 objective for smoking cessation during pregnancy, and 16 states achieved the HP 2010 objective for abstinence from alcohol during the last 3 months of pregnancy. 
Source: MMWR 2006;55(SS09):1–11.


Annual Smoking-Attributable Mortality, Years of Potential Life Lost, and Productivity LossesUnited States, 19972001

Smoking during pregnancy resulted in an estimated 910 infant deaths annually during 1997--2001. Source: MMWR 2005; 54(25);625–628.

Smoking During Pregnancy—United States, 1990–2002
In 2002, smoking during pregnancy was reported by 11.4% of all women giving birth in the United States, a decrease of 38% from 1990, when 18.4% reported smoking. From 1990 to 2002, all 44 states (and DC) with comparable data for the entire observation period reported significant declines in maternal smoking. Source: MMWR 2004;53(39):911–915.

State Estimates of Neonatal Health-Care Costs Associated with Maternal Smoking—United States, 1996
This report summarizes the results of an analysis, which estimated smoking-attributable neonatal expenditures (SAEs) of $366 million in the United States in 1996, or $704 per maternal smoker, and indicated wide variations in SAEs among states. These costs are preventable. States can use these data to justify or support their prevention and cessation treatment strategies.
Source: MMWR 2004;53(39):915–917.

Surveillance for Disparities in Maternal Health-Related Behaviors—Selected States, Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), 2000–2001

Overall, the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy ranged from 9.0% to 17.4. Younger (aged <25 years) women, white women, American Indian women, non-Hispanic women (except in Hawaii), women with a high school education or less, and women with low incomes consistently reported the highest rates of smoking. Source: MMWR 2004;53(SS4);1–13


Smoking During Pregnancy in the 1990s Adobe PDF logo PDF 730KB
The percentage of women who smoked during pregnancy declined every year from 1990 through 1999. In 1999, 12.3 percent of women giving birth reported smoking during pregnancy. For women 15 to 19 years of age, the rate of smoking during pregnancy declined between 1990 and 1994. Source: NVSS 2001;49:7.

Cigarette Smoking During the Last 3 Months of Pregnancy Among Women Who Gave Birth to Live Infants— Maine, 1988–1997 Adobe PDF logo PDF 311KB
To study smoking prevalence over time among women who gave birth to live infants in Maine, CDC and the Maine Department of Human Services (MDHS) analyzed self-reported data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) collected during 1988–1997 Source: MMWR 1999;48(20):421–425.

Cigarette Smoking During the Last 3 Months of Pregnancy Among Women Who Gave Birth to Live Infants—Maine, 1988-1997. Source: MMWR 1999;48(21):449.

Medical-Care Expenditures Attributable to Cigarette Smoking During Pregnancy -- United States, 1995
To derive 1995 estimates of the smoking-attributable costs for direct medical expenditures (i.e., inpatient, physician, hospital outpatient, and emergency department costs) related to pregnancy outcomes, the University of California and CDC analyzed data from the 1987 National Medical Expenditures Survey... Source: MMWR 1997:46(44):1048–1050.

Return to Top of Page

Unintended and Teen Pregnancy Prevention

Sexual Behavior and Selected Health Measures: Men and Women 15–44 Years of Age, United States, 2002. Source: Advance Data from Vital Health and Statistics, 362;2005 PDF icon PDF 1.19MB

Disparities in Rates of Unintended Pregnancy in the United States, 1994 and 2001*  Finer LB, Henshaw SK, Perspectives on Sexual Reproductive Health, 2006:38:90–96. PDF icon PDF 3.27MB

Contraceptive Use—United States and Territories, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2002
In the United States, approximately half of all pregnancies are unintended. Contraceptive use is an important determinant of such pregnancies. To characterize contraceptive use in the United States and its territories, the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), for the first time, asked both men and women about their birth-control use for the prevention of pregnancy during 2002. Source: MMWR 2005;54(SS06);1–72.

QuickStats: Pregnancy, Birth, and Abortion Rates for Teenagers Aged 15–17 Years—United States, 1976–2003. Source: MMWR 2005;54(4).

QuickStats: Percentage of Never-Married Teens Aged 15–19 Years Who Reported Ever Having Sexual Intercourse, by Sex and by Age Group United States, 1995 and 2002.
Source: MMWR 2005;54(30);751.

Use of Contraception and Use of Family Planning Services in the United States: 1982–2002.
Adobe PDF logo PDF 257KB Source: Advance Data from Vital and Health Statistics 2004;350.

Teenagers in the United States: Sexual Activity, Contraceptive Use, and Childbearing, 2002.
Adobe PDF logo PDF 2170KB Vital and Health Statistics 2004;23(24).

Estimated Pregnancy Rates for the United States, 1990–2000: An Update Adobe PDF logo PDF 710KB
This report presents detailed pregnancy rates for 1990-2000, updating a national series of rates extending since 1976. Source: National Vital Statistic Reports 2004;52(23).

Recent Trends in Teenage Pregnancy in the United States, 1990–2002 Health E-Stats. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Release December 2006.

Birth rates for teenagers 15–19 years by State, 1991 and 2002, and percent change, 1991–2002: United States and each State and territory Adobe PDF logo PDF 292KB
This report provides State-specific birth rates for teenagers for 1991 and 2000. Source: National Vital Statistic Reports 2003;52(10).

Births to Youngest Teens at Lowest Levels in Almost 60 Years
The birth rate among young adolescents aged 10–14 years has fallen to the lowest levels since 1946 according to CDC’s report, Births to 10 to 14 Year-Old Mothers, 1990–2002: Trends and Health Outcomes.

National and State-Specific Pregnancy Rates Among Adolescents—United States, 1995–1997
This report presents estimated national numbers of pregnancies and national and state-specific pregnancy rates for adolescents aged <19 years from 1995* to 1997. The findings indicate a decline in national and state-specific adolescent pregnancy rates during 1995–1997, and a continuing downward trend beginning in the early 1990s (1,2,4). Source: MMWR 2000;49(27):605–611.

Teenage births in the United States: State trends, 1991–2000, an update Adobe PDF logo PDF 292KB
This report provides state-specific birth rates for teenagers for 1991 and 2000 and the percent change, 1991–2000.

State-specific pregnancy rates among adolescents—United States, 1992–1995
This report presents estimated state-specific pregnancy rates for 1992–1995 for adolescents aged £19 years by age and race and the percentage change in state-specific pregnancy rates for persons aged 15–19 years from 1992 to 1995. The findings indicate a downward trend in pregnancy rates for persons aged 15–19 years during 1992–1995 for all 43 states in which data were available. Source: MMWR 1998;47(24).

Return to Top of Page


Women's Reproductive Health

Preconception and Interconception Health Status of Women Who Recently Gave Birth to a Live-Born Infant—Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), United States, 26 Reporting Areas, 2004 Source: MMWR 2007;56(SS10);1-35.

QuickStats: Annual Rate of Visits to Office-Based Physicians and Hospital Outpatient Departments During Which Combination Estrogen-Progestin Hormone Therapy Was Prescribed for Women Aged >40 years, by Age Group—United States, 2001–2003
Source: MMWR 2006,55(38);1047.

Women's Health and Mortality Chartbook
Developed by NCHS with support from the Office on Women's Health, this chartbook describes the health of people in each State by sex, race, and age by reporting current data on critical issues of relevance to women ...more

Healthy Women: State Trends in Health and Mortality
This site contains tables that describe the health of people in each State by sex, race, and age.  Currently, mortality tables and health behavior and risk factor tables can be accessed by downloading a free data dissemination software called Beyond 20/20®.

2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 | 1996

Return to Top of Page


To learn more about PDF Adobe PDF logo files and to download PDF files, you need Adobe Acrobat Reader software, which is available free of charge from Adobe. The HTML version alters the format of the original printed document. Using the PDF version will preserve the document's formatting and graphics.

Links to non-Federal organizations found at this site are provided solely as a service to our users. These links do not constitute an endorsement of these organizations or their programs by CDC or the Federal Government, and none should be inferred. The CDC is not responsible for the content of the individual organization Web pages found at these links.

Page last reviewed: 8/21/08
Page last modified: 8/21/08
Content source: Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

rectangle border

Reproductive Health

bullet Home
bullet Data and Statistics
bullet Publications and Products


bullet Related Links
rectangle border

Reproductive Health related resources
bullet Adolescent Reproductive Health
bullet Assisted Reproductive Technology
bullet Global Reproductive Health
bullet Maternal and Infant Health
bullet Refugee Reproductive Health
bullet Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
bullet Unintended Pregnancy
bullet Women's Reproductive Health

bullet Division of Reproductive Health

Contact Info
4770 Buford Hwy, NE
MS K-20
Atlanta, GA 30341-3717

Call: 1 (800) CDC-INFO
TTY: 1 (888) 232-6348
FAX: (770) 488-4760

bullet Contact Us

  Home | Policies and Regulations | Disclaimer | e-Government | FOIA | Contact Us
Safer, Healthier People

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30333, U.S.A
Tel: (404) 639-3311 / Public Inquiries: (404) 639-3534 / (800) 311-3435
USAGov LogoDHHS Department of Health
and Human Services