Skip to the content
HHS Skip Banner Navigation HRSA MCHB HomeQuestions?Search
HHS Link to MCHB home page photos
Health Resources and Services Administration
Maternal and Child Health Bureau
Skip Menu
About Maternal and Child Health Bureau
Funding Opportunities
Resources & Publications
List of Related Links

FirstGov: Your first click to the U.S. Government

Maternal and Child Health Bureau

The work of the Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB) is in support of the Bureau’s Strategic Plan (2003-2007) for meeting the needs of the maternal and child health populations of the United States and its Jurisdictions. The Bureau focuses—through leadership, performance, and accountability—on accomplishment of five over-arching goals: 1) Provide National Leadership for Maternal and Child Health; 2) Promote an Environment that Supports Maternal and Child Health; 3) Eliminate Health Barriers and Disparities; 4) Improve the Health Infrastructure and Systems of Care, and 5) Assure Quality of Care. The Bureau’s progress—or accountability—toward goal achievement is reported annually.
The MCHB Vision: MCHB believes in a future America in which the right to grow to one’s full potential is universally assured through attention to the comprehensive physical, psychological, and social needs of the MCH population. We strive for a society where children are wanted and born with optimal health, receive quality care, and are nurtured lovingly and sensitively as they mature into healthy, productive adults. The Bureau seeks a Nation where there is equal access for all to quality health care in a supportive, culturally competent, family and community setting.

Charged with primary responsibility for promoting and improving the health of our Nation’s mothers and children, the Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB) draws upon nearly a century of commitment and experience. Early efforts are rooted in the MCHB predecessor, the Children’s Bureau, established in 1912. In 1935, Congress enacted Title V of the Social Security Act, which authorized the Maternal and Child Health Services Programs—providing a foundation and structure for assuring the health of mothers and children for more than 70 years. Today, the Maternal and Child Health Bureau, as part of the Health Resources and Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, administers Title V.

The MCHB mission is to provide national leadership and to work in partnership with States, communities, public-private partners, and families to strengthen the maternal and child health (MCH) infrastructure, assure the availability and use of medical homes, and build knowledge and human resources in order to assure continued improvement in the health, safety, and well-being of the maternal and child health population. The MCH population includes all America’s pregnant women, infants, children, adolescents, and their families—including women of reproductive age, fathers, and children with special health care needs.

The Maternal and Child Health Bureau administers seven major programs which, in FY 2007, have a total budget of $838.2 million

  • The Maternal and Child Health Services Block Grant (Title V, Social Security Act), $693 million
  • The Healthy Start Program (Public Health Service Act), $101.5 million
  • Emergency Medical Services for Children Program (Public Health Service Act), $19.8 million
  • Traumatic Brain Injury (Public Health Service Act), $8.9 million
  • Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (Public Health Service Act), $9.8 million
  • Sickle Cell Service Demonstration (American Jobs Creation Act of 2004), $2.2 million
  • Family to Family Health Information Centers (Title V, Social Security Act), $3 million

The Title V Maternal and Child Health Services Block Grant includes State Formula Block Grants, Special Projects of Regional and National Significance (SPRANS) grants and Community Integrated Service Systems (CISS) grants.

The largest portion of Title V goes to the States through a formula-based block grant process, which includes a matching funds requirement. (States match $3 in funds or resources for every $4 in Federal funds they receive.) This $5 billion Federal/State partnership develops service systems in our Nation’s communities to meet critical challenges in maternal and child health, including:

  • Significantly reducing infant mortality and incidence of handicapping conditions
  • Providing and ensuring access to comprehensive care for women
  • Promoting the health of children by providing preventive and primary care services
  • Increasing the number of children who receive health assessments, diagnostic and treatment services
  • Providing family-centered, community-based, coordinated care for children with special health care needs.

Activities supported under Special Projects of Regional and National Significance (SPRANS) grants include MCH research, training, genetic services, hemophilia diagnostic and treatment centers, and maternal and child health improvement projects that support a broad range of innovative strategies. In FY 2006, the Bureau funded approximately 501 SPRANS grants at a total of $115.9 million.

In FY 2006, 64 Community Integrated Service Systems (CISS) grants were awarded, totaling $10.6 million. The CISS program seeks to improve the health of mothers and children by funding projects for the development and expansion of integrated health, education, and social services at the community level.

The Healthy Start program funds communities to eliminate the causes of infant mortality and low birth weight among their own residents. The initiative began in 1991 in 15 communities that had very high rates of infant mortality. In 2007, the number of official sites has grown to include 99 communities in 38 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.

The Emergency Medical Services for Children (EMSC) program is a joint effort of MCHB and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to improve States’ EMS systems and to support research efforts focused on children’s emergencies.

The Traumatic Brain Injury Demonstration Grant Program (TBI) provides grants to States to implement systems that ensure access to comprehensive and coordinated TBI services. TBI also provides support for state protection and advocacy systems.

The Universal Newborn Hearing Screening program helps States implement universal newborn hearing screening prior to hospital discharge. For those infants identified with hearing loss, linkage to a medical home and diagnostic evaluation and enrollment in a program of early intervention by 6 months of age are provided.

The Sickle Cell Disease Treatment Demonstration Program provides grants to enhance the prevention and treatment of sickle cell disease.  It is designed to improve and expand patient and provider education and the continuity and coordination of service delivery for individuals with sickle cell disease.

The Family-to-Family Health Information Centers provides grants to a family-run organization in each state and the District of Columbia to assist families of children with disabilities or special health needs to make informed decisions about health care in order to promote good treatment decisions, cost effectiveness, and improve health outcomes for such children.     

Bureau Organization

  • Office of the Director, which includes the Offices of Data and Program Development, Operations and Management, and the HRSA Office of Women’s Health.
  • Division of State and Community Health
  • Division of Services for Children with Special Health Needs
  • Division of Child, Adolescent and Family Health
  • Division of Healthy Start and Perinatal Services
  • Division of Research, Training and Education
Maternal and Child Health Bureau

Go to:  Maternal and Child Health Bureau Home | HRSA | HHS
Accessibility | Privacy | Disclaimers | Search | Questions/Comments

Health Resources and Services Administration
Maternal and Child Health Bureau
Parklawn Building Room 18-05
5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, Maryland 20857 |
Key Staff Phone Directory