On July 30, 2008, President George W. Bush signed into law H.R. 5501, the Tom Lantos and Henry J. Hyde United States Global Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Reauthorization Act of 2008. This legislation responds to the President's call to expand the U.S. Government commitment to this successful program for five additional years, from 2009 through 2013. For more information on the next phase of PEPFAR, please see the Reauthorizing PEPFAR fact sheet.
In 2003, President Bush launched the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) to combat global HIV/AIDS - the largest commitment by any nation to combat a single disease in history.
On May 27, 2003, President Bush signed P.L. 108-25, the United States Leadership Against Global HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act of 2003, the legislative authorization for the Emergency Plan.
On July 2, 2003, President Bush nominated Randall L. Tobias as the inaugural U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator to lead implementation of the Emergency Plan, and after Senate confirmation, Ambassador Tobias was sworn in on October 6, 2003.
On August 11, 2006, Ambassador Mark R. Dybul was sworn in as the current U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator.
The Emergency Plan supports the multisectoral national responses in host nations through the principles known as the "Three Ones": - one national plan, one national coordinating authority, and one national monitoring and evaluation system. Rather than mandating that all contributors do the same things in the same ways, the Three Ones facilitate complementary and efficient action in support of host nations.