Geoscience, chemical science, bioscience
The Department of Energy supports the geosciences through the Office of Science Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Energy Biosciences subprogram. The Office of Science supports research in analytical chemistry, particularly in the area of mass spectrometry, separation chemistry, and thermo-physical properties. Examples of the science include solvation in supercritical fluids, electric field assisted separations, speciation of actinide elements, ion imprinted sol gels for actinide separations, ligand design, stability of macromolecules and ion fragmentation, imaging of organic and biological materials with secondary ion mass spectrometry, and the physics of highly charged species. The subprogram also supports research on the collision physics of highly charged ions and their interactions with surfaces. In the area of geosciences, work is supported to study low-temperature geochemical processes and rates in mineral-fluid systems.