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Personality Disorders Prevalent, Under-Treated, in South Africa
September 4, 2008 • Science Update
Almost seven percent of South African people age 20 or older have a personality disorder, an umbrella term for several personality types characterized by chronic social dysfunction, a large study funded by NIMH and others reveals. However, less than one-fifth of the people with a disorder received mental-health treatment in the year before the study.
HIV-associated Neurological Disease Prevalent in Asia-Pacific Region
July 1, 2008 • Science Update
A new study finds a significant rate of HIV-related neurological disease among HIV-positive populations living in the Asian-Pacific region.
Couples-based Intervention May Limit HIV Transmission in African Countries
June 27, 2008 • Science Update
A shift to a couples-based intervention for married and cohabiting couples in urban Zambia and Rwanda could prevent up to 60 percent of new HIV infections that would otherwise occur, according to an NIMH-funded study published June 27, 2008, in The Lancet.
Journal Highlights Effectiveness of Research Based Psychotherapies for Youth
April 15, 2008 • Science Update
Reviews of the current research on psychosocial and behavioral therapies, or psychotherapies, for children and adolescents found a number of “well established” and “probably efficacious” treatments for many mental disorders. The results were published in a special issue of the Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology.
Gene Variants Protect Against Adult Depression Triggered by Childhood Stress
February 4, 2008 • Press Release
Certain variations in a gene that helps regulate response to stress tend to protect adults who were abused in childhood from developing depression. Adults who had been abused but didn’t have the variations in the gene had twice the symptoms of moderate to severe depression, compared to those with the protective variations.
Foreign Nativity May Not Always Protect Against Mental Disorders in the US
January 3, 2008 • Science Update
Though all Latino immigrants tend to display better overall mental health compared to their US-born counterparts, a recent study by NIMH-funded researchers has found that the protective benefits of foreign nativity vary widely across subgroups of this population.
Family-centered Intervention Effectively Reduces Risky Behavior Among Hispanic Youth
December 20, 2007 • Science Update
A family-centered program that improves parent-child dynamics and family functioning is more effective at discouraging Hispanic youth from engaging in risky behavior than programs that target specific behaviors.
New Insights on how Mental Health is Influenced by Culture and Immigration Status
July 11, 2007 • Science Update
A special issue of Research in Human Development published in June 2007, examines current trends in prevalence and risk factors for mental disorders across the lifespan in diverse U.S. minority populations.
African Americans, Black Caribbeans, and Whites Differ in Depression Risk, Treatment
March 5, 2007 • Science Update
Although black Americans are less likely than whites to have a major depressive disorder (MDD), when they do, it tends to be more chronic and severe.
U.S.-born Children of Immigrants May Have Higher Risk for Mental Disorders Than Parents
January 17, 2007 • Science Update
In the first studies to examine the effects of immigration and years of residence on the mental health of Caribbean Black, Latino, and Asian populations in the United States, NIMH-funded researchers found that immigrants in general appear to have lower rates of mental disorders than their U.S.-born counterparts.
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