||Legislation and Computing History
2005 – Federal
Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 201, Standard for Personal
Identity Verification of Federal Employees and Contractors, approved.
2005 – Cryptographic
Module Validation Program (CMVP) 500th validation certificate issued.
2005 – Draft voluntary voting guidelines delivered to the Technical Guidelines.
Development Committee and the Election Assistance Commission
2005 – ITL/industry-developed
ISO/IEC Standard 25062 Software Engineering-Software Quality and
Requirements Evaluation - Common Industry Format for Usability Test
2005 – Under
ITL leadership, five critical international biometric standards were
2004 – ITL
team received the Department of Commerce Gold Medal for smart card specifications.
2004 – National
Software Reference Library (NSRL) data set exceeded ten million Secure
Hash Algorithm (SHA)-1 hashes.
2004 – FIPS
199, Standards for Security Categorization of Federal Information
and Information Systems, approved.
2004 – ITL-developed
Role Based Access Control (RBAC) standard approved as American National
Standard INCITS 359-2004.
2004 – Five
biometric data interchange format standards and two biometric profile standards
approved as American National Standards.
2004 - Homeland Security
Presidential Directive 12, Policy for a Common Identification Standard
for Federal Employees and Contractors, issued.
2003 - ITL received
the Department of Commerce Gold Medal for its biometrics work.
2003 – Extensible
Markup Language (XML) conformance test suite released.
2003 – First
test results published for Computer Forensics Tool Testing (CFTT) Project.
2002 - Role Based
Access Control (RBAC) development team received the Department of Commerce
2002 – NIST
quantum information program initiated.
2002 – Face
Recognition Vendor Test Report published.
2002 – Online
NIST/SEMATECH e-Handbook of Engineering Statistics issued.
2002 – Voluntary
voting guidelines project launched, mandated by the Help American Vote
Act (HAVA) (P.L.107-252).
2002 – ITL
tasked to develop standards and guidelines for improved agency management
of secure information systems by Federal Information Security Management
Act (FISMA) (Title III of E-Gov) (P.L.107-347).
2001 - ITL team received the Department of Commerce Gold Medal for development of the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES)
197, Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), approved.
2001 – National
Software Reference Library (NSRL) released Reference Data Set version
2001 – The
E-Book/Braille Reader development team received the R&D 100 Award.
2001 – ITL’s
biometrics research focused on homeland security by the USA PATRIOT
2001 – NIST
celebrated its Centennial.
2000 – American
National Standard ANSI/NIST-ITL 1-2000, Data Format for the Interchange
of Fingerprint, Facial, & Scar Mark & Tattoo (SMT) Information, approved.
2000 – ITL
team received the Department of Commerce Gold Medal for first
global industry standard for electronic books.
1999 – Under
ITL leadership, ISO/IEC 15408: 1999, Common Criteria for IT Security
1997 – Digital
Library of Mathematical Functions (DLMF) project initiated.
1997 – ITL-developed
S-Check received R&D
1995 – Multi-national
Cryptographic Module Validation Program (CMVP) established.
1994 - Guide to Available Mathematical Software (GAMS) premiers as first NIST publically accessible World Wide Web site
1994 – ITL
team received Department of Commerce Gold Medal for research in cryptography.
1993 – FIPS
182, Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN), approved.
1992 – MultiKron developed
to promote high-performance computing and flexible scalable systems.
1992 – Text
Retrieval Conference (TREC) and research program initiated.
1992 – FIPS
151-2, POSIX, validation testing program initiated.
1992 – Validation
testing services initiated for FIPS 160, C.
1991 – FIPS
160, C, approved.
1999 – Concerns about potential damages to computers from Y2K were widespread.
1996 – Information
Technology Laboratory (ITL) formed through merge of NIST computing
and applied mathematics laboratories.
1996 – Information
Technology Management Reform Act (P.L. 104-106) replaced the Brooks
Act and reaffirmed NIST's responsibilities to develop standards and
guidelines for federal computer systems.
1991 - NIST established Computing and Applied Mathematics Laboratory.
1991 – Computer
Systems Laboratory (CSL) renamed from National Computer Systems Laboratory
1988 - FIPS 140, General
Security Requirements for Equipment Using the Data Encryption Standard.
1988 – FIPS
151, Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), approved.
1988 – TIMIT
Acoustic Phonetic Continuous Speech Database, first speech corpora
CD, released to speech research community.
1987 – FIPS
127, Database Language SQL, approved.
1986 – Staffer received the DoC Gold Medal for automating fingerprint identification processes.
1984 – NBS/ICST
accredited as American National Standards developer.
1981 – Validation
testing services initiated for FIPS 68, Minimal BASIC, and
FIPS 69, FORTRAN; see historical paper.
1980 – FIPS
68, Minimal BASIC, and FIPS 69, FORTRAN, approved.
1979 – FIPS
60, I/O Channel Interface, approved.
1979 – NBS
campus-wide local area network (LAN) implemented.
1977 – FIPS
46, Data Encryption Standard (DES), approved; see historical paper.
1976 – Standard
Reference Materials 1901, 1902, 1903, and 1904 issued for optical character
recognition (OCR) characters.
1975 – NBSIR
75-687, Effective Use of Computer Technology in Vote-Tallying,
1973 – Validation
testing services for FIPS 21, COBOL, initiated.
1972 – FIPS
21, COBOL, approved.
Early 1970s – NBS
developed one of five nodes of ARPAnet.
Early 1970s – Efforts
initiated to develop standards and guidelines for the protection of
unclassified data in federal computer systems.
Early 1970s - First NBS publication in area of computerized scientific data management; see historical paper.
1978 - NBS established Center for Applied Mathematics.
1972 – Institute
for Computer Sciences and Technology (ICST) renamed from Center for
Computer Science and Technology.
1969 – Standard
Reference Material 3200, Secondary Standard Magnetic Tape-Computer
Amplitude Reference, issued.
1968 – FIPS
1, Code for Information Interchange (ASCII), approved, inaugurating
the Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) series; see historial paper.
Mid 1960s – MAGIC,
one of the first intelligent computer graphics terminals, developed
for federal agencies.
Mid 1960s – Projects
initiated to assist the Federal Bureau of Investigation in automating
its fingerprint identification system.
1964 – Classic
mathematics reference compendia, Handbook of Mathematical Functions, published; see historical paper.
1963 – Experimental
Statistics Handbook published; see historical paper.
1969 - NBS established Center for Computer Science and Technology
1965 - Automatic Data Processing (ADP) standards development at NBS
mandated by Brooks Act (P.L. 89-306)
1965 - Jack Edmonds published seminal paper in the mathematical theory of combinatorial algorithms; see historical paper.
1961 - Churchill Eisenhart published seminal paper on precision and accuracy of instrument calibration systems; see historical paper.
1958 - SEAC used to process and identify
structural diagrams of chemical compounds.
1957 - SEAC used for NBS research in processing scanned images.
1950 - Standards Electronic Automatic Computer (SEAC), designed and
built at NBS, begins operation; see historical paper.
1951 – U.S.
Bureau of the Census began using the UNIVAC I, the first commercial
1951 - Hestenes and Stiefel developed the method of conjugate gradients; see historical paper.
1950 - National Applied Mathematics Laboratories renamed as Applied Mathematics Division.
1950 - Cornelius Lanczos developed first Krylov subspace method for the solution to eigenvalue problems; see historical paper.
Late 1940s – NBS
funded to develop first stored-program electronic computer to assist
Bureau of the Census in 1950 census.
1947 - NBS
established the National Applied Mathematics Laboratories (NAML)
with branches for numerical analysis, computation, machine development,
and statistical engineering.
1947 - John Curtiss, Director of NAML, is elected the
first President of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
1938 - NBS
launched the Math Tables Project in New York City on behalf of the
Works Projects Administration (WPA).
||1901 – Congress
created the National Bureau of Standards as the federal government’s
first physical science research laboratory.
Information Technology Laboratory
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Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8900.
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Date Created: September 28, 2005
Last Updated: August 24, 2007