Basic Information

In the early 1980s when the HIV/AIDS epidemic began in the United States, people with AIDS were not likely to live longer than a few years. With the development of safe and effective drugs, however, people infected with HIV now have longer and healthier lives.

Effective treatment requires that those living with HIV/AIDS work with their healthcare provider to make treatment decisions to help them maintain their health and immune system. Maintaining a healthy immune system through an antiretroviral drug regimen, treatment adherence, and a healthy diet and lifestyle may help individuals resist opportunistic infections and other health complications that often occur in individuals with HIV/AIDS. Avoiding substance use and treating substance abuse and mental health issues are also important factors for long-term treatment and care of individuals living with HIV/AIDS.

This section of AIDS.gov provides a listing of information available from multiple Federal agencies that can direct you to information about treatment and care of HIV/AIDS.

General Resources

HIV and Its Treatment: What You Should Know – Fact Sheets (PDF – 988 KB) (AIDSinfo)
This series of fact sheets provides comprehensive treatment information for those who are newly diagnosed with HIV. The fact sheets cover information about starting to see an HIV doctor, starting and adhering to a treatment regimen, and information about anti-HIV medications. En espanol (PDF – 460 KB)

Living with HIV/AIDS (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Although HIV is serious, people living with HIV and AIDS are living longer, healthier lives today, thanks to new and effective treatments. This booklet is for people living with HIV/AIDS and provides information to help people live longer and healthier.

Treatment of HIV Infection (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. NIH)
The discovery and development of new therapeutic strategies against HIV is a high priority for the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). This resource provides a basic overview of antiretroviral drug treatment for HIV and NIAID’s ongoing efforts to develop new and more effective treatments.

Last revised: 05/23/2008