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Preface to the Second Edition

Preface to the First Edition

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force



i. Overview

ii. Methodology

iii. The Periodic Health Examination: Age-Specific Charts

iv. Patient Education and Counseling for Prevention

v. Cost-Effectiveness and Clinical Preventive Services

section one

A Cardiovascular Diseases

1. Screening for Asymptomatic Coronary Artery Disease

2. Screening for High Blood Cholesterol and Other Lipid Abnormalities

3. Screening for Hypertension

4. Screening for Asymptomatic Carotid Artery Stenosis

5. Screening for Peripheral Arterial Disease

6. Screening for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

B Neoplastic Diseases

7. Screening for Breast Cancer

8. Screening for Colorectal Cancer

9. Screening for Cervical Cancer

10. Screening for Prostate Cancer

11. Screening for Lung Cancer

12. Screening for Skin Cancer--Including Counseling to Prevent Skin Cancer

13. Screening for Testicular Cancer

14. Screening for Ovarian Cancer

15. Screening for Pancreatic Cancer

16. Screening for Oral Cancer

17. Screening for Bladder Cancer

18. Screening for Thyroid Cancer

C Metabolic, Nutritional, and Environmental Disorders

19. Screening for Diabetes Mellitus

20. Screening for Thyroid Disease

21. Screening for Obesity

22. Screening for Iron Deficiency Anemia--Including Iron Prophylaxis

23. Screening for Elevated Lead Levels in Childhood and Pregnancy

D Infectious Diseases

24. Screening for Hepatitis B Virus Infection

25. Screening for Tuberculous Infection--Including Bacille Calmette-Guerin Immunization

26. Screening for Syphilis

27. Screening for Gonorrhea--Including Ocular Prophylaxis in Newborns

28. Screening for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection

29. Screening for Chlamydial Infection--Including Ocular Prophylaxis in Newborns

30. Screening for Genital Herpes Simplex

31. Screening for Asymptomatic Bacteriuria

32. Screening for Rubella--Including Immunization of Adolescents and Adults

E Vision and Hearing Disorders

33. Screening for Visual Impairment

34. Screening for Glaucoma

35. Screening for Hearing Impairment

F Prenatal Disorders

36. Screening Ultrasonography in Pregnancy

37. Screening for Preeclampsia

38. Screening for D (Rh) Incompatibility

39. Intrapartum Electronic Fetal Monitoring

40. Home Uterine Activity Monitoring

G Congenital Disorders

41. Screening for Down Syndrome

42. Screening for Neural Tube Defects--Including Folic Acid/Folate Prophylaxis

43. Screening for Hemoglobinopathies

44. Screening for Phenylketonuria

45. Screening for Congenital Hypothyroidism

H Musculoskeletal Disorders

46. Screening for Postmenopausal Osteoporosis

47. Screening for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

I Mental Disorders and Substance Abuse

48. Screening for Dementia

49. Screening for Depression

50. Screening for Suicide Risk

51. Screening for Family Violence

52. Screening for Problem Drinking

53. Screening for Drug Abuse

section two

54. Counseling to Prevent Tobacco Use

55. Counseling to Promote Physical Activity

56. Counseling to Promote a Healthy Diet

57. Counseling to Prevent Motor Vehicle Injuries

58. Counseling to Prevent Household and Recreational Injuries

59. Counseling to Prevent Youth Violence

60. Counseling to Prevent Low Back Pain

61. Counseling to Prevent Dental and Periodontal Disease

62. Counseling to Prevent HIV Infection and Other Sexually Transmitted Diseases

63. Counseling to Prevent Unintended Pregnancy

64. Counseling to Prevent Gynecologic Cancers

section three

65. Childhood Immunizations

66. Adult Immunizations--Including Chemoprophylaxis against Influenza A

67. Postexposure Prophylaxis for Selected Infectious Diseases

68. Postmenopausal Hormone Prophylaxis

69. Aspirin Prophylaxis for the Primary Prevention of Myocardial Infarction

70. Aspirin Prophylaxis in Pregnancy


A. Task Force Ratings

B. Reviewers


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