An employee may use annual leave for vacations, rest and relaxation, and personal business or emergencies. An employee has a right to take annual leave, subject to the right of the supervisor to schedule the time at which annual leave may be taken. An employee will receive a lump-sum payment for accumulated and accrued annual leave when he or she separates from Federal service or enters on active duty in the armed forces and elects to receive a lump-sum payment.
Accrual Rates for SES, SL/ST, or Equivalent Pay Systems
Creditable Service for Leave Accrual
Advance Annual Leave
Annual Leave Ceilings
Restoration of Annual Leave
Annual Leave to Establish Retirement Eligibility
Less than 3 years of service*
3 years but less than 15 years of service*
15 or more years of service*
|Full-time employees||½ day (4 hours) for each pay period||3/4 day (6 hours) for each pay period, except 1¼ day (10 hours) in last pay period||1 day (8 hours) for each pay period|
|Part-time employees**||1 hour of annual leave for each 20 hours in a pay status||1 hour of annual leave for each 13 hours in a pay status||1 hour of annual leave for each 10 hours in a pay status|
|Uncommon tours of duty**||(4 hours) times (average # of hours per biweekly pay period) divided by 80 = biweekly accrual rate.***||(6 hours) times (average # of hours per biweekly pay period) divided by 80 = biweekly accrual rate.***||(8 hours) times (average # of hours per biweekly pay period) divided by 80 = biweekly accrual rate. ***|
** Leave is prorated for part-time employees and employees on uncommon tours of duty.
*** In computing leave accrual for uncommon tours of duty, the accrual rate for the last full pay period in a calendar year must be adjusted to ensure the correct amount of leave is accrued.
All civilian service that is potentially creditable for Civil Service Retirement Service (CSRS) purposes, including service covered by the Federal Employee Retirement Service (FERS) is also creditable for annual leave accrual. Potentially creditable service includes service that could be credited if the employee made deposits to the retirement fund. Such deposits are not required before the employee gets credit for annual leave accrual purposes. (See OPM's Guide to Processing Personnel Actions, Chapter 6 - Creditable Service for Leave Accrual .)
Non-Federal Service or Uniformed Service
A newly appointed or reappointed employee may receive service credit for prior non-Federal service or active duty uniformed service that otherwise would not be creditable for the purpose of determining his or her annual leave accrual under the conditions prescribed in 5 CFR 630.205. See CPM 2005-07.
Supervisors may grant advance annual leave consistent with agency policy. The amount of annual leave that may be advanced is limited to the amount of annual leave an employee would accrue in the remainder of the leave year. Employees do not have an entitlement to advance annual leave. In most cases, when an employee who is indebted for advance annual leave separates from Federal service, he or she is required to refund the amount of advance leave for which he or she is indebted.
|Maximum Annual Leave That May Be Carried Over into the New Leave Year|
|Federal Employees Stationed within the United States||30 days|
|Federal Employees Stationed Overseas||45 days|
|Members of the Senior Executive Service, Senior-Level and Scientific and Professional Employees||90 days|
Any accrued annual leave in excess of the maximum allowed by law will be forfeited. Forfeited annual leave may be restored under 5 U.S.C. 6304(d). (See Restoration of Annual Leave.)
An employee may use annual leave to establish initial eligibility for retirement in reduction-in-force and other restructuring situations. An employee who has received a specific notice of termination in a RIF situation may use annual leave past the date the employee would otherwise have been separated in order to establish initial eligibility for immediate retirement, including discontinued service or voluntary early retirement.
5 U.S.C. chapter 63, subchapter I
5 CFR 351.606
5 CFR part 630, subparts B and C
Comptroller General opinions:
16 Comp. Gen. 481 (1936), 39 Comp. Gen. 611 (1960) --absolute right
B-189085 (04/03/78), 57 Comp. Gen. 325 (1978),
58 Comp Gen. 684 (1979)--forfeiture
B-213380 (08/20/84), B-256975 (10/11/94)--restoration
B-188993 (12/12/77), 56 Comp. Gen. 470 (1977), 60 Comp. Gen. 598
(1981), B-221265 (06/02/86)--general information.