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Indian Health Service


The following terms, phrases, and acronyms, will make the story of the Indian Health Service a whole lot clearer. We suggest that if you intend to take a comprehensive tour of the Indian Health Service that you consider printing a copy of this glossary before entering. Consider it your trusty tour guide document.

Glossary of Acronyms
AIAmerican Indian
AIDSAcquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
AANHSAlaska Area Native Health Service
ANAlaska Native
AODAAlcohol and Other Drug Abuse
BIABureau of Indian Affairs
CDCCenters for Disease Control
CHACommunity Health Aide
CHRCommunity Health Representative
CHSContract Health Services
COPCCommunity-Oriented Primary Care
COSTEPCommissioned Officer Student Training and Externship Program
DHEWDepartment of Health, Education and Welfare
DHHSDepartment of Health and Human Services
ENTEar, Nose, and Throat
HIVHuman Immunodeficiency Virus
IHSIndian Health Service
MCHMaternal and Child Health
NDOHNavajo Department of Health
NFCINurse Education Center for Indians
NIHBNational Indian Health Board
OHPDOffice of Health Program Development
OTAOffice of Tribal Activities
PCCPatient Care Component
PHSPublic Health Service
RPMSResource and Patient Management System
SIDSSudden Infant Death Syndrome
TOHDTohono O'odham Community Health Department

Glossary of IHS Terms and Phrases

A defined geographic region for Indian Health Service administrative purposes. Each Area Office administers several Service Units.

Community Health Representative (CHR)
Indians selected, employed, and supervised by their Tribes and trained by IHS to provide specific health care services at the community level.

Contract Health Services
Services not available directly from IHS or Tribes that are purchased under contract from community hospitals and practitioners.

Health Center
A facility, physically separated from a hospital, with a full range of ambulatory services including at least primary care physicians, nursing, pharmacy, laboratory, and x-ray, which are available at least 40 hours a week for outpatient care.

Health Station
A facility, physically separated from a hospital and health center, where primary care physician services are available on a regularly scheduled basis but for less than 50 hours a week.

Service Area
The geographic areas in which IHS has responsibilities-- "on or near" reservations, i.e., contract health service delivery areas.

Service Population
American Indians and Alaska Natives identified to be eligible for IHS services.

Service Unit
The local administrative unit of IHS.

User Population
American Indians and Alaska Natives eligible for IHS services who have used those services at least once during the last 3-year period.

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This file last modified:   Wednesday May 21, 2003  4:46 PM