Multifactor Productivity (MFP) measures the changes in output per unit of combined inputs. Indexes of MFP are produced for the private business, private nonfarm business, and manufacturing sectors of the economy. MFP is also developed for 18 3-digit NAICS manufacturing industry groups and 86 4-digit NAICS manufacturing industries, the air transportation industry, the railroad transportation industry, and the utility and gas industry.

MFP News Releases

Multifactor Productivity

May 06, 2008
Multifactor productivity grew at an annual rate of 0.7 percent in the private business sector, and 0.6 percent in the private nonfarm business sector in 2007. In both sectors, multifactor productivity showed a slight increase from the previous year. More...

Multifactor Productivity Trends for Detailed Industries

August 29, 2008
Multifactor productivity (output per unit of combined inputs) rose in almost three out of five detailed manufacturing industries in 2006, slightly more than in the previous year. Multifactor productivity also increased in the two measured transportation industries. More...

Current Economic News Releases

  • NEW Preliminary Multifactor Productivity Trends, 2007--Preliminary Published Data for Major Sectors. (HTML) (PDF)
  • NEW Multifactor Productivity Trends in Manufacturing--Published Data for 18 NAICS 3-digit Manufacturing Industries. (HTML) (PDF)
  • NEW Multifactor Productivity Trends for Detailed Industries--Published Data for 86 NAICS 4-digit Manufacturing Industries and two Transportation Industries. (HTML) (PDF)



MFP Databases


Data on major sectors and 18 NAICS 3-digit manufacturing industries

MFP Databases

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Tables Text Files
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Major Sector Multifactor Productivity Index
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MFP Tables

IMPORTANT Download standard multifactor data tables:

NEW Multifactor productivity data for 4-digit NAICS manufacturing industries and two transportation industries

Superceded historical multifactor productivity data for SIC manufacturing industries and railroad transportation

Analytic Tables and Charts


MFP Publications

  • NEW Technical Information About the BLS Multifactor Productivity Measures for Major Sectors and 18 NAICS 3-digit Manufacturing Industries (HTML) (PDF 130 KB)
  • Overview of Capital Inputs for the BLS Multifactor Productivity Measures (HTML) (PDF 213 KB)
  • Changes in the Composition of Labor (PDF 48K)
  • "Preliminary Estimate of Multifactor Productivity Growth" (PDF 114 KB), by Peter B. Meyer and Michael J. Harper, Monthly Labor Review, June 2005, pp. 32-43.
  • An error in the multifactor productivity growth rate for 2003 appeared in the original article but it has been corrected in both the electronic and paper versions as of July 8th. Those who downloaded the earlier version should download the corrected version.
  • "Multifactor productivity change in the air transportation industry" (PDF 73 KB), by John Duke and Victor Torres, Monthly Labor Review, March 2005, pp.32-45.
  • "Multifactor productivity trends in manufacturing industries, 1987-96," PDF (91k), by Ziaul Z. Ahmed and Patricia S. Wilder, Monthly Labor Review, June 2001, pp.3-11.
  • Multifactor Productivity Measures for Three-digit SIC Manufacturing Industries, 1990-99," (PDF 150K) Report 956, January 2002.
  • Archive of MLR Articles on Productivity and Technology.
  • BLS Handbook of Methods, Bulletin 2490, April 1997.
  • "Productivity Measures: Business Sector and Major Subsectors," Chapter 10 of the BLS Handbook of Methods, BLS Bulletin 2490, April 1997, pp. 89-102.
  • "Industry Productivity Measures," Chapter 11 of the BLS Handbook of Methods, BLS Bulletin 2490, April 1997, pp. 103-109.
  • "Foreign Labor Statistics," Chapter 12 of the BLS Handbook of Methods, BLS Bulletin 2490, April 1997, pp. 110-121.

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MFP Frequently Asked Questions

MFP Notices

MFP Special Notices


Contact MFP

MFP Contacts

Multifactor Productivity for Major Sectors (Annual Measures)
  Analysis and methodology
    Steve Rosenthal (202) 691-5609
    Randy Kinoshita (202) 691-5610
Multifactor Productivity for Manufacturing and 3-digit NAICS Industries (KLEMS Annual Measures)
  Analysis and methodology
    Steve Rosenthal (202) 691-5609
    Randy Kinoshita (202) 691-5610
Multifactor Productivity for 4-digit NAICS Manufacturing Industries, Air Transportation, and Railroad Transportation
  Analysis and methodology
    Lisa Usher (202) 691-5641
  Capital Data
    Victor Torres (202) 691-5626
  Intermediate Purchases Data
    Matt Russell (202) 691-5632
Multifactor Productivity for Gas and Electric Utilities, SIC 4900
  John Glaser (202) 691-5607
Multifactor Productivity for Foreign Countries
  Wolodar Lysko (202) 691-5026
Capital Measurement for Major Sector and 3-digit NAICS Industries
  Analysis and methodology
    Steve Rosenthal (202) 691-5609
    Randy Kinoshita (202) 691-5610
Labor Composition
  Analysis and methodology
    Cindy Zoghi (202) 691-5680
    Ryan Forshay (202) 691-5617
Hours at Work Ratio
  Shawn Sprague (202) 691-5612
Research and Development
  Analysis and methodology
    Leo Sveikauskas (202) 691-5677
    Bhavani Khandrika (202) 691-5620


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