The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) program produces data on job openings, hires, and separations.
Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey
September 09, 2008
There were 3.4 million job openings in the U.S. on the last
day of July 2008. The job openings rate (2.4 percent) and
total separations rate (3.1 percent) were essentially
unchanged from June, while the hires rate (3.0 percent) fell
- Job Openings and Labor Turnover (HTML) (PDF)
For Annual Data, please open the January 2008 press release (PDF).
For help, try these tutorials.
- Series Report —Already know the series identifier for the statistic you want? Use this shortcut to retrieve your data.
- Flat files FTP Site —For those who want it all. Download a flat file of the entire database or large subset of the database.
All JOLTS Databases
- JOLTS Basic (Computer-Assisted Telephone Interview) Form (PDF 24K)
- JOLTS Temporary Help/Professional Employer Organization Industry (Computer-Assisted Telephone Interview) Form (PDF 23K)
- JOLTS Education Industry (Computer-Assisted Telephone Interview) Form (PDF 23K)
- Kelly A. Clark and Rosemary Hyson, “New tools for labor market analysis: JOLTS” (PDF 41K)
- Brady Stephens and Kim Riley, “Developing Annual Estimates of Hires and Separations”
- Mark Crankshaw and George Stamas, Sample Design in the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey
- Charlotte Mueller and John Wohlford, Developing a New Business Survey: Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey at the Bureau of Labor Statistics
- Kelly A. Clark, What an Indicator of Labor Demand Means for U.S. Labor Market Analysis: Initial Results from the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey
- Kelly A. Clark and Mary Anne Phillips, A Comparison of Job Openings Surveys: Concepts and Survey Design
- Kelly A. Clark, Mary Anne Phillips, and Brady Stephens, The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey: Preparing to Publish Data for a New Survey
- Mary Anne Phillips and Charlotte Mueller, The Genesis of an Establishment Survey: Research and Development for the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey at the BLS
- John Wohlford, Mary Anne Phillips, Richard Clayton, and George Werking, Reconciling Labor Turnover and Employment Statistics
- With the release of January 2007 data on March 13, BLS revised the job openings, hires, and separations data to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment factors. Unadjusted data since April 2005 and seasonally adjusted data since December 2000 were subject to revision. Additionally, with the March 13 release, BLS updated the annual rates and levels for hires and separations and issued new annual rates and levels for 2006.
- Also with the release of January 2007 data on March 13, three new industries are included in the seasonally adjusted tables. The new industries are: retail trade; accommodation and food services; and state and local government. The complete list of seasonally adjusted industries are available here: http://www.bls.gov/jlt/jltask.htm#seasonal
- JOLTS data are based on the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)
- The production of SIC-based estimates was discontinued. Historical SIC-based estimates are available for December 2000 through April 2003. Please contact the JOLTS staff for this information.
Other BLS Programs
Business Employment Dynamics—quarterly data series of job gains and job losses statistics, generated from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages program.
- Current Employment Statistics (National)— monthly national data by detailed industry on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on the payrolls of nonfarm establishments.
- Current Population Survey— monthly data on the labor force, employment, unemployment and persons not in the labor force. It also provides monthly data on job losers and job leavers and biennial data on displaced workers.
- Mass Layoff Statistics— reports on mass layoff actions that result in workers being separated from their jobs.
Other Useful Links
- CareerOneStop— a source of helpful job search information.
- America's Career InfoNet (ACINet)— helps people make more informed career decisions. America's Career InfoNet is ideal for job seekers, employers, human resource specialists and workforce development specialists.
For additional information concerning the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS), contact a JOLTS staff member at:
- Email: Contact JOLTS staff by email
- Telephone number: (202) 691-5870
- Fax number: (202) 691-6645
- Postal address:
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Office of Employment and Unemployment Statistics
Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey
2 Massachusetts Avenue, NE
Washington, DC 20212-0001
Survey participants who need assistance in completing their monthly report, call 1-800-341-4620.