Indian Health Service
The following terms, phrases, and acronyms, will make the story of the Indian Health Service a whole lot clearer. We suggest that if you intend to take a comprehensive tour of the Indian Health Service that you consider printing a copy of this glossary before entering. Consider it your trusty tour guide document.
Glossary of Acronyms
|AIDS||Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome|
|AANHS||Alaska Area Native Health Service|
|AODA||Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse|
|BIA||Bureau of Indian Affairs|
|CDC||Centers for Disease Control|
|CHA||Community Health Aide|
|CHR||Community Health Representative|
|CHS||Contract Health Services|
|COPC||Community-Oriented Primary Care|
|COSTEP||Commissioned Officer Student Training and Externship Program|
|DHEW||Department of Health, Education and Welfare|
|DHHS||Department of Health and Human Services|
|ENT||Ear, Nose, and Throat|
|HIV||Human Immunodeficiency Virus|
|IHS||Indian Health Service|
|MCH||Maternal and Child Health|
|NDOH||Navajo Department of Health|
|NFCI||Nurse Education Center for Indians|
|NIHB||National Indian Health Board|
|OHPD||Office of Health Program Development|
|OTA||Office of Tribal Activities|
|PCC||Patient Care Component|
|PHS||Public Health Service|
|RPMS||Resource and Patient Management System|
|SIDS||Sudden Infant Death Syndrome|
|TOHD||Tohono O'odham Community Health Department|
Glossary of IHS Terms and Phrases
- A defined geographic region for Indian Health Service administrative purposes. Each Area Office administers several Service Units.
- Community Health Representative (CHR)
- Indians selected, employed, and supervised by their Tribes and trained by IHS to provide specific health care services at the community level.
- Contract Health Services
- Services not available directly from IHS or Tribes that are purchased under contract from community hospitals and practitioners.
- Health Center
- A facility, physically separated from a hospital, with a full range of ambulatory services including at least primary care physicians, nursing, pharmacy, laboratory, and x-ray, which are available at least 40 hours a week for outpatient care.
- Health Station
- A facility, physically separated from a hospital and health center, where primary care physician services are available on a regularly scheduled basis but for less than 50 hours a week.
- Service Area
- The geographic areas in which IHS has responsibilities-- "on or near" reservations, i.e., contract health service delivery areas.
- Service Population
- American Indians and Alaska Natives identified to be eligible for IHS services.
- Service Unit
- The local administrative unit of IHS.
- User Population
- American Indians and Alaska Natives eligible for IHS services who have used those services at least once during the last 3-year period.